Surgical management of congenital contracted flexor

Surgical management of congenital contracted flexor tendon in a Murrah cross bred calf

28-Title: Surgical management of congenital contracted flexor tendon in a Murrah cross bred calf

Authors: Jobanjit Singh and Jasmeen Kaur

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):271-272

How to cite this manuscript: Singh Jobanjit and Kaur Jasmeen (2019). Surgical management of congenital contracted flexor tendon in a Murrah cross bred calf. Ruminant Science 8(2):271-272.


Anderson DE, Desrochers A and Jean GS (2008). Management of tendon disorders in cattle. Veterinary Clinics: Food Animal Practice 24(3):551-66.

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Krishnamurthy D (1993). The musculoskeletal system- Tendons and ligaments. In: Ruminant Surgery. Eds: Tyagi RPS and Singh J. 1st Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi. 309-10.

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Turner AS (1984). Surgery of tendons and ligaments. In: Large Animals Surgery. Philadelphia, PA. Saunders Company 917-29.

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Surgical correction of polydactyly of hind limbs in a 10 day old calf

Surgical correction of polydactyly of hind limbs in a 10 day old calf: A case report

31-Title: Surgical correction of polydactyly of hind limbs in a 10 day old calf: A case report

Authors: Akash, Mamta Mishra, Tushar Rawat, Mohar Singh, Rajesh Kumar and M Hoque

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):279-280.

How to cite this manuscript: Akash, Mishra Mamta, Rawat Tushar, Singh Mohar, Kumar Rajesh and Hoque M (2019). Surgical correction of polydactyly of hind limbs in a 10 day old calf: A case report. Ruminant Science 8(2):279-280.


Alam MR, Lee JI, Lee HB, Ko JJ, Lee KC and Kim NS (2007). Supernumerary ectopic limbs in Korean indigenous cattle: Four case reports. Veterinarni Medicina 52:202.

Bahr C, Wittenberg K and Distl O (2003). Case report: Polydactyly in a German Holstein calf. Dtsch Tierärztl Wochenschr 110:330-335.

Basha K Mohammed Arif, Shivaraju S, Surendra DS, Sahu Swarupananda, Binduja BV and Amarpal (2018). Surgical management of bilateral polydactyly in a HF cross bred calf. Ruminant Science 7(1):159-160.

Carstanjen B, Abitbol M and Desbois C (2007). Bilateral polydactyly in a foal. Journal of Veterinary Science 8:201-203.

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Giofre F, Caracciolo V, Zanotti M, Polli M and De Giovanni AM (2004). Polydactyly in a Murgese horse: A case report. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 24:248-250.

Johnson JL, Leipold HW, Schalles RR, Guffy MM, Peeples JG, Castleberry RS and Schneider HJ (1981). Hereditary polydactyly in Simmental cattle. Journal of Heredity 72:205-208.

Johnson JL, Leipold JW, Guffy MM, Dennis SM, Schalles RR and Mueller MS (1982). Characterization of bovine polydactyly. Bovine Practitioners 3:7.

Mather DB (1987). Polydactyly in calves. Veterinary Record 120:487.

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Murondoti A and Busayi RM (2001). Perineomelia, polydactyly and other malformations in a Mashona calf. Veterinary Record 148:512.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S and Pandey RP (2015). Congenital anomalies and their surgical management in ruminants. Ruminant Science 4(1):121-130.

Vermunt JJ, Burbidge HM and Thompson KG (2000).Unusual congenital deformities of the lower limb in two calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 48:192-194.

Villagomez DA and Alonso RA (1998). A distinct mendelian autosomal recessive syndrome involving the association of anotia, palate agenesis, bifid tongue, and polydactyly in the dog. Canadian Veterinary Journal 39:642-643.

Successful therapeutic management of onion toxicosis induced

Successful therapeutic management of onion toxicosis induced hemolytic anaemia in bovine

14-Title: Successful therapeutic management of onion toxicosis induced hemolytic anaemia in bovine

Authors: AU Bhikane, KS Kedar, RK Jadhav, SG Chavhan and YM Wankhede

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):209-212

How to cite this manuscript: Bhikane AU, Kedar KS, Jadhav RK, Chavhan SG and Wankhede YM (2019). Successful therapeutic management of onion toxicosis induced hemolytic anaemia in bovine. Ruminant Science 8(2):209-212.


