22

22-Title: Fetal mummification in buffalo-A case report

Authors: MP Patel, SC Patel, JB Patel, BN Suthar, HC Nakhashi and VK Sharma

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):93-94.

How to cite this manuscript: Patel MP, Patel SC, Patel JB, Suthar BN, Nakhashi HC and Sharma VK (2012). Fetal mummification in buffalo-A case report. Ruminant Science 1(1):93-94.

References

Arthur GH, Noakes DE and Parkinson TJ (1996). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. WB Saundors Company Ltd, London pp 127-128.  

Barth AD (1986). Induced abortion in cattle. In: Current Therapy in Theriogenology. Eds DA Morrow, WB Saunders Philadelphia pp 205-208.

Christianson WT (1992). Stillbirths, mummies, abortions, and early embryonic death in swine. Veterinary Clinics North America: Swine Reproduction 8:623-639.

Hailat NQ, Lafi SQ and Al-Ani Al-Darraji F (1997). Ovine fetal maceration. Small Animal Research 25:89-91.

Hubbert WT (1974). Relationship of unkeratinized skin to bovine fetal mummification: A hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine  38:203-206.

Irons  PC (1999). Hysterotomy by a colpotomy approach for treatment of foetal mummification in a cow. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 70:127-129.

Johnston SD and Raksil S (1987). Fetal loss in the dog and cat. Veterinary Clinics North America: Small Animal Practice 17:535-554.

Mahajan  M and Sharma A (2002). Haematic mummification due to umbilical cord torsion in a cow: A case report. Indian Veterinary Journal 79:1186-1187.

Meyers PJ and Varner DD (1991). Abortion of a mummified fetus associated with short uterine body in a mare. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 198:1768-1770.

Moore  AA  and Richardson GF (1995). Uterine torsion and fetal mummification in a cow. Canadian Veterinary Journal 36:705-706.

Roberts SJ (1986). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. (Theriogenology), Woodstock, VT, Published by Roberts SJ pp 231-217.

Stevens RW and King GJ (1968). Genetic evidence for a lethal mutation in Holstein-Friesian cattle. Journal of Heredity 59:366-368.

Thomas PGA (1997). Induced abortion. In: Curent Therapy in Large Animal Theiogenology. Eds RS Youngquist,  Saundors Company Ltd, Philaldelphia pp 303-306.

Tutt CLC (1997). Postpartum mummification of a co-twin fetus in a Cameroon dwarf goat doe. Veterinary Record 140:229-231.

19

19-Title: Ferroscopy and blood trypsin inhibitor spot test for diagnosis of foreign body in camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Authors: DN Suthar, JN Mistry, BN Suthar, PB Patel and KB Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):85-87.

How to cite this manuscript: Suthar DN, Mistry JN, Suthar BN, Patel PB and Patel KB (2012). Ferroscopy and blood trypsin inhibitor spot test for diagnosis of foreign body in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 1(1):85-87.

Abstract

Total 485 Kuchchhi camels with the history of altered appetite and digestive disorders were examined with metal detector to find out any ferrous origin metallic foreign body in abdomen. Out of them, 30 camels showed positive result. The blood samples from these camels were subjected to trypsin inhibitor spot test (TIST). On rumenotomy, all the 14 cases with positive TIST reaction were found to have metallic foreign bodies in their rumen and reticulum. Use of metal detector along with TIST is therefore suggested for diagnosis of ferromagnetic foreign bodies in the camel forestomach.

References

Athar H, Mohindroo J, Singh K, Kumar A and Randhawa CS (2010). Clinical, haematobiochemical, radiographic and ultrasonographic features of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in bovines. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80(7):608-612.

Braun U, Fluckinger M and Nageli F (1993). Radiography as an aid in the diagnosis of traumatic reticulo-peritonitis in cattle. Veterinary Record 132(5):103-109.

Braun U, Ganshar B and Fluchiger M (2003). Radiographic findings before and after oral administration of a magnet in cows with traumatic reticulo-peritonitis. American Journal of Veterinary Research 64(1):115-120.

