Title: Camel hair production in transhumant system, Kordofan region Sudan
Authors: ES Abu Shulukh, IM El Fagir, MO Eisa, HH Abdelwahid and RM Mohammed
Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):187-190.
Cite this reference as: Abu-Shulukh ES, El-Fagir IM, Eisa MO, Abdelwahid HH and Mohammed RM (2016). Camel hair production in transhumant system, Kordofan region Sudan. Ruminant Science 5(2):187-190.
This study was carried out in Kordofan region (western Sudan) the home land of several nomad tribes like Kabbabish, Dar-Hamid and Hamar tribes who were traditional camel breeders. The data for this study were collected in April to June 2015. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibilities and potential of camel hair production and to determine the average production of hair per head in Kordofan camels in relation to age, sex, season and type of camel. The survey of this study covered two hundred and forty (240) camels, divided into four age groups, one, two, three years of age and adult animals add to that a set of the questionnaire covered about 100 samples for each area from the three areas (Dar- Kabbabish, Dar-Hamid and Dar-Hamar). The average of annual camel hair yield as kg/ year were 2.0±0.7, 1.95±0.6 and 1.95±0.6 for Dar-Hamid, Dar- El Kabbabish and Dar-Hamar, respectively. The higher yield recorded was 2.3±0.2 from Dar-Hamid males of two years of age while Dar- El Kabbabish and Dar-Hamar adults were recorded with lower yield about 1.7±0.1 kg/ year. The questionnaire result reflected no significant (P<0.05) difference between herd size, annual yield /kg, kg price (SDG). But, there was a significant difference (P<0.05) between total products income per person (SDG) 995±89.2 A.
Agab H (1993). Epidemiology of camel diseases in eastern Sudan with emphasis on brucellosis. MVSc Thesis submitted to UK.
Al-Ani FK (2004). Camel Management and Diseases. Falah Publ, Baghdad University, p 455.
Ahmad S, Yaqoob M, Hashmi N, Ahmad S, Zaman MA and Tariq M (2010). Economic importance of camel. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 30(4):191-197.
Amona Elnour (2015). Personal communication Kordofan region – Sudan.
Aujla KM, Jasra AW and Munir M (1998). Socioeconomic profile of camel herders in southwestern mountainous areas of Pakistan. Proceeding of 3rd Annual Meeting for Animal Production under Arid Conditions, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates, 2:154-174.
Keith (2015). SPSS® Statistics, 3rd Edn, John Wiley and Sons Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey, www.wiley.com
Khan BB, Iqbal A and Riaz M (2003). Production and Management of Camels. Department of Livestock Management, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Mahapatra S (2009). Processing of Camel Hair in Textile Industries. Colour Publication Pvt, Ltd.
MARF (2014). Ministry of Animal Resource and Fisheries, Administration of Statistics and Planning. Annual census reports. Republic of Sudan.
Mohammed Ali (2015). Personal communication Kordofan region-Sudan.
Morton WE and Hearle JWS (1962). Physical Properties of Textile Fibres. Butterworth and Co Ltd and The Textile Institute, Manchester and London, 54-55.
Sakr IH and Majid AM (1990). The social economic of camel herders in eastern Sudan. The camel applied research and development. Network/CARDN /ACSAD/Camel/p30/ 1-27.
Wardeh MF (1989). Arabian Camels: Origin, Breeds and Husbandry. Al-Mallah Publ, Damascus. p 500 (Arabic).