Title: Organogenesis of rumen of goat (Capra hircus) in early prenatal stage (0-50 days) of gestation
Authors: Varsha Gupta, MM Farooqui, Ajay Prakash, Archana Pathak and Prabhakar Kumar
Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):247-254.
Cite this reference as: Gupta Varsha, Farooqui MM, Prakash Ajay, Pathak Archana and Kumar Prabhakar (2017). Organogenesis of rumen of goat (Capra hircus) in early prenatal stage (0-50 days) of gestation. Ruminant Science 6(2):247-254.
The study was conducted on the developing rumen collected from 12 healthy and normal foeti of either sex of goat upto 50 days of gestation. The primordium of the rumen was first noticed on 38th day of gestation between 11th to 13th rib. The shape of the rumen during this stage of gestation was quadrilateral. The development of the dorsal sac of rumen was faster than ventral sac. The cranial and caudal transverse grooves and, right and left longitudinal grooves were observed at 46 days and coronary grooves were observed at 50 days of gestation. Well distinguished cranial and caudal pillars were observed on 46 days of gestation. Microscopic study revealed that the wall of foetal rumen was made up of only three strata i.e. epithelium, pleuripotent blastemic tissue and serosa. The ruminal wall was lined by undifferentiated stratified epithelium. The lamina propria, submucosa and tunica muscularis were non independent strata and were termed as pleuripotent blastemic tissue. Fine reticular fibrils surrounding the clusters of differentiating smooth muscle cells appeared at 46 days of gestation. The epithelium contributed more than half (54%) part of the ruminal wall and serosa was thinnest (4%). Well defined ruminal pillar was first observed at 38 days of gestation. Epithelial cell of the basal zone exhibited intense PAS and Feulgen reaction, moderate reaction for bound lipid and weak reaction for AMPS.
Acharya RM (1982). Sheep and Goats in India. Animal Production and Health, FAO, Rome.
Arey LB (1954). Developmental Anatomy-A textbook and Laboratory Manual of Embryology. 6th Edn, WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia.
Arias JL, Cabrera R and Valencia A (1978). Observations on the histological development of bovine ruminal papillae. Anatomia Histologia Embryologia 7:140-151.
Bloom W and Fawcett DW (1970). A Textbook of Histology. 9th Edn, WB Saunders Company. Tokyo, Japan.
Crossman GA (1937). A modification of Mallory’s connective tissue stain with discussion of principles involved. Anatomical Record 69:33-38.
Del Rio Ortega S (1973). Desarrollo prenatal del estomago de la oveja. Doctoral thesis submitted to Facultad de Veterinaria, Zaragoza, Spain.
Dellman H and Brown E (1987). Textbook of Veterinary Histology. 3rd Edn, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.
Evans HE and Sack WO (1973). Prenatal development of domestic and laboratory mammals. Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin (c) Anatomia Histologia Embryologia 2:11-45.
Franco A, Regodón S, Robina A and Redondo E (1992). Histomorphometric analysis of the rumen of sheep during development. American Journal of Veterinary Research 53(7):1209-17.
Franco AJ, Masot AJ, Aguado MC, Gómez L and Redondo E (2004). Morphometric and immunohistochemical study of the rumen of red deer during prenatal development. Journal of Anatomy 204(6):501-13.
Gracia A, Masot J, Franco A Gazquez A and Redondo E (2012). Histomorphometric and immunohistochemical study of the goat rumen during prenatal development. Histology and Histopathology 28(6):737-748.
Hejazi S and Farhoudi H (2012). Morphometric study of stomach in sheep foetus. Annals of Biological Research 3(7):3169-3173.
Hejazi S and Frik-aghaji H (2013). Study of stomach morphogenesis in sheep foetus. Life Science Journal 10(5):659-663.
McGeady TA, Quinn PJ, FitzPatrick ES and Ryan MT (2006). In: Veterinary Embryology. Blackwell Publishing.
Molinari E and Jarquera B (1988). Intrauterine development stages of the gastric compartments of the caprine (Capra hircus). Anatomia Histologia Embryologia 17:121-137.
Mutoh K and Wakuri H (1989). Early organogenesis of the caprine stomach. Nippon Juigaku Zasshi 51:474–484.
Noden DM and Delahunta A (1985). Embryology of Domestic Animals: Developmental Mechanisms and Malformations. Williams & Wilkins. Okpe GC and Chukwudi CU (2016). Histogenesis of the forestomach of red sokoto goats. Animal Research International 13:2428.
Osman AHR and Berg R (1981). Studies on the histogenesis of the tunica mucosa of the stomach of the Egyptian water buffalo (Bos bubalus). I. Histogenesis of the ruminal mucosa. Anatomia Anz 149:232-240.
Panchamukhi BG (1973). Prenatal development of the buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) stomach with particular reference to organogenesis and histogenesis. PhD Thesis submitted to AAU, Anand, Gujarat.
Panchamukhi BG and Srivastava HC (1979). Histogenesis of the rumen of the buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) stomach. Anatomia Histologia Embryologia 8:97-105.
Panchamukhi BG, Mudholkar DR and Srivastava HC (1977). Prenatal development of buffalo (bubalus bubalis) stomach. 3. Early histogenesis. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 47:463-469.
Rao TSC and Ramayya PJ (2013). Fundamentals of Veterinary Developmental Anatomy. New India Publishing Agency. New Delhi.
Roy KS (2009). Fundamentals of Veterinary Embryology. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.
Singh O, Roy KS and Sethi RS (2012a). Histogenesis of rumen of buffalo. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 82(1):30-33.
Singh G, Farooqui MM, Ajay Prakash, Pathak A and Kumar P (2012b). Morphogenesis of prenatal liver of goat (Capra hircus). Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy 24(1):5-9.
Singh Y, Sharma DN and Dhingra LD (1979). Morphogenesis of the testis in goat. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 49(11):925-931.
Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1994). Statistical Methods. 6th Edn, Indian Edition, Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi.
Vivo JM, Robina A, Regodon S, Guillen MT, Franco A and Mayoral AI (1990). Histogenetic evolution of bovine gastric compartments during the prenatal period. Histology Histopathology 5:461-476.