27-Title: Cytogenetic characterization of Bidri goats of Karnataka
Authors: Basavraj Inamdar, R Nagaraja, HM Yathish, Naveen Kumar S, Naveen Kumar GS, SB Prasanna and TM Prabhu
Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):131-136.
How to cite this manuscript: Inamdar Basavraj, Nagaraja R, Yathish HM, Kumar Naveen S, Kumar Naveen GS, Prasanna SB and Prabhu TM (2020). Cytogenetic characterization of Bidri goats of Karnataka. Ruminant Science 9(1):131-136.
The present study was conducted to karyotype and prepare idiogram of Bidri goats. Blood samples for short term lymphocyte culture were collected from 5 male and 5 female goats and then mitotic chromosome preparation was accomplished. The diploid chromosome number was found to be 60, consisting of 29 pairs of acrocentric autosomes and a pair of allosomes (X and Y). The X chromosome was the longest acrocentric and Y chromosome was found to be sub metacentric. The mean mitotic drive was 62.5±1.33 and 63.25±1.84 per cent in males and females, respectively. The mean relative length of autosomes varied from 1.77±0.07 to 5.21±0.19 in females and 1.98±0.06 to 4.97±0.10 in males. The relative length of X- chromosome in females was 5.49±0.24 and that in males was 5.31±0.23, whereas Y- chromosome had a relative length of 1.86±0.10. The mean values of Arms ratio, Centromeric Index and Morphological Index were 3.97, 23.56 and 302.63, respectively. This karyological study indicates the normal chromosomal complement in studied Bidri goats.
Banani M, Ravindra K, Nandani K and Nishant P (2018). Standardized karyotype and idiogram of native black Bengal goats. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7:510-517.
Basumatary R (2003). Cytogenetic studies on cows with fertility disorder. MVSc thesis submitted to Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India.
Bhagat SB, Khade AS, Khade SB, Pawar VD, Umrikar UD, Sawane MP and Doiphode AY (2014). Karyological evaluation of Sangamneri goat. Journal of Bombay Veterinary College 21(1).
Bhatia S and Shanker V (1989). Chromosome analysis of peripheral leukocytes of Bengal goat. Indian Journal of Animal Science 59:1340-1342.
Bhatia S and Shanker V (1991). Cytogenetic analysis of Gaddi goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 61:646-648.
Bhatia S and Shanker V (1992). Cytogenetic analysis of Gaddi goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 62(10):993-96.
Bhatia S and Shanker V (1993). Somatic chromosomes of Marwari goats. Indian Journal of Animal Science 63:1302-1304.
Bhatia S and Shanker V (1994). Cytogenetic characteristics of Beetal goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 65(5):592-595.
Bhatia S and Shanker V (1995). Cytogenetic characteristics of Beetal goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 65:592-595.
Das B (1990). Cytogenetic studies on Assam local X Beetal (F1) goats. MVSc thesis submitted to Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India
Dixit Pooja, Rao MLV, Dixit AK and Shukla PC (2016). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in goat kids in Jabalpur. Ruminant Science 5(1):39-42.
Ekambaram, Gupta Ramesh, Prakash BR, Sudhaker MG and. Reddy VR (2011). Cytogenetic characterization of Mahabubnagar goats. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 7(3):157-163.
Hansen KM (1973). Q- band karyotype of the goat (Capra hircus) and the relation between goat and bovine Q- bands. Hereditas 75:119-30.
ISCNDA (1990). International System for Cytogenetic Nomenclature of Domestic Animals. In: Proceeding of the Second International Conference for the Standardization of Domestic Animal Karyotype. Paris (1989). Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 53:665-679.
Jayashree R, Jayashankar MR, Nagaraja CS, Cauveri D, Satyanarayana K and Shrikrishna I, (2014). Karyological studies in goats of Karnataka. Frontier Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 3(2):141-144.
Kasabe SS, Ali SZ, Sawane MP and Kuralkar SV (2009). Chromosome morphology of Berari goats with special reference to mitotic drive and mitotic index. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 15(2):0971-9857.
Khavary H (1973). A proposed method for classifying chromosomes of Capra hircus. Journal of Veterinary Faculty, University of Tehran 29:69-71.
Kokani SC, Pawar VD, Sawane MP, Chopade MM and Khade SB (2018). Cytogenetic analysis of Osmanabadi and Boer breeding bucks breeds. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7.
Kumar Vijay, Singh BP and Bangar YC (2013). Adoption level of breeding and reproduction management practices among goat farmers in semi arid zone of Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 2(2):207-210.
Kumari N, Mandal B, Oraon T and Thakur SK (2015). Indian Journal of Science and Technology 8 (28).
Moorehead PS, Nowell PC, Mellman WJ, Battips DM and Hungerford DA (1960). Chromosome preparation of leucocytes cultured from human peripheral blood. Experimental Cell Research 20:613-616.
Nicodemo D, Paucicello A, Castello A, Soysal I, Aytac M and Di Berardino D (2008). A cytogenetic study on the Angora breed of goat (Capra hircus) reared in Turkiye. Tekirdag Ziraat Fakultesi Dergisi. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty 5(3).
Pattanayak GR and Patro BN (1986). Chromosomes of Ganjam, Black Bengal and F1 (Gangam x Black Bengal) goats. Indian Journal of Heredity 18:37-47.
Saravanan R, Karthickeyan SM, Balasubramanyam D, Deshpande AD, Gopu P and Thara S (2006). Karyological studies in Kanni Adu breed of goats. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 16-20.
Sharma A, Sharma Arjava and Balakrishnan CR (1993). Meiotic chromosomes of Jamunapari bucks. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 63:998-1000.
Umadevi P, Ramesh G, Sakunthala Devi B and Dhana Lakshmi K (2011). Cytogenetic characterization of Mahabubnagar goats. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 7(6):268-276.
Yeo JS (1984). Chromosome analysis of Korean native goat. Korean. Journal of Animal Sciences 26:231-232.