24-Title: Fetal death in Saanen goats: Case reports
Authors: Abdelghafar RM
Source: Ruminant Science (2015)-4(2):231-233.
How to cite this manuscript: Abdelghafar RM (2015). Fetal death in Saanen goats: Case reports. Ruminant Science 4(2):231-233.
Present study was conducted to evaluate the fetal physiological status using ultrasonography in three Saanen goats brought to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital for routine pregnancy diagnosis after artificial insemination. Ultrasonographic examination revealed single fetus inside the uterus of each dam. The fetuses were small for their gestational age. The absence of fetal heart beats, fetal movements and abnormal posture were indicating non-viable fetuses. All animals were apparently healthy.
Abdelghafar RM, Ahmed BH and Bakheit AO (2007a). Crown rump length and bi parietal diameter to predict gestational age in Saanen goats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6:454-457.
Abdelghafar RM, Ahmed BH and Bakheit AO (2007b). B- mode real-time ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis and fetal numbers in Saanen goats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6:702-705.
Abdelghafar RM (2010). Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool for fetal mortality in goats (Capra hircus) in the Sudan (two case reports). Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal 56:316-322.
Abdelghafar RM, Abdallah SA and Ahmed (2009). Pregnancy diagnosis and fetal quantification in Damascus goats using transabdominal real-time ultrasonography. Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal 55:273-279.
Abdelghafar RM, Ahmed BH, Ibrahim MT and Mantis P (2011). Prediction of gestational age by transabdominal real-time ultrasonographic measurements in Saanen goats (Capra hircus). Global Veterinaria 6(4):346-351.
Abdelghafar RM, Ahmed BH, Salah MA and Ibrahim MT (2012). The accuracy of gestational age predicted from femur and humerus length in Saanen goats using ultrasonography. Acta Veterinaria Brno 81:295-299.
Badawi ME, Makawi SA, Abdelghafar RM and Ibrahim MT (2014). Assesment of postpartum uterine involution and progesterone profile in Nubian goats (Capra hircus). Journal of Advanced Veterinary Animal Research 1(2):36-41.
Dixon AB, Knights M, Winkler JL, Marsh DJ, Pate JL, Wilson ME, Dailey RA, Seidel G and Inskeep EK (2006). Patterns of late embryonic and fetal mortaliy and association with several factors in sheep. Journal of Animal Science 85:1274-1284.
Engeland IV, Waldeland H, Andersen O and Tverdal A (1997). Foetal loss in dairy goats: an epidemiological study in 515 individual goats. Animal Reproduction Science 49:45-53.
Fatet A, Pellicer-Rubio M and Leboeuf B (2010). Reproductive cycle of goats. Animal Reproduction Science 124:211-219.
Holtz W (2005). Recent developments in assisted reproduction in goats. Small Ruminant Research 60:95-110.
Jonker FH (2004). Fetal death: Comparative aspects in large domestic animals. Animal Reproduction Science 82-83:415-430.
Pandey AK, Singh G, Kumar K, Kumar S, Kumar P, Chaudhary RN, Sharma S and Tiwari DK (2014). Fetal maceration in murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A case report. Ruminant Science 3(2):249-250
Patel MP, Patel SC, Patel JB, Suthar BN, Nakhashi HC and Sharma VK (2012). Fetal mummification in buffalo-A case report. Ruminant Science 1(1):93-94.
Sharma Bharat, Sharma Swadesh, Shrivastava OP, Bhardwaj VK, Gupta Sourabh and Baghel RPS (2012). Ultrasonographic measurement of crown rump length to predict gestational age in Barbari goats. Ruminant Science 1(2):113-116.
Suguna K, Mehrotra S, Agrawal S, Hoque M, Singh S, Shanker U and Sarath T (2008). Early pregnancy diagnosis and embryonic and fetal development using real-time b-mode ultrasound in goats. Small Ruminant Research 80:80-86.
Vanroose G, De Kruif A and Van Soom A (2000). Embryonic mortality and embryo-pathogen interactions. Animal Reproduction Science 60-61:131-143.
Vassilev N, Yotov S and Dimitrov F (2005). Incidence of early embryonic death in dairy cows. Trakia Journal of Sciences 3(5):62-64.