Sero-status of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infections in Bihar, India

11.Title: Sero-status of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infections in Bihar, India

Authors: Pankaj Kumar, Pallav Shekhar, Purushottam Kaushik, Anjay, Ramesh Tiwary,                   Diwakar Hemadri and SS Patil

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):197-200

How to cite this manuscript: Kumar Pankaj, Shekhar Pallav, Kaushik Purushottam, Anjay, Tiwary Ramesh, Hemadri Diwakar and Patil SS (2019). Sero-status of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infections in Bihar, India. Ruminant Science 8(2):197-200.

Abstract

Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) is the causative agent of Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), which is a contagious disease primarily affecting cattle. Infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, infectious pustular balanoposthitis and abortion in cattle are other clinical manifestations of BoHV-1 infection.  The present study was conducted with an aim to monitor sero-status of BoHV-1 in cattle and buffalo population of Bihar. A total of 190 cattle and buffalo sera samples collected from 14 districts of Bihar were subjected to avidin-biotin ELISA for BoHV-1. The overall sero-positivity was found to be 46.84%. The sero-positivity in cattle population was recorded to be 57.52% as against 45.28 % in buffaloes. Age wise sero-positivity was recorded the highest at 51.75% in animals of more than 3 years of age. Sero-positivity for BoHV-1 antibodies as high as 60-80%, was recorded in five (5) out of the 14 districts of the state under study. The result indicating almost 50% of sero-positivity for BoHV-1 antibodies appears to be alarming which warrants further suitable initiatives to be taken to control the spread of this economically important viral infection.

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