Onion (Allium cepa) poisoning is an acute afebrile condition observed in farm animals due to the accidental ingestion of a large number of onions and clinically characterized by haemoglobinemia, haemoglobinuria and anaemia. Three cases of bovine including two bulls and one buffalo were presented with a history of the feeding of onions for three days. Clinical examination revealed passage of coffee-coloured urine, dullness, inappetence, suspended rumination, pallor of mucosae, straining during defaecation, scanty faeces, subnormal body temperature, increased heart rate and respiration. Haemato-biochemical analysis showed a severe decrease in Hb, TEC and PCV values with marginally elevated serum total bilirubin, urea nitrogen, and creatinine. Blood smear examination showed the absence of haemoprotozoan infections and the presence of numerous Heinz bodies. The cases were confirmed for onion toxicosis based on history, clinical signs and haemato-biochemical analysis and successfully treated with Vitamin E & Se @ 10 ml SC for 5 days, Dextrose 20% @ 500 ml slow IV BID for 5 days, B complex @ 7.5 ml IM SID for 10 days and haematinic bolus @ 1 PO BID for 20 days. Gradual improvement in treated animals was observed over a period of 5 days with the disappearance of haemoglobinuria, resumption of feed intake, rumination and absence of straining during defaecation.


Aslani MR, Mohri M and Movassaghi AR (2005). Heinz body anaemia associated with onion (Allium cepa) toxicosis in a flock of sheep. Comparative Clinical Pathology 14:118-120.

Bhikane AU, Ghadage HR and Hase PB (2011). Treatment of onion poisoning in bullocks. Indian Veterinary Journal 88:61-62.

Borelli V, Lucioli J, Furlan FH, Hoepers PG, Roveda JF, Traverso SD and Gava A (2009). Fatal onion (Allium cepa) toxicosis in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigations 21:402-405.

Chakrabarti A and Basak DN (1994). Onion poisoning in a heifer-A case report. Livestock Adviser 9:36.

El-Sayyed YS, El-Okle OSM, Hassan SMH and Bakir NMA (2015). Poisoning of cattle feeding on Allium ampeloprasu (Egyptian Kurrat). Journal of Veterinary Science and Medical Diagnosis 4:2-4.

Hutchison TWS (1977). Onions as a cause of Heinz body anaemia and death in cattle. Canadian Veterinary Journal 8:358-360.

Kasai E (1996). Mechanism of oxidative damage and species difference in erythrocytes oxidized by sodium N-propylthiosulfate, a causative agent of onion induced hemolytic anaemia. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research 44(1):37.

Lazarus AE and Rajamani S (1968). Poisoning due to onion spoilage in cattle. Indian Veterinary Journal 45(10):877-880.

Munday R and Manns E (1994). Comparative toxicity of propenyl disulfides derived from Alliaceae: Possible involvement of 1-propenyl-disulfides in onion-induced hemolytic anaemia. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 42:59-62.

Ogawa E, Akahori F and Kobayashi K (1985). In vitro studies on the breakdown of canine erythrocytes exposed to the onion extract. Nihon Juigaku Zasshi 47:719-729.

Patil NA, Satbige A, Ingale YS, Halmandge S and Kasaralikar VR (2019). Onion toxicosis in buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin 3(2):389-391.

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2010). Veterinary Medicine. 10thEdn, pp 451, 1881-1882.

Rae HA (1999). Onion poisoning in a herd of beef cattle. Canadian Veterinary Journal 40:55- 57.

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Salgado BS, Monteiro LN and Rocha NS (2011). Allium species poisoning in dogs and cats. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxin Including Tropical Diseases 17:4-11.

Van Der Kolk JH (2000). Onion poisoning in a herd of dairy cattle. Veterinary Record 28:517-518.

