Authors: Chakresh Thakur, Apra Shahi, Randhir Singh and Madhu Swamy

Source: Ruminant Science (2018)-7(2):319-324.

Cite this reference as: Thakur Chakresh, Shahi Apra, Singh Randhir and Swamy Madhu (2018). Incidence and characterization of hoof affections in goats. Ruminant Science 7(2):319-324.


In present study, screening of 714 animals was done for identification and characterization of the various lesions of hoof. Out of 714 goats, total 112 animals showed various kinds of hoof affection which accounted for 15.68%. Maximum incidence was recorded for hoof overgrowth i.e. 06.44%. Animals in the age group of 4-6 years had highest incidence of affected animals   (58.04%). Jamnapari breed showed 43.75% hoof affection, followed by non-descript (31.25%) Barbari (13.39%) and Sirohi (11.60%). Male animals were more prone to hoof affections (19.26 %) than to female animals (14.11%). Incidence  was more in those animals which were kept in intensive housing system (46.43%) and on pakka floor (62.50%). It was maximum in high concentrate diet (43.75%) schedule followed by green leaves (33.92%) and concentrate along with green leaves(22.33%). Hoof affections were recorded more in fore limbs (59.82%) followed by hind limbs (30.35%) and both the limbs (9.82%). Majority of goats (46.43%) goats showed no lameness followed by mild to moderate (30.36%) and severe lameness (23.21%).


Amarpal, P Kinjavdekar, HP Aithal, AM Pawde, Tarunbir Singh and K Pratap (2004). Incidence of urolithiasis: A retrospective study of five years. Indian Journal of Animal Science 74:175-177.

Blood DC and Radostits OM (1990). Veterinary Medicine-A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, Goats and Horses. Mackay’s Kent Publication Co, Britain. pp 449-487.

Bokko BP and Chaudhary SUR (2001). Prevalence of lameness in sheep in the northern region of Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Biology 3:519-521.

Chakrabarti A, Mathew S and Thomas CK (1996). Foot disorders in goat farm. Indian Journal Veterinary Surgery 17:118-119.

Christodoulopoulos G (2009). Foot lameness in dairy goats. Research in Veterinary Science 86:281-284.

Devi S, Padhiyar AP, Saxsena Anshul and Jadhav KM (2017). Therapeutic management of foot rot in caprines. Ruminant Science 6(2):389-390.

Gildeni MN, Aguiar S, Simoes VD, Tatiane R, Silva ACO, Joao MAM, Felicio GJ and Franklin RC (2011). Foot rot and other foot diseases of goat and sheep in the semiarid region of northeastern Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 31:879-884.

Issac J (1981). Lameness and foot conditions in goats. Veterinary Journal 1:1591-1593.

Karim MR, Parvin MS, Hossain MZ, Islam MT and Hussan MT (2014). A report on clinical prevalence of diseases and disorders in cattle and goats at the Upazilla Veterinary Hospital, Mohammadpur, Magura. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 12:47-53.

Madushanka DNN, Ranasingha VM, Bandara AMS, Mayurawansha WRAS and Magamage MPS (2016). Body condition score and locomotion score help to predict reproductive and health performances of dairy cattle. Ruminant Science 5(2):179-186.

Mehta TA, Parikh PV, Bhatia MS, Rajput PK, Pal AJ and Sama AI (2015). Clinico-surgical management of hoof disorder in goats of central Gujrat. In: 39th Annual Congress and National Symposium of ISVS, Sri Nagar, September 2015, pp 88.

Mgasa MN and Arnbjerg J (1993). Occurrence of lameness and digital lesions in Tanzanian goats. Small Ruminant Research 10:55-62.

Mohammed A, Badau UA and Kene ROC (1996). Lameness in sheep and goats in relation to hoof conditions in Sahel zone of Nigeria. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 44:97-100.

Mohsina A, Zama MMS, Tamilmahan P, Gugjoo MB, Singh K, Gopinathan A, Gopi M and Karthik K (2014). A retrospective study on incidence of lameness in domestic animals. Veterinary World 7:601-604.

Nonga HE, Makungu M, Bittegeko SBP and Mpanduji DG (2009). Occurrences and management of lameness in goats: A case study of Magadu Farm, Morogoro, Tanzania. Small Animal Research 82:149-151.

Pugh DG (2004). Enfermidades do sistema músculo esqueletico. Clinica de Caprinose Ovinos, Roca, Sao Paulo. pp 252-256.

Sindhu K, Ranjith D, Sivan VV, Anil Kumar N and Sanis Juliet (2015). Standardization and scientific validation of polyherbal formulation used for the management of bovine foot lesion in Wayanad district, Kerala. Ruminant Science 4(2):177-180.

Scott TD, Naylor JM and Greenough PR (1999). A simple formula for predicting claw volume in cattle. Veterinary Journal 158:190-195.

Van der Tol PPJ, Metz JHM, Noordhuizen-Stassen EN, Back W, Braam CR and Weijs WA (2005). Frictional forces required for unrestrained locomotion in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 88:615-624.

Weaver AD (1974). Lameness in cattle: The interdigital space. Veterinary Records 97:115-120.

Webster AJF (2002). Effect of environment and management on the development of claw and leg diseases. In: 22nd  World Buiatrics Congress, Hanover, Germany, pp 248-256.

Winter AC (2008). Lameness in sheep. Small Ruminants Research 76:149-153.