Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India

Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India

Title: Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India

Authors: Mahender Milind, Bincy Joseph, DK Sharma, Abhishek Gaurav, MC Sharma, Chandan Prakash, Karishma Rathore and Pooja Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(1):133-136.

Cite this reference as: Milind Mahender, Joseph Bincy, Sharma DK, Gaurav Abhishek, Sharma MC, Prakash Chandan, Rathore Karishma and Patel Pooja (2017). Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India. Ruminant Science 6(1):133-136.

Abstract

The present study describes the seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus infection in goats in five districts of southern Rajasthan of India by screening random samples during 2016-2017. A total of 505 serum samples were collected from five districts (Udaipur=72; Dungarpur=130; Chittorgargh=104; Rajsamand=119; Banswara=80; Chittorgargh=104) of southern Rajasthan. The serum samples were screened for PPRV specific antibodies using PPR monoclonal antibody based competitive ELISA. An overall seroprevalence of 58.13%, 42.18% and 49.35% in vaccinated (n=172), unvaccinated (n=256) and groups of unknown (n=77) vaccination history was recorded. The random survey results of unvaccinated (42.18%) have implications in epidemiological perspective, since it highlights the exact PPR prevalence under natural situations where subclinical, inapparent or recovery of infection was suspected in goats. This study showed varying antibody levels in the affected districts reflecting the infection and vaccination profile of the herds. There is evidence of seroconversion to the vaccine and seroprevalence to the circulationg virus suggesting the level of vaccine coverage is inadequate to achieve herd immunity.

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