Yamato O, Hayashi M, Kasai E, Tajima M, Yamasaki M and  Maede Y (1999).  Reduced glutathione accelerates the oxidative damage produced by sodium n-propylthiosulfate, one of the causative agents of onion-induced hemolytic anaemia in dogs. Biochim Biophys Acta 1427(2):175-182.

Sero-status of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infections

Sero-status of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infections in Bihar, India

11.Title: Sero-status of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infections in Bihar, India

Authors: Pankaj Kumar, Pallav Shekhar, Purushottam Kaushik, Anjay, Ramesh Tiwary,                   Diwakar Hemadri and SS Patil

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):197-200

How to cite this manuscript: Kumar Pankaj, Shekhar Pallav, Kaushik Purushottam, Anjay, Tiwary Ramesh, Hemadri Diwakar and Patil SS (2019). Sero-status of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infections in Bihar, India. Ruminant Science 8(2):197-200.


Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) is the causative agent of Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), which is a contagious disease primarily affecting cattle. Infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, infectious pustular balanoposthitis and abortion in cattle are other clinical manifestations of BoHV-1 infection.  The present study was conducted with an aim to monitor sero-status of BoHV-1 in cattle and buffalo population of Bihar. A total of 190 cattle and buffalo sera samples collected from 14 districts of Bihar were subjected to avidin-biotin ELISA for BoHV-1. The overall sero-positivity was found to be 46.84%. The sero-positivity in cattle population was recorded to be 57.52% as against 45.28 % in buffaloes. Age wise sero-positivity was recorded the highest at 51.75% in animals of more than 3 years of age. Sero-positivity for BoHV-1 antibodies as high as 60-80%, was recorded in five (5) out of the 14 districts of the state under study. The result indicating almost 50% of sero-positivity for BoHV-1 antibodies appears to be alarming which warrants further suitable initiatives to be taken to control the spread of this economically important viral infection.


Ackermann M and Engels M (2006). Pro and contra IBR-eradication. Veterinary Microbiology 113:293-302.

Ananthakrishna LR, Kamboj Aman, Saini Mohini and Gupta PK (2015). Characterization of extracellular domain of glycoprotein e gene of an Indian isolate of bovine herpes virus-1. Ruminant Science 4(1):15-20.

Boelaert F, Speybroeck N, de Kruif A, Aerts M, Burzykowski T, Molenberghs G and Berkvens DL (2005). Risk factors for bovine herpesvirus-1 seropositivity. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 69:285-295.

Graham D A (2013). Bovine herpes virus-1 (BoHV-1) in cattle-A review with emphasis on reproductive impacts and the emergence of infection in Ireland and the United Kingdom. Irish Veterinary Journal 66(1):15.

Guarino H, Nunez A, Repiso MV, Gil A and Dargatz DA (2008). Prevalence of serum antibodies to bovine herpesvirus-1 and bovine viral diarrhea virus in beef cattle in Uruguay. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 85:34-40.

Hage JJ, Schukken YH, Barkema HW, Benedictus G, Rijsewijk FA and Wentink GH (1996). Population dynamics of bovine herpesvirus 1 infection in dairy herd. Veterinary Microbiology 53:169-180

Jones C (2003). Herpes simplex virus type 1 and bovine herpesvirus 1 latency. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 16(1):79-95.

Jones C and Chowdhury S (2010). Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) is an important cofactor in the bovine respiratory disease complex. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 26:303-321.

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Patil SS, Prajapati A, Krishnamoorthy P, Desai GS, Reddy GBM, Suresh KP and Rahman H (2017). Seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinnotracheitis in organized dairy farms of India. Indian Journal of Animal Research 51(1):151-1544

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Reproductive performance of goats under field condition in Jabalpur

Reproductive performance of goats under field condition in Jabalpur

9-Title: Reproductive performance of goats under field condition in Jabalpur

Authors: NK Shakya, SN Shukla, OP Shrivastava and P Inwati

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):189-190

How to cite this manuscript: Shakya NK, Shukla SN, Shrivastava OP and Inwati P (2019). Reproductive performance of goats under field condition in Jabalpur. Ruminant Science 8(2):189-190.


