23-Title: Comparison of two methods of measuring vertebral heart size (VHS) in apparently healthy goats (Capra hircus)
Authors: Vimlesh Kumar, S Purohit, RK Pathak, MK Srivastava, Vijay Pandey and RP Pandey
Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):247-249
How to cite this manuscript: Kumar Vimlesh, Purohit S, Pathak RK, Srivastava MK, Pandey Vijay and Pandey RP (2019). Comparison of two methods of measuring vertebral heart size (VHS) in apparently healthy goats (Capra hircus). Ruminant Science 8(2):247-249.
The present study was conducted on twelve apparently healthy goats free from cordiothoracic diseases and allocated to two groups of 6 each order to establish the standard values (range) for parameters of the heart and thorax. The measured mean±S.E values of body weight and age were 11.83±0.70 (range 10 – 15) kg, 3.75±0.31 (range 3-5) month and 25.67±1.73 (range 16-30) kg, 8.58±0.95 (range 6.5-12) month in animals of the groups-I and II, respectively. The vertebral heart score (VHS) measured as per Buchanan and Buchler (1995) and Ljubica et al (2007) method differed significiently between groups I and II animals. In clinical practice, VHS is easy to apply and objective in assessing cardiac sizes of patients.
Babicsak VR, Alves LS, Tsunemi MH and Vulcano LC (2017). Radiographic measurements related with the cardiac size in young female Bergamasca sheep. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(12):1526-30.
Buchanan JW (2000). Vertebral scale system to measure heart size in radiographs. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 30:379-93.
Buchanan JW and Bucheler J (1995).Vertebral scale system to measure canine heart size in radiographs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 206(2):194-199.
Douglas SW, Herrtage ME and Williamson HD (1987). Principles of Veterinary Radiology. 4th Edn, Bailliere Tindall, London.
Gulanber EG, Gonenci R, Kaya U, Aksoy O and Biricik HAS (2005). Vertebral scale system to measure heart size in thoracic radiographs of Turkish Shepherd (Kangal) dogs. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 29:723-726.
Litster A and Buchanan JW (2000). Vertebral scale system to measure heart size in radiographs of cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 216:210-214.
Ljubica SK, Krstic N and Trailovic RD (2007). Comparison of three methods of measuring vertebral heart size in German shepherd dogs. Acta Veterinaria (Beogard) 57:(2-3) 133-141.
Merck Veterinary Manual (2016). Heart disease. 11th Edn, Merck and Co Inc, USA
Pinto AC, Fonseca BC and Masao I (2004). Radiographic evaluation of the cardiacsilhouette in clinically normal Poodles through the vertebral heart size (VHS) method. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science 41(4):261-267.
Root CR and Bahr RJ (2002). The heart and great vessels. In: Textbook of Diagnostic Veterinary Radiology. Eds: DE Thrall, 4th Edn, WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, pp 402-419.
Sleeper MM and Buchanan JW (2001). Vertebral scale system to measure heart size in growing puppies. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 219(1):57-59.
Ukaha RO, Kene RO and Gboniko OE (2013). Vertebral scale system to measure heart size in thoracic radiographs of West African dwarf goats. Nigerian Veterinary Journal 34(4).
Ulian CMV (2015). Avaliação do desenvolvimento cardíaco neonatal em cordeiros. Tese de Doutorado. Available on http://repo sitorio.unesp.br/bitstream /handle/11449/140231/000865898. pdf ? sequence = 1 & is Allowed = Assessed on Oct. 8, 2016.