19-Title: Occurence and histopathological observations in gastrointestinal helminths in goats
Authors: PD Pawar, LD Singla, Paramjit Kaur, MS Bal and BS Sandhu
Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):227-232
How to cite this manuscript: Pawar PD, Singla LD, Kaur Paramjit, Bal MS and Sandhu BS (2019). Occurence and histopathological observations in gastrointestinal helminths in goats. Ruminant Science 8(2):227-232.
The occurrence of intestinal helminths and histopathological changes caused by them in beetal goats were studied by examining thirteen intestines collected from local slaughter houses from Ludhiana, Punjab. The nematode parasites detected in intestines included Haemonchus controtus & H. placei (41.40%), Oesophagostomum columbianum (22.10%) and Trichuris ovis (19.10%). Among cestodes Stilesia globipuntata (9.64%), Avetiellina centripunctata (6.06%) and Moniezia expansa were (1.69%) were observed in the lumen of small intestines. Gross pathological lesions were observed in the intestines positive for O. columbianum, T. ovis and S. globipunctata infection. The intestines infected with O. columbianum showed calcified hard, raised, slightly yellowish to greenish coloured nodules. The stained tissue section revealed catarrhal inflammation associated with destruction and desquamation of epithelial cells. Center of the nodule with caseous necrosis surrounded by a zone of inflammatory cells mainly mononuclear cells (MNS) finally surrounded by connective tissue capsule having few foreign body giant cells were also seen. Moderate infection with T. ovis was characterized by catarrhal inflammation along with the petechial haemorrhages on the intestinal mucosa where parasites were firmly attached. The study indicates that beetal goats in the area are positive for gastrointestinal helminths which are associated with the production of variable degree of pathological lesions.
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