The effect of season on breeding performance was studied in 208 goats maintained under unorganized rearing system in Jabalpur (M.P). Highest breeding in goats (n=208) in unorganized rearing system was recorded during November (22.12%) and lowest during September (4.80%). A highly significant difference was recorded between different seasons with the highest per cent breeding occurring during the winter season (46.15%) as compared to summer (28.37%) and the rainy season (25.48%). The retrospective study of reproductive parameters revealed kidding rate and foetal loss rate to be 89.42% and 10.57%, respectively with an average kidding interval of 320.25 days. Also, the average litter size was recorded to be 1.16 with twins and triplet rate of 14.90% and 5.76%, respectively. It can be concluded from the present study that the highest percentage of breeding occurs during the winter season in goats reared in the tropical climate.


Akar Y (2013). Reproductive performance of Saanen goats under rural or intensive management systems in Elazig Region Turkey. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 33(1):45-47.

Chowdhury SA, Bhuiyan MSA and Faruk S (2002). Rearing Black Bengal goat under semi-intensive management: Physiological and reproductive performances. Asian Australian Journal of Animal Science 15(4):477-484.

Engelanda IV, Waldeland H, Andresen E, Loken T, Camilla B and Inge B (1998). Foetal loss in dairy goats: An epidemiological study in 22 herds. Small Ruminant Research 30:37-48.

Fatet A, Pellicer-Rubio MT and  Leboeuf B (2011). Reproductive cycle of goats. Animal Reproduction Science 124:211-219.

Loken T (1990). Pestivirus infections in Norway- Epidemiological studies in goats. Journal of Comparative Pathology 103(1):1-10.

Mordia Anil, Sharma MC, Gurjar ML and Nagda RK (2018). Existing breeding and feeding practices of goat in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 7(2):297-300.

Mukasa-Mugerwa E, Anindo D, Lahlou-Kassi A, Mituga ER and Sovani S (1993). Seasonal variation in ovarian and oestrous activity of tropical Menz sheep as affected by plane of nutrition. Reproduction Nutrition Development 33:585-595.

Prasad SP and Bhattacharyya NK (1979). Oestrous cycle and behaviour in different seasons in Barbari nannies. Indian Journal of Animal Science 49:969. 

Rivera  GM,  Alanis GA, C haves, MA,  Ferrero SB and  Morello HH (2003). Seasonality of estrus and ovulation in Creole goats of Argentina. Small Ruminant Research 48(2):109-117.

Sachdeva KK, Sengar OPS, Singh SN and Lindahl IL (1973). Studies on goats: I. Effect of plane of nutrition on the reproductive performance of does. Journal of Agriculture Science 80:375.

Vandana, Palod Jyoti, Kumar Brijesh and Singh DV (2013).  Kidding pattern of pantja goat under farm condition. Ruminant Science 2(2):211-213.

Zarazaga LA, Guzman JL, Domínguez C, Perez  MC and   Prieto R (2005). Effect of plane of nutrition on seasonality of reproduction in Spanish Payoya goats. Animal Reproduction Science 87(3-4):253-267.

Pathomorphological study of coccidiosis in goats (Capra hircus)

Pathomorphological study of coccidiosis in goats

17-Title: Pathomorphological study of coccidiosis in goats (Capra hircus)

Authors: DK Jolhe, Poornima Gumasta, RC Ghosh, Devesh Kumar Giri, Chandrahas Sannat, Shubhangi Argade and Deepak Prajapati

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):221-224

How to cite this manuscript: Jolhe DK, Gumasta Poornima, Ghosh RC, Giri Devesh Kumar, Sannat Chandrahas, Argade Shubhangi and Prajapati Deepak (2019). Pathomorphological study of coccidiosis in goats (Capra hircus). Ruminant Science 8(2):221-224.



