Authors: TV Sutaria, BN Suthar, HC Nakhashi, MP Patel and PM Chauhan

Source: Ruminant Science (2018)-7(2):283-286.

Cite this reference as: Sutaria TV, Suthar BN, Nakhashi HC, Patel MP and Chauhan PM (2018). Ultrasonographic assessment of involuting reproductive tract in mehsana buffaloes with normal and abnormal parturition. Ruminant Science 7(2):283-286.


Total forty five Mehsana buffaloes irrespective of parity with normal (Group I) and abnormal (Group II) parturation were selected to evaluate the postpartum reproductive tract. The involution of reproductive tract was judged by ultrasonography using a 5-10 MHz linear array transducer from 5th to 45th day postpartum and revealed reduction in diameters o f cervix and uterine horns. It was concluded that the cervix was involuted well before 45th day postpartum regardless of type of parturation but uterine involution was delayed in abnormal parturited Mehsana buffaloes in comparision to normal parturition.


Amer HA, AbouZeid NZ and Barakat TM (2010). Endometrial cytology and bacteriological isolates from buffaloes with retained fetal membranes and their effects on the reproductive efficiency. Journal of American Science 6(11):115-121.

El-Wishy AB (2007). The postpartum buffalo: I. Endo-crinological changes and uterine involution. Animal Reproduction Science 97:201-215.

Gautam RP, Tiwari RP, Koley KM and Hore SK (2005). The exapar in induction of uterine contraction in vitro and expulsion of fetal membranes in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 26(2):126-128.

Ingawale MV, Bakshi SA, Birade HS,  Chinchkar SR and Gulavane  SU (2014). Effect of GnRH and PGF2alpha administration in early post partum period on fertility potential of buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin 33(2):228-232.

Khan HM, Mohanty TK, Bhakat M, Raina V S and Gupta AK (2011). Relationship of blood metabolites with reproductive parameters during various seasons in Murrah buffaloes. Asian-Australian  Journal of Animal Science 24(9):1192-1198.

Khasatiya CT, Kavani FS,  Dhami AJ, Derashri HJ, Panchal MT and Desai PM (2006). Studies on puerperal events and reproductive efficiency following hormone therapy at day 42 postpartum in Surti buffaloes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8(1):32-37.

Khatri P, Tunio SA, Kaka I, Samo MU, Bhutto B and Memon MR (2013). Effect of exogenous PGF2alpha and oxytocin on postpartum anestrus and uterine involution in Kundhi buffaloes. Journal of Animal Production Advances 3(4):158-163.

Kindhal H, Bekana M, Kask K, Konigsson K, Gustafsson H and Odensvik K (1999). Endocrine aspects of uterine involution in the cow. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 34:261-264.

Melendez P, McHale J, Bartolome J, Archbald LF and Donovan GA (2004). Uterine involution and fertility of Holstein cows subsequent to early postpartum PGF2alpha treatment for acute puerperal metritis. Journal of Dairy Science 87:3238-3246.

Modi LC (2016). Studies on oxidative stress during periparturient period in surti buffaloes. A PhD thesis submitted to the NAU, Navsari, Gujarat, India.

Nakhashi HC (2006). Fertility management in postpartum mehsani buffaloes through clinical, biochemical and hormonal investigations. PhD thesis submitted to SDAU Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat, India.

Parikh SS (2009). Ultrasonographic evaluation of uterine involution in postpartum Mehsana buffaloes. MVSc Thesis submitted to SDAU, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat, India.

Presicce GA, Bella A, Terzano GM, Santis GD and Senatore EM (2005). Postpartum ovarian follicular dynamics in primiparous and pluriparous Mediterranean Italian buffaloes (bubalus bubalis). Theriogenology 63:1430-1439.

Qureshi MS and Ahmad N (2008). Interaction of calf suckling, use of oxytocin and milk yield with reproductive performance of dairy buffaloes. Animal Reproduction Science 106: 380-392.

Risco CA, Drost M, Thatcher WW, Savio J and Thatcher MJ (1994). Effects of calving-related disorders on prostaglandin, calcium, ovarian activity and uterine involution in postrartum dairy cows. Theriogenology 42(1):183-203.

Santos IW, Neves JP, Dos-santos IW and Pereira NJ (1994). Use of ultrasonics during puerperium in cows Ciencia-Rural 24:603-606.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th Edn, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta, India.

Suthar BN (1989). Studies on uterine involution and occurrence of first postpartum estrus in relation to certain blood biochemical profiles in Mehsani buffaloes. MVSc thesis submitted to GAU, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat. 

Suthar BN, Suresh Kumar and Kavani FS (2004). Time dynamics of uterine involution in Mehsani buffaloes: A clinical study. Intas Polivet 5(2):166-168.

Usmani RH, Ahmad N, Shafiq P and Mirza MA (2001). Effect of subclinical uterine infection on cervical and uterine involution, estrous activity and fertility in postpartum buffaloes. Theriogenology 55(2):563-571.