5.Title: Effect of azolla based pelleted complete feeds on dry matter intake, feed conversion and economics of feeding in camel calves
Authors: Renu Kumari, RK Dhuria, Sanjay Singh, NV Patil and RK Sawal
Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(2):173-176.
How to cite this manuscript: Kumari Renu, Dhuria RK, Singh Sanjay, Patil NV and Sawal RK (2019). Effect of azolla based pelleted complete feeds on dry matter intake, feed conversion and economics of feeding in camel calves. Ruminant Science 8(2):173-176.
An experiment was conducted to explore the effect of feeding pelleted complete feeds incorporated with Azolla (Azolla pinnata) on dry matter intake, feed conversion efficiency and economics of feeding in camel calves. Fifteen healthy camel calves of nearly similar age (2-2 ½ year), body weight (369.36 kg) and uniform conformation were randomly distributed into three treatments (T1, T2 and T3) of five calves each following Randomized Block Design. Camel calves fed with iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric pelleted complete feeds without Azolla incorporation (T1) or Azolla incorporation @ 2% (T2) and 4% (T3), respectively. The experiment lasted for sixty days. Feed intake was recorded daily and calculated at fortnight intervals with fortnightly body weight recordings and feed conversion efficiency were calculated accordingly. The inputs of all items were precisely recorded for calculation of economics of Azolla production and calves rearing. Statistical analysis revealed that there were significant differences (P<0.05) on feed conversion efficiency (FCE). In conclusion, 4% Azolla incorporated pelleted complete feed has a positive impact in terms of benefit: cost ratio and FCE.
Ahirwar MK and Leela V (2012). Nutritive value and in vitro degradability of Azolla pinnata for ruminants. Indian Veterinary Journal 89(4):101-102.
AOAC (2016). Official method of analysis, 20th edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, 5 (2):137-141.
Arvindraj N (2012). Chemical composition and nutritional evaluation of Azolla microphylla as a feed supplement for cattle. PhD thesis submitted to NDRI, Kalyani, West Bengal, India.
Ghodake SLS, Fernandes AP, Darade RV and Zagade BG (2012). Effect of different levels of Azolla meal on growth performance of Osmanabadi kids. Research Journal of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science 3(1):13-16.
Indira D, Sarjan Rao K, Suresh J, Venugopal Naidu K and Ravi A (2009). Azolla (Azolla pinnata) as feed supplement in buffalo calves on growth performance. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 26(4):345-348.
Kumar Ravindra, Tripathi P and Chaudhary UB (2017). Influence of feeding Azolla containing complete pellet feed on performance of goat kids. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 34(2):229-232.
Lumpkin Thomas A and Donald L (1982). Plucknett. Azolla as a green manure: Use and management in crop production. Westview Press Inc 34:23-25.
Patil PV, Salunke VM, Kanduri AB, Dongre VB and Patil MK (2017). Effect of urea treatment on chemical composition of crop residues. Ruminant Science 6(2):345-347.
Prabina B Jeberlin and Kumar K (2010). Dried Azolla as a nutritionally rich cost-effective and immuno-modulatory feed supplement for broilers. Asian Journal of Animal Science 5(1):20-22.
Roy Debashis, Kumar Vinod, Kumar Muneendra, Sirohi Rajneesh, Singh Yajuvendra and Singh Jai Kumar (2016). Effect of feeding Azolla pinnata on growth performance, feed intake, nutrient digestibility and blood biochemical’s of Hariana heifers fed on roughage based diet. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 69(2):190-196.
Sharma Puneet (2013). Comparative nutritional evaluation and effect of supplementation of Azolla microphylla on milk yield and composition in cross breed cattle. PhD Thesis submitted to NDRI, Karnal.
Singh KM, Singh RKP, Jha AK and Kumar Abhay (2013). A microanalysis of fodder production and marketing in India: The case of Bihar.
SPSS (2011). Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) Version 20.0. IBM, SPSS Inc., USA.