Coccidiosis is a contagious protozoal disease with worldwide distribution. In this study, a total of 21 adult goats (Capra hircus) has been encounter for detailed post-mortem examination. At necropsy, 13 out of 21 animals were found positive for coccidial oocysts by cytosmear examination of intestinal scrapping. Prevalence of coccidiosis reported as 61.9 per cent. Gross lesions were observed mostly in the distal part of the jejunum and the ileum included thickened mucosa, slight to well raised small plaques and whitish nodules visible from the serosal surface of the intestine. Histopathological examination of intestine around nodular lesions revealed papillary hyperplasia of the mucosal epithelium with a moderate inflammatory reaction. The most prominent microscopic lesion was proliferative enteritis. The various developmental stages of coccidial species were seen in the epithelium of affected villi and crypts of the intestine.


Chartier C and Paraud C (2012). Coccidiosis due to Eimeria in sheep and goats-A review. Small Ruminant Research 103:84-92.

Dixit Pooja, Rao MLV, Dixit AK and Shukla PC (2016). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in goat kids in Jabalpur. Ruminant Science 5(1):39-42.

Gelberg  HB (2012). Alimentary system and the peritoneum, omentum, mesentery and peritoneal cavity. In: Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease, Eds: JF Zachary and MD Mcgavin. 5th Edn, Elsevier Mosby Inc, St Louis, Missouri, pp 396-397.

Hashemnia M, Khodakaram-Tafti A, Razavi SM and Nazifi S (2012). Experimental caprine coccidiosis caused by Eimeria arloingi: Morphopathologic and electron microscopic studies. Veterinary Research Communication 36:47-55.

Jamra Nirmala, Das G, Agrawal V, Jayraw AK, Jamra MS and Jatav GP (2017). Gastrointestinal parasitism in buffaloes from Nimar region of Madhya Pradesh. Ruminant Science 6(2):299-303.

Jubb KVF, Kennedy PC and Palmer N (2007). Pathology of Domestic Animals. 5th Edn, Academic Press Inc, Saunders Elsevier.

Kheirandish R, Nourollahi-Fard SR and Yadegari Z (2014). Prevalence and pathology of coccidiosis in goats in southeastern Iran. Journal of Parasitic Diseases 38(1):27-31.

Khodakaram-Tafti A and Hashemnia M (2017). An overview of intestinal coccidiosis in sheep and goats. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 168:9-20.

Nourollahi-Fard SR, Khedr J, Ghashghaei O, Mohammadyari  N and Sharif H (2016). The prevalence of ovine Eimeria infection in Rudsar, North of Iran, (2011-2012). Journal of Parasitic Diseases 40(3):954-957.

Rehman TU, Khan MN, Khan IA and Ahmad M (2011). Epidemiology and economic benefits of treating goat coccidiosis. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 31(3):227-230.

Singh Alok Kumar, Shanker D, Rout PK, Kumar A, Sharma Nitika and Kumar Pradeep (2016). Incidence and haemato-biochemical studies on goats naturally infected with coccidiosis in semi arid region, India. Ruminant Science 5(2):257-260.

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Tafti AK and Mansourian M (2008) Pathologic lesions of naturally occurring coccidiosis in sheep and goats. Comparative Clinical Pathology 17(2):87-91.

Temizel EM, Demir G, Selcuk O, Catýk S, Senlik B and Senturk S (2011). Effect of treatment with clindamycin in an outbreak of coccidiosis in goat kids in Turkey. Journal of Biology and Environmental Science 5(13):37-40.

Pathology of spontaneously occurring lung affections in goats

Pathology of spontaneously occurring lung affections in goats

15-Title: Pathology of spontaneously occurring lung affections in goats: A slaughterhouse study

Authors: Paras Saini, Rajendra Damu Patil, Rajesh Kumar Asrani and Vipan Kumar Gupta

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):213-216

How to cite this manuscript: Saini Paras, Patil Rajendra Damu, Asrani Rajesh Kumar and Gupta Vipan Kumar (2019). Pathology of spontaneously occurring lung affections in goats: A slaughterhouse study. Ruminant Science 8(2):213-216.