Dabas VS, Mistry JN and Chaudhary S (2002). Stomach foreign bodies in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 23(1):50-51.

Dattagupta B, Bhokre AP, Samad A and Panchbhai VS (1997). Predictive value of certain diagnostic tests in bovine traumatic reticulo-peritonitis with special reference to trypsin-inhibitor activity. Compendium ISVS Nashik Chapter 3-7.

Ducharme NG (1990). Surgery of the bovine forestomach compartments. Veterinary Clinics North America: Food Animal Practice 6:371.

Ducharme NG, Dill SG and Rendano VT (1983). Reticulography of the cow in dorsal recumbency: an aid in the diagnosis andtreatment of traumatic reticuloperitonitis. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 182:585-88.

Formston C (1949). Proceeding of XIVth International Veterinary Congress, London 3:250.

Jamma VP (2004). Clinico-biochemical study of chronic traumatic reticulitis in Mehsanai buffaloes. MVSc Thesis submitted to Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Gujarat.

Luenberger W, Martig J and Schneider E (1978). Diagnosis and treatment of traumatic reticulitis in cattle. Veterinary Bulletin 48:1025.

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2000). Disease of the rumen, reticulum and omasum. In: Veterinary Medicine: A Text Book of the Disease of Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, Goats and Horses, 9th Edn, WB Saunders Co, London pp 303-311.

Raut M (2009). Study of foreign body syndrome in cattle of North Gujarat. MVSc Thesis submitted to Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat.

Rosenberger G (1979). Clinical Examination of Cattle. Verlag Paul Parey Berlin 212.

Samad A, Khalid BA and Sarkate LB (1994). Diagnosis of bovine traumatic reticuloperitonitis II: Blood trypsin inhibitor as a diagnostic test. Journal of Applied Animal Research 6:19-26.

Sastry GA (1983). Veterinary Pathology. 6th Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi p 338.

Tyagi RPS and Singh J (1993). Ruminant Surgery. 1st Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.

18

18-Title: Metallic foreign bodies in the fore stomach of large ruminants and their significance

Authors: VS Dabas, CF Chaudhari and NF Chaudhari

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):81-84.

How to cite this manuscript: Dabas VS, Chaudhari CF and Chaudhari NF (2012). Metallic foreign bodies in the fore stomach of large ruminants and their significance. Ruminant Science 1(1):81-84.

Abstract

Using a metal detector, five hundred cattle/buffaloes were screened to locate metallic foreign bodies in their rumen/reticulum. Relevant information regarding important management practices of the dairy farmers was also obtained. 51.8 percent (n=259) of the total animals were found positive for the metallic foreign bodies in their fore stomach. Significant (P<0.01) difference was observed between grazing (57.2%) and stall fed (45.5%) animals. Significantly (P<0.01) less number of young (23.4%) than adult (61.6%) animals possessed metallic foreign bodies. Although 12.4% of the total positive cases showed symptoms resembling traumatic reticulo-peritonitis (TRP), only in 3.1% cases of foreign bodies were found penetrating the fore stomach wall on rumenotomy. From this study, it was concluded that every second cattle/buffalo harbour metals in its fore stomach and that significantly more number of grazing than stall fed animals are involved. Also more number of adult ruminants possesses metallic foreign bodies in their fore stomach than young stock.

References

Braun U (2003). Ultrasonography in gastrointestinal disease in cattle. Veterinary  Journal 166:112-124.

Chaudhari KS, Thorat MG, Yadav GU, Mulani JB, Suryawanshi AA and Ingale SS (2009). Role of radiological examination in diagnosis of foreign body in bovines. Veterinary World 2:321.

Deshpande KS, Krishnamurthy D, Peshin PK, Chandan TS and Nigam JM (1982). Diaphragmatic hernia in bovines. Indian Veterinary Journal 59:642-643.

