2-Title: Experimental study to control the abscess disease in Najdi sheep at Qassim region of Saudi Arabia
Authors: KB Al-Harbi, MA Al-Dubaib and OM Mahmoud
Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):123-126.
How to cite this manuscript: Al-Harbi KB, Al-Dubaib MA and Mahmoud OM (2013). Experimental study to control the abscess disease in Najdi sheep at Qassim region of Saudi Arabia. Ruminant Science 2(2):123-126.
A program for controlling the abscess disease of sheep, based on vaccination, zinc injection and antiseptic washing, was implemented on a sheep flock comprising 50 Najdi ewes (2-3 years) and 3 breeding rams. The animals in the flock were vaccinated with a bacterin (GlanvacTM) and washed with Dettol antiseptic at its standard dilution (1/125) every 6 months. They were also injected subcutaneously with 5 mg/kg bodyweight zinc as zinc oxide suspended in olive oil, once annually. The ewes in the main flock were allowed to breed freely and the born F1 generation of lambs (n=20) joined the control program at the age of 3-4 months. The ewes and the lambs were monitored for abscess development and for general health for two years. In the first year, two vaccinated ewes developed abscesses on the head with incidence of 3.8% (2/53). Two non-vaccinated lambs developed abscesses at the age of 3 months before joining the control program. The program was continued on the parent stock ewes and their F1 generation lambs for a second year. The incidence of abscesses was 0% for both dams and lambs in the second year. The F1 generation reached maturity and was bred to produce F2 generation of lambs (n=8) that also joined the control grogram at the age of 3-4 months. The F2 generation of lambs remained free of abscesses until the age of 5 months, the time when the experiment time expired. The results show that the program is highly effective in the control of sheep abscess disease as from the second year of its implementation.
Al-Harbi KB (2011). Prevalence and etiology of abscess disease in sheep and goats at Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Veterinary World 4(11):495-499.
Baird GJ and Malone FE (2010). Control of caseous lymphadenitis in six sheep flocks using clinical examination and regular ELISA testing. Veterinary Record 166:358-292.
Dercksen DF, Brinkhof JMA, Dekker-Nooren T, Maanen K, Bode CF, Baird G and Kamp EM (2000). A comparison of four serological tests for the diagnosis of caseous lymphadenitis in sheep and goats. Veterinary Microbiology 75:167-175.
Dorella FA, Pacheco LG, Seyffert N, Portela RW, Meyer R, Miyoshi A and Azevedo V (2009). Antigens of Corynebacterium psuedotuberculosis and prospectus for vaccine development. Expert Review in Vaccines 8:205-213.
Fontaine MC, Baird G, Conner KM, Rudge K, Sales J and Donachie W (2006). Vaccination confers significant protection of sheep against infection with a virulent United Kingdom strain of C. psuedotuberculosis. Vaccine 14:33-34.
Hambridge KM, Casey CE and Krebs J (1986). Zinc. In: Trace Elements in Man and Animals Nutrition. 5th Edn, Volume 2, Academic Press, Orlando. pp 1-37.
Ibs KH and Rink L (2003). Zinc-altered immune function. Journal of Nutrition 133:1452S-1456S.
Ivanovic S, Zutic I, Pavlovic I and Zujovic M (2009). Caseous lymphadenitis in goats. Biotechnology in Animals 25:999-1007.
Paton MW, Mercy AR, Sutherland SS, Ellis TM and Duta SR (1991). The effect of antibody to caseous lymphadenitis in ewes on the efficacy of vaccination in lambs. Australian Veterinary Journal 68 (4):143-146.
Underwood EJ (1981). Mineral Nutrition of Farm Animals. Common Agricultural Bureaux, UK.
Williamson LH (2001). Caseous lymphadenitis in small ruminants. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 17:359-371.
Wu FYH and Wu CH (1987). Zinc in DNA replication and transcription. Annual Review of Nutrition 7:251-272.