A total 303 lung tissue samples of slaughtered goats were screened to evalaue the occurrence of pulmonary affections, out of which, 57 (18.81%) samples exhibited gross lesions. Representative tissue samples of the affected lungs were collected in 10% neutral buffered formalin and further processed for histopathological evaluation. The pulmonary affections were classified as suppurative bronchopneumonia (12 cases, 21.05%), fibrinous bronchopneumonia (8 cases, 14.04%), interstitial pneumonia (5 cases, 8.77%), pulmonary abscess (3 cases, 5.26%) and hydatidosis (7 cases, 12.28%). Further, miscellaneous lesions viz. emphysema and atelectasis (6 cases, 10.53%), pulmonary congestion and oedema (9 cases, 15.79%), pulmonary haemorrhage (3 cases, 5.26%); and bronchitis and bronchiolitis (4 cases, 7.02%) were also recorded. Occurrence of bronchopneumonia was higher than interstitial pneumonia in goats from Himachal Pradesh.


Dadhich Hemant, Mathur Manisha and Singh AP (2012). Pathobiological observations of pulmonary fluke infestation in goats (Capra hircus). Ruminant Science 1(1):49-50.

El-Tahawy Abdelgawad Salah and Mostafa Ibrahim Ahmed (2015). Prevalence, risk factors and cross sectional epidemiology for some selected diseases and syndromes affecting Rahmani sheep with particular spotlight on their economic consequences. Ruminant Science 4(2):159-165.

Godara R, Katoch R and Yadav A (2014). Hydatidosis in goats in Jammu, India. Journal of Parasitic Diseases 38(1):73-76.

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Machhaliya MH, Patel BJ, Joshi DV, Raval SH and Patel JG (2015). Pathomorphological studies on spontaneously occurring pulmonary lesions in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 4(1):51-53.

Mishra S, Kumar P, George N, Singh R, Singh V and Singh R (2018). Survey of lung affections in sheep and goats: A slaughterhouse study. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 6(4):118-120.

Pal RS and Bamania MK (2016). Studies on mortality rate in preweaning kids of Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 5(1):91-93.

Priyadarshi BH, Joshi DV, Patel BJ, Raval SH and Patel HA (2013). Pathomorphology of spontaneously occurring pulmonary lesions in sheep (Ovis aries). Ruminant Science 2(1):31-35.

Singh R, Kumar P, Sahoo M, Bind RB, Kumar MA, Das T, Kumari S, Kasyap B, Yadav JP, Saminatham M,  Singh KP and Singh R (2017). Spontaneously occurring lung lesions in sheep and goats. Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology 41(1):18-24.

Varma TK and Ahluwalia SS (1990). Prevalence of E. granulosus infection in domestic animals of western and central Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 4:67-69. 

Zachary JF (2017). Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease. 6th Edn, Elsevier Health Sciences. pp 471-560.

Pathohaemorrhagic lesions of ovary and uterus in cattle

Pathohaemorrhagic lesions of ovary and uterus in cattle

18-Title: Pathohaemorrhagic lesions of ovary and uterus in cattle

Authors: Anita Rathore, Hemant Dadhich and  Sunita Rani

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):225-226

How to cite this manuscript: Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant and Rani Sunita (2019). Pathohaemorrhagic lesions of ovary and uterus in cattle. Ruminant Science 8(2):225-226.



The present investigation was carried out on 390 samples of the female genital tract of cow belonging to different age and breeds, of which 156 (40%) were found to have various abnormalities. Out of these, 119 (30.5%) samples revealed pathological lesions in the ovary and uterus, of which 6 cases (3.84%) were of haemorrhages. Grossly, the blackish-red coloured spots were seen on the surface of the ovary, the uterine mucosa revealed hyperaemic and closure to the cervix, there was a large accumulation of blood and mucous in the uterine cavity. Microscopically, the ovarian stroma was diffusely filled with RBC’s and massive area of haemorrhage seen in the uterine cavity.


Al-Ramadan SY (2014). Camel endometrium: Light-microscopic and ultrastructural features related to pregnancy. Ruminant Science 3(2):129-140.

Cohrs P (1967). Textbook of the Special Pathological Anatomy of Domestic Animals. 1st English Edn. Pergamon Press, London.

Khan AP, Khan TM, Basra MA, Chaudhary RA and Chaudhary ZI (1992). A study on the pathology of internal genital organs of buffalo heifers. Buffalo Bulletin 11:36-38.