Fubini SL, Ducharme NG, Erb HN and Rebhun WC (1989). Failure of omasal transport attributable to perireticular abscess formation in cattle: 29 cases (1980-1986). Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 149:811-814.

Ghanem MM (2010). A comparative study on traumatic reticuloperitonitis and traumatic pericarditis in Egyptian cattle. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 34:143-153.

Hajighahramani S and Ghane (2010). Traumatic reticuloperitonitis in cattle of Khorramabad (Center of Lorestan Provenience, West of Iran). Global Veterinaria 5:135-139.

Khan JM, Habib G and Siddiqui MM (1999). Prevalence of foreign indigestible materials in the reticulo-rumen of adult buffaloes. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 19:176-180.

Lagos P (1969). The ferroscopical investigations into the occurrence of foreign bodies in clinically healthy cattle. Veterinary Bulletin 40:856.

Pinsent J (1988). Differential diagnosis of chronic rumen tympany in cattle. In Practice 3:101-103.

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff  KW and Constable PD (2007). Veterinary Medicine, 10th Edn, WB Saunders, England.

Ramprabhu R, Dhanpalan P and Prathaban S (2003). Comprative efficacy of diagnostic test in the diagnosis of TRP and allied syndrome in cattle. Journal of Israel Veterinary Medical Association 58:2-3.

Rehage J, Kaske M, Stockhofe-Zurwieden N and Yalcin E (1995). Evaluation of the pathogenesis of vagus indigestion in cows with traumatic reticuloperitonitis. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 15:1605-1611.

Sharma AK, Lal SB and Sharma MC (1994). TRP and its management in cattle. Livestock Advisor 19:20-25.

Singh J, Singh AP and Patil  DB (1993). The Digestive System. In: Ruminal Surgery.  Eds RPS Tyagi and J Singh. CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi pp 183-224.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1989). Statistical Methods. 8th Edn, Allied Pacific Pvt Ltd, Mumbai.

Sobti VK, Singh S, Sharma SN and Sharifi D (1987). Surgical management of extra-reticular fibrous nodule in a buffalo. Indian Veterinary Journal 64:419-421.

Ward JL and Ducharme NG (1994). Traumatic reticoluperitonitis in dairy cattle. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 204:874-877.

17

17-Title: Ultrasonographic evaluation of fore-stomach in goats

Authors: Neetu Arora and TK Gahlot

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):77-80.

How to cite this manuscript: Arora Neetu and Gahlot TK (2012). Ultrasonographic evaluation of fore-stomach in goats. Ruminant Science 1(1):77-80.

Abstract

The present study was undertaken in 3 male goats, aged 1 year to evaluate the ultrasonographic anatomy of the rumen, reticulum and omasum using 2.5-5 MHz convex probe. Initially, the wall of rumen, reticulum and omasum brought from the local slaughter house of male goats was studied using a convex probe through a water filled balloon placed on these organs. The reticulum was examined ultrasonographically over the ventral abdominal area to the right of midline, over the midline and left of midline. Imaging of ruminal wall and reticulum was also attempted from intercostal spaces of goats. The transducer was placed on left ventral thoracic region for assessing reticular motility. Rumen and reticulum were visible from all sites except right 7th intercostal space where rumen was not visible. Omasum was seen through right 6th and 7th intercostal space and right paramedian site. A characteristic biphasic contraction cycle showing reticular motility was seen in all experimental animals. One biphasic reticular contraction per minute was recorded during a 10 minute observation period.

References

Braun U (1997). Atlas and Lehrbuch der Ultraschalldiagnostik beim Rind. Parey Buchnerlag, Berlin.

Braun U (2003). Ultrasonography in gastrointestinal disease in cattle. Veterinary Journal 166 (2):112-24.

Braun U (2004). Diagnostic ultrasonography in bovine internal diseases. Proceedings of 23rd World Buiatrics Congress Quebec, Canada, July 11-16.

Braun U and Hausammann K (1992). Ultrasonographic examination of the liver in sheep. American Journal of Veterinary Research 53:198-202.

