7-Title: Enriching of camel milk composition and fatty acid profile by supplementation of flaxseed in the dromedary camel diet
Authors: Tahereh Mohammadabadi and Abdul Raziq Kakar
Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):37-39.
How to cite this manuscript: Mohammadabadi Tahereh and Kakar Abdul Raziq (2020). Enriching of camel milk composition and fatty acid profile by supplementation of flaxseed in the dromedary camel diet. Ruminant Science 9(1):37-39.
Present study aimed to investigate the effect of supplementing heated flaxseed on the milk production, composition and fatty acid profiles of dairy camels. Eight dromedary lactating camels with an average body weight of 420±26 kg assigned to 2 groups. Treatments were included control; grazing without flaxseed and experimental treatment with 100-250 g flaxseed per day for a weekly gradual adaption in a one month study. The camels had access to forage in the desert and at all fed with concentrate mixture. Milk production was recorded, and milk composition and fatty acid profiles were determined. The data were analyzed as a completely randomized design. The result revealed flaxseeds supplementation increased (P<0.05) milk production of the camels as compared to the control (6.5 and 4.1 litre/day, respectively). Supplementation of flaxseed increased milk fat percentage (4.2 versus 3.7%) and decreased milk lactose (4.1 versus 4.35%) as compared to the control (P<0.05). But milk protein and ash were not different between treatments (P>0.05). Using supplemental flaxseeds in camels diet decreased saturated fatty acids and increased unsaturated fatty acids such as C18 and CLA (P<0.05). The value for C18:3 were 0.97 and 1.51% for control and flaxseed treatment, respectively. The current result showed that supplementation of heated flaxseed gradually at the rate of by 100-250 g/day in weekly interval to dromedary dairy camels’ increased milk production and percentage of unsaturated fatty acids with decreased saturated fatty acids composition of milk, which could be able to influence the heart health. Hence, it is recommended that supplementation of 100-250 g flaxseed in dromedary camels’ diet for increasing of omega-3 and improves the milk quality toward health aims.
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