Kumar Vijay, Singh SP, Farooqui MM, Gangwar Chetna, Kumar Prabhakar and Prakash Ajay (2018). Histo-chemical study of uterus during different stages of pregnancy in goat (Capra hircus). Ruminant Science 7(1):67-70.

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Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant, Rani Sunita and Dadhich Rohitash (2016). Pathology of adenomyosis in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 5(2):263-264.

Qureshi Anas Sarwar, Mohsin Muhammad and Rehan Sarmad (2015). Effect of parity on gross and microscopic structure of uterus in teddy goats (Capra hircus). Ruminant Science 4(2):133-136.

Occurence and histopathological observations in gastrointestinal

Occurence and histopathological observations in gastrointestinal helminths in goats

19-Title: Occurence and histopathological observations in gastrointestinal helminths in goats

Authors: PD Pawar, LD Singla, Paramjit Kaur, MS Bal and BS Sandhu

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):227-232

How to cite this manuscript: Pawar PD, Singla LD, Kaur Paramjit, Bal MS and Sandhu BS (2019). Occurence and histopathological observations in gastrointestinal helminths in goats. Ruminant Science 8(2):227-232.



The occurrence of intestinal helminths and histopathological changes caused by them in beetal goats were studied by examining thirteen intestines collected from local slaughter houses from Ludhiana, Punjab.  The nematode parasites detected in intestines included Haemonchus controtus & H. placei (41.40%), Oesophagostomum columbianum (22.10%) and Trichuris ovis (19.10%). Among cestodes Stilesia globipuntata (9.64%), Avetiellina centripunctata (6.06%) and Moniezia expansa were (1.69%) were observed in the lumen of small intestines. Gross pathological lesions were observed in the intestines positive for O. columbianum, T. ovis and S. globipunctata infection. The intestines infected with O. columbianum showed calcified hard, raised, slightly yellowish to greenish coloured nodules. The stained tissue section revealed catarrhal inflammation associated with destruction and desquamation of epithelial cells. Center of the nodule with caseous necrosis surrounded by a zone of inflammatory cells mainly mononuclear cells (MNS) finally surrounded by connective tissue capsule having few foreign body giant cells were also seen. Moderate infection with T. ovis was characterized by catarrhal inflammation along with the petechial haemorrhages on the intestinal mucosa where parasites were firmly attached. The study indicates that beetal goats in the area are positive for gastrointestinal helminths which are associated with the production of variable degree of pathological lesions.


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Non-invasive approach to relieving cervical choke in bovines under field

Non-invasive approach to relieving cervical choke in bovines under field conditions

29-Title: Non-invasive approach to relieving cervical choke in bovines under field conditions

Authors: SP Manjunath, CT Chandre Gowda, Y Chaitra, N Nagaraju and RV Harsha

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):273-276

How to cite this manuscript: Manjunath SP, Chandre Gowda CT, Chaitra Y, Nagaraju N and Harsha RV (2019). Non-invasive approach to relieving cervical choke in bovines under field conditions. Ruminant Science 8(2):273-276.



Among different modalities of treatment, esophagotomy is the main technique followed for esophageal obstruction in cattle. Esophageal obstruction cases should be considered an emergency and treated as early as possible due to the development of bloat. These cases require immediate attention. Smooth foreign body may relieved without surgical intervention. Hence the present case report a quick, effective, economical and non-invasive approach to save the life of cattle suffering from an esophageal obstruction in field condition with limited facility. Twenty crossbred cows with a history of inability to swallow and swelling on the left lateral aspect of the neck were presented included in this study. Some animals had a history of eating sweet corn cob, beetroot and mango. Upon examination, the condition was diagnosed as esophageal obstruction. Eighteen cattle out of twenty showed obstruction at the cervical oesophagus. Among them, in fourteen cattle, the obstruction was movable. Hence in these fourteen cattle, a non-surgical method for relieving esophageal obstruction was attempted by the use of wooden mouth gag. Thus lives of cows were saved by non-invasive approach under field condition to relieve the oesophageal choke.


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