Braun U and Gotz M (1994). Ultrasonography of reticulum in cows. American Journal of Veterinary Research 55(3):325-332.

Braun U and Jacquat D (2011). Ultrasonography of the omasum in 30 Saanen goats. BMC Veterinary Research 7:11

Dziuk HE and McCauley EH (1965). Comparison of ruminoreticular motility patterns in cattle, sheep and goats. American Journal of Physiology 209:324-328.

Dyce KM, Sack WO, Cornelis J and Gerardus W (2002). Anatomy of goat. In: Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy. 3rd Edn, WB Saunderds Company, Philadelphia pp 341-342.

Gotz M (1992). Sonographische Untersuchungen an der Haube des Rindes. Dr Med Vet Thesis submitted to Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zurich.

Kaske M, Midasch A and Rehage J (1994). Sonographic investigation of reticular contractions in healthy sheep, cows and in cows with traumatic reticuloperitonitis. Zentralbl Veterinarmed A 41(10):748-56.

Kumar M, Mohindroo J, Kumar A and Singh SS (2006a). Ultrasonographic findings of reticulophrenic adhesions in Bovines. Proceedings of National Symposium and XXX Annual Congress of ISVS, Bidar, November 2-4.

Kumar M, Mohindroo J, Kumar A and Singh SS (2006b). Ultrasonographic findings of diffused peritonitis in buffaloes. Proceedings of National Symposium and XXX Annual Congress of ISVS, Bidar, November 2-4.

Mohindroo J, Kumar A, Sangwan V, Udehiya R and Singh SS (2006). Ultrasonographic features of normal omasum in buffaloes. Proceedings of National Symposium and XXX Annual Congress of ISVS, Bidar, November 2-4.

Mohindroo J, Kumar A, Sangwan V, Udheiya R and Singh SS (2008). Ultrasonographic evaluation of the omasum in cows and buffaloes. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound (49)3:295-299.

Navarre CB and Pugh DG (2002). Diseases of gastrointestinal system. In: Sheep and Goat Medicine. Eds DG Pugh, 1st Edn, WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia pp 69-105.

Ramprabhu R, Prathaban S, George RS and Dhanapalan P (2002). Ultrasonographic diagnosis of a reticular abscess in the goat. Israel Veterinary Medical Association 57(4):90-96.

Rathore VS (2007). Ultrasonographic evaluation of forestomach in buffalo calves. MVSc Thesis submitted to RAU, Bikaner.

Scott PR (2007). Digestive System. In: Sheep Medicine. Eds Philip R Scott. Manson Publishing Ltd, UK pp 99-136.

16

16-Title: Effect of environmental conditions on the activities of aminotransferases and lactate dehydrogenase in goats

Authors: Manish Mahawar, AK Jain and Puneet Kumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):73-76.

How to cite this manuscript: Mahawar Manish, Jain AK and Kumar Puneet (2012). Effect of environmental conditions on the activities of aminotransferases and lactate dehydrogenase in goats. Ruminant Science 1(1):73-76.

Abstract

The activities of glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum of healthy bucks of Jamunapari and Marwari breeds of goats were determined. A total 176 serum samples from Jamunapari and Marwari bucks were collected in cool (MDT, MVP and RH; 14.40° C, 9.63 mm Hg and 55-70%), moderate (MDT, MVP and RH; 22.20 oC, 10.50 mm Hg and 30-40%) and hot (MDT, MVP and RH; 33.13 oC, 25.97 mm Hg and 60-75%) environmental periods of the year to estimate activities of GOT, GPT and LDH. Activities of both GPT and LDH were observed significantly (P<0.05) higher in moderate and cool periods than that in hot period but highest activities of both enzymes were noted during moderate period in both the breeds. However, activity of GOT was not significantly (P>0.05) different between periods.

References

Baumgartner W and Pernthaner A (1994). Influence of age, season and pregnancy upon blood parameters in Austrian Karakul sheep. Small Ruminant Research 13(2):147-151.

Biagi G, Bagliaca M, Leto A and Romagnoli A (1988). The use of metabolic profile tests in a Saanen goat herd. Ann Fac Med Vet Pisa XLI:395-410.

Chieriacto G, Schiappelli MP and Warfa AA (1986). Studies on plasma enzymes and electrolytes of male and female goats. Clin Vet 109:159-162.

Cissik  JH, Hankins GD, Snyder RR, Ehler  WJ  and Pierson  WA (1987). Reference standards and the physiological significance of the pregnant goat (Capra hircus) as a human model in obstetrical research. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 88A:533-537.

Crist WL, Ludwick TM, Brun EW and Davis DR (1967). Effects of season, stages of lactation, stage of gestation and level of milk production on serum transaminase activity in cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 50(6):998.

Georgie GC, Chand D and Razdan MN (1973). Seasonal changes in plasma cholesterol and serum alkaline phosphatase and transaminases activities in cross-bred cattle. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 11(5):448-450.

Hussain SO, Al-Badry KI, Al-Janabi AS and Asofi MK (1999). Seasonal changes in serum enzymes of male goats. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 5(3):535-538.

Jager-B Loh A (1986). Changes in physiological values during one year in clinically healthy East Friesian ewes. Inaug Dis, Tierarz, Hoch Hann Germ Fed Repb p 91.

Kataria N, Bhatia JS and Ghoshal AK (1991). Serum dehydrogenase levels of camel (Camelus dromedarius) in relation to climatic conditions, sex and age. Indian Veterinary Medical  Journal 15(4):316-318.

Kataria AK, Kataria N, Bhatia JS and Ghosal AK (1993). Blood metabolic profile of Marwari goats in relation to seasons. Indian Veterinary Journal 70(8):761-762.

King J (1965). Practical Clinical Enzymology. Van Nostrand Comp Ltd London, p 87.

Kumar R, Jindal R and Rattan PJS (1991). Seasonal variations of some of the plasma enzymes in buffalo heifers. Indian Journal of Animal Science 61(2):185-186.

Lehninger AL, Nelson DL and Cox MM (1993). Principles of Biochemistry. CBS Publisher and Distributor, New Delhi, India.

Mbassa GK, Monard J, Willeberg P and Poulson JSD (1989). Sensitivity and specificity studies for the clinical chemical field evaluation of parasitic infections using a model of caprine schistosomiasis. Proc Tanz Vet Assoc Conf 7:201-206.

Okab AB, Elebanna IM, Mekkawy MY, Hassan GA, El-Nouty FD and Salem MH (1993). Seasonal changes in plasma thyroid hormones, total lipids, cholesterol and serum transaminases during pregnancy and at parturition in Barki  and Rahmani ewes. Indian Journal of Animal Science 63(9):946-951.

Reitman S and Frankel S (1957). A colorimetric method for the determination of serum glutamic oxaloacetate and glutamic pyruvate transaminase. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 28:56-63.

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Shaffer L, Roussel JD and Koonce KL (1981). Effects of age, temperature-season and breed on blood characteristics of dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 64:62-70.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1967). Statistical Methods. 6th Edn, Iowa State University Press, USA.

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Vihan VS and Rai P (1987). Certain haematological and biochemical attributes during pregnancy, parturition and post-parturition periods in sheep and goats. Indian Journal of Animal Science 57(11):1200-1204.

15

15-Title: Trace element profiles of postpartum Mehsana buffaloes with hormonal treatment

Authors: SS Parikh, BN Suthar, HC Nakhashi, VK Sharma and VR Parmar

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):67-71.

How to cite this manuscript: Parikh SS, Suthar BN, Nakhashi HC, Sharma VK and Parmar VR (2012). Trace element profiles of postpartum Mehsana buffaloes with hormonal treatment. Ruminant Science 1(1):67-71.

Abstract

The investigation on blood plasma trace elements in twelve Mehsana buffaloes of more than one parity was carried out. The samples were collected from the day “0” (day of calving), 5th, 10th, 15th, 20th and 40th day postpartum in control (n=6) and treatment (n=6) group. In treatment group, buffaloes were treated with prostaglandin F2a injection at 5th day after parturition whereas control group buffaloes were received PBS. The PGF2a treatment affected the circulating plasma levels of copper, zinc, manganese during the period of involution of genital organs and enhanced the involution process in comparison to control group.

References

Chauhan FS and Nderingo NE (1997). Seasonal variations in mineral elements of soil pasture and blood serum in different phases of normal reproduction in dairy cattle. Indian Veterinary Journal 74(1):32-34.

Chauhan FS, Nderingo NE and Fredinand (1992). Seasonal variation in mineral elements of soil, pasture and blood in normal and abnormal reproduction in cows. Compendium 10th National Symposium of ISSAR, Madras, p 28.

Devraj M (1982). Blood serum profile in calves and post-partum buffaloes (Surti breed) with associated peridata to reproductive efficiency. PhD Thesis Submitted to Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand.

Galdhar CN, Ingawale MV, Samad A and Bakshi SA (2004). Impact of micronutrients in dairy animal reproduction. Intas Polivet 5(2):235-239.

Hidiroglou M (1979). Trace element deficiencies and fertility in ruminants: A review. Journal of Dairy Science 62(8):1195-1206.

Koetsveld Van EE (1958). Diergeneesk 83:229 (Fide Underwood EJ 1962, 2nd Edn, Trace Elements in Human and Animal nutrition p 83).

Kumar R, Sharma IJ and Agrawal RG (2000). Periparturient levels of certain organic and inorganic components in the blood of cows and buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 21(2):117-120.

Malik MY (1987). Buffalo reproduction. Proceedings Islamabad, March 16-20 p 525.

Nakhashi HC (2006). Fertility management in postpartum Mehsani buffaloes through clinical, biochemical and hormonal investigations. PhD Thesis submitted to Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat.

Oser BL (1979). Hawk’s Physiological Chemistry. 14th Edn, McGrew Hill Books Co, Bombay.

Pande MB, Desai HB and Shukla PC (1978). Studies on hematology and serum mineral constituents of Mehsani buffaloes. Gujvet 9(1-2):43-47.

Patel PM, Dhami AJ, Savaliya FP and Ramani VP (2006). Postpartum profile of certain trace animals in Holstein Friesian cows with and without hormone therapy under tropical climate. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 27(2):19-24.

Rajora VS and Pachauri SP (1994). Blood profiles in pre-parturient and post-parturient cows and in milk-fever cases. Indian Journal Animal Science 64:31-34.

Ram PR (2006). Studies on certain biochemical and hormonal profiles in plasma pertained to pregnant and postpartum Kankrej cows. MVSc Thesis submitted to Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat.

Rojas MA, Dyer IA and Cassatt WA (1965). Manganese deficiency in the bovine. Journal of Animal Science 24:664-67.

Sato N and Henkin RI (1973). Pituitary gonadal regulation of copper and zinc metabolism in the female rat. American Journal of Physiology 225:508.

Shah RG (1999). Hormonal and biochemical profile in fertile and infertile postpartum Surti buffaloes. PhD Thesis submitted to Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand, India.

Singh A, Saxena, MS and Prasad JK (2004). Levels of trace minerals, glucose and haemoglobin in relation to occurrence of post parturient oestrum in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 25(1):58-60.

Singh R, Singh SPS, Singh R and Setia MS (1991). Distribution of trace elements in blood, plasma and erythrocytes during different stages of gestation in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Buffalo Journal 7(1):77-85.

Snedecor GW and Cochran KG (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th Edn, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi, India.

Underwood EJ (1962). Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition. 2nd Edn, Academic Press, New York.

Underwood EJ (1977). Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition. 4th Edn, Academic Press, New York.

Valee BL and Wacker WEC (1976). In: The Proteins. Vol 5. Academic Press, New York.

14

14-Title: Efficacy of different route of administration and doses of dinoprost in estrus induction/ synchronization in subestrus Murrah buffaloes

Authors: MK Shukla and Abhishek Garg

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):63-65.

How to cite this manuscript: Shukla MK and Garg Abhishek (2012). Efficacy of different route of administration and doses of dinoprost in estrus induction/ synchronization in subestrus Murrah buffaloes. Ruminant Science 1(1):63-65.

Abstract

Post-partum lactating Murrah buffaloes that had calved more than 4-6 months back and not evidencing overt estrus were induced to estrus by the administration of either 25 mg Dinoprost intra muscularly (Group I), 10 mg Dinoprost intra uterine (Group II), 10 mg Dinoprost by intra vulvo sub mucosal route (Group III) or 2 ml distilled water i/m (Group IV/Control). The proportion of buffaloes evidencing estrus was 80%, 70%, 80% and 20% for Groups I, II, III and IV respectively. Significantly (P<0.01) lower proportion of untreated control animals evidenced estrus compared to treated buffaloes. Estrus occurred within 68.5±5.07, 53.25±8.26, 58.00±4.03 and 69.5±3.62 hours of the second prostaglandin injection, respectively in Groups I, II, III and IV which was not statistically different. The proportion of buffaloes that conceived on breeding with buffalo bulls was 37.5, 42.86, 50% and 50% for Group I, II, III and IV, respectively. 

References

Bhatt VM, Thakur MS, Pandit PK and Gour AK (1993). Oestrus induction and fertility following intrauterine infusion of Prostaglandin F2alpha and Lugols iodine in subestrous crossbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 14:37-38.

Chatterjee A, Kharche KG and Thakur MS (1989). Use of prostaglandin in treatment of subestrous in crossbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 10:185-187.

Chauhan FS, Sharma RD and Singh GB (1982). Response of different doses of PGF2alpha on estrous induction, fertility and progesterone levels in subestrous buffaloes. Theriogenology 17:247-253.

Dugwekar YG, Patel DM, Sarvaiya NP and Patel AV (2003). Induction and synchronization of estrous in Jersey cows treated with PGF2alpha by two different routes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 24:163-164.

Gordon I (1996). Controlled Reproduction in Cattle and Buffaloes. 1st Edn CAB International.

Hafez ESE (1987). Reproduction in Farm Animals. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

Jacob TC, Madhavan E and Iyer CPM (1995). Oestrus induction using PGF2alpha in crossbred cows with postpartum clinical endometritis. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 16: 99-100.

Krishnakishore K and Subramanian A (1999). Effect of low dose of PGF2alpha through i.v.s.m. route on estrous induction and fertility in cross bred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 20: 86-87.

Nanda AS (1986). Use of prostaglandins in enhancing bovine fertility. In: Recent Advances in Animal Reproduction and Gynaecology. 1st Edn, USG Publishers, Ludhiana, pp 86-98.

Patel TN, Suthar BN, Sharma VK, Panchal MT and Kavani FS (2005). Effects of administration of PGF2alpha by different routes to induce the estrus in subestrus Mehsani buffaloes. Compendium national seminar on recent advances in conservation of biodiversity and augmentation of reproduction and production in farm animals. March 5-7.

Pawshe CH, Kadu MS and Fasihuddin M (1991). Efficiency of PGF2alpha (Dinoprost) using two routes of administration on estrous synchronization in crossbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 12:172-174.

Singh OV and Dabas YPS (1998). Synchronization of estrous in Murrah buffaloes with Prostaglandins to augment milk production in lean period. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 19:93-94.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1994). Statistical Methods.  The Iowa State Univ Press, USA.

Tihar MN, Bajwa MA, Latif M, Nushtaq M and Shah MH (1981). Effect of insemination dose and season on conception rate in buffaloes. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 1:161-163.

13

13-Title: Biochemical attributes of cattle and buffalo bull semen: A comparative study

Authors: Vijay Pandey, Rajesh Nigam, Atul Saxena, Pawanjit Singh, Ambika Sharma, Dilip Kumar Swain, Lokesh Sharma and Shilpi Dixit

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):59-62.

How to cite this manuscript: Pandey Vijay, Nigam Rajesh, Saxena Atul, Singh Pawanjit, Sharma Ambika, Swain Dilip Kumar, Sharma Lokesh and  Dixit Shilpi (2012). Biochemical attributes of cattle and buffalo bull semen: A comparative study. Ruminant Science 1(1):59-62.

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to establish the baseline semen biochemical indices as well as the difference in two species if any for Hariyana cattle and Bhadawari buffalo bulls. Six fertile, healthy adult Hariyana bulls and Bhadawari buffalo bulls aged between 2 to 4 years were used as semen donors. Twenty four semen samples (four ejaculates of each animals) were collected from bulls by using Artificial Vagina in the morning hours and immediately after collection, seminal plasma was separated by centrifugation. The results showed significantly higher values of AST, ALP, amylase, cholesterol and triglycerides in buffalo bulls as compared to bulls.  

References

Abdou MSS, El-Guindi MM, El-Menoufy AA and Zaki K (1978). Enzymic profile of the semen of bovines (Bubalus bubalis and Bos taurus). II Parallelism between acid and alakaline phosphatase and various measures of semen quality. Zbl Vet Med A 25:814.

Aguirre SM, Capaul EG, Luca LD and Cinque M (1988). Total and non-prostatic acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatise activity in bull and ram semen. Verterinaria Argentina 5:282-287.

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12

12-Title: Efficiency of benzyl penicillin and streptomycin against normal bacterial flora of freshly collected and frozen Kankrej bull semen

Authors: BR Patel and GM Siddiquee

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):55-58.

How to cite this manuscript: Patel BR and Siddiquee GM (2012). Efficiency of benzyl penicillin and streptomycin against normal bacterial flora of freshly collected and frozen Kankrej bull semen. Ruminant Science 1(1):55-58.

Abstract

The objective of the present investigation was to determine the bacterial flora of freshly collected and frozen semen from six clinically healthy Kankrej bulls using ten ejaculates from each bull for ten weeks. In the present study, 60 neat and 60 frozen semen samples were inoculated on brain heart infusion agar (BHI) at 37 °C for 24 hours. Out of 60 neat samples, 13 (21.66 %) samples were positive for gram positive cocci, 22 (36.66 %) samples were positive for gram negative bacilli and remaining 25 (41.66 %) samples were negative for any bacterial growth, whereas out of 60 frozen semen samples, all the samples were negative for bacterial growth. It can be concluded that freshly collected Kankrej bull semen contains normal bacterial flora, which are non pathogenic and sensitive against benzyl penicillin and streptomycin added to the semen dilutors.

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8

8-Title: Status and pattern of animal health delivery services provided by veterinary officers in arid zone of Rajasthan

Authors: Devi Singh Rajput and Hema Tripathi

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):37-43.

How to cite this manuscript: Rajput Devi Singh and Tripathi Hema (2012). Status and pattern of animal health delivery services provided by veterinary officers in arid zone of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 1(1):37-43.

Abstract

The present investigation discusses the status of animal health delivery services provided by veterinary officers (VOs) in arid zone of Rajasthan, India. The present study was conducted in two purposively selected districts viz. Bikaner and Jaisalmer from arid zone of Rajasthan. The data were collected from twelve veterinary officers providing animal health services in twelve veterinary hospitals selected from four identified tehsils of two districts. The study highlighted that most of the VOs were male and possessed more than ten years of service experiences. Average number of cases attended at veterinary hospital was found to be more than the case attended at doorstep service. Average number of cases of small ruminants handled was found more than large ruminants, camel and other livestock species both at hospitals and doorstep. Tremendous improvement was reported for various livestock development programmes, recruitment of staff in veterinary hospitals and provision of government help during calamities.

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