11-Title: Gross anatomical study of the humerus of chinkara
(Gazella gazelle bennettii)

Authors: DK Jangir, R Mathur, S Joshi, TK Gahlot and A Dangi

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):51-55.

How to cite this manuscript: Jangir DK, Mathur R, Joshi S, Gahlot TK and Dangi A (2012). Gross anatomical study of the humerus of chinkara (Gazella gazelle bennettii). Ruminant Science 1(1):51-55.


The present study was conducted on four humerii of adult Chinkara. The musculo-spiral groove was shallow and deltoid tuberosity was less prominent. The head was roughly rounded and the neck was well-defined. The lateral tuberosity was large and curved over the inter-tubercular groove. The medial tuberosity was much smaller and divide was not noticeably. The coronoid fossa and olecranon fossae communicated by a small supra-trochlear foramen in some specimens, which was the most striking feature.


Akers RM and Denbow M (2008). Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals. Blackwell Publishing, pp 152-156.

Anonymous (2005). Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria. 5th Edn, World Association of Veterinary Anatomists, Hannover. Columbia.

Bradley OC (1896). Outlines of Veterinary Anatomy.  BaillieÌre, Tindall and Cox, New York.

Brohi MA (2006). Status of Urial, Ibex and Chinkara at Durreji, Balochistan. Records Zoological Survey of Pakistan 17:11-14.

Budras KD and Robert E (2003). Bovine Anatomy: An Illustrated Text. 1st Edn, Schlutersche, pp 2-3.

Chauveau A (1905). The Comparative Anatomy of the Domesticated Animals. 2nd Edn (Translated and edited by George Fleming). New York D. Appleton and Company, pp 98-119.

Getty R (1975). Sisson and Grossman’s The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia.

Groves CP (1969). On the Smaller Gazelles of Genus Gazelle (de Blainville, 1816).  Z Saugetierk 34(1):38-60.

Haziroglu RM and Ozer M (1990). A supratrochlear foramen in the humerus of cattle. Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia 19(2)106-8.

Ikic M, Salajpal K, Karolyi D, ikic D, Pavic M and Juric I (2007). Characteristics of femur and humerus in Turopolje pig – an autochthonous Croatian breed. Sveuèilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, 13(1):172-175.

Kalita A and Bhattacharyya R (2008). Comparative anatomy on the appendicular skeleton of the domestic cat and local dog of mizoram. Compendium XII Annual Convention of Indian Association of Veterinary Anatomists  p 8.

Konig HE and Liebich HG (2006). Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Animals, 3rd Edn, Schattauer, Stuttgart Germany. pp 49-104, 145-164.

Mallon DP (2008). Gazella bennettii. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. 

McFadyean (1953). Osteology and Arthrology of Domestic Animals. Eds HV Hughes and JW Dransfield, 4th Edn London Bailliere, Tindall and Cox. pp 130-172.

Miller ME, Christensen GC and Evans HE (1964). Anatomy of the Dog. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, USA. pp  64-78.

Özkan ZE (2005). Macro anatomy of axiale skeleton of hedgehog. Indian Veterinary Journal 82: 877-882.

Raghavan D (1964).  Anatomy of Ox. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. pp 97-117.

Sarma K, Kalita SN and Kumar P (2008). Anatomy of the humerus of Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamalus). Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 78(1): 24-27.

Siddiqui MSI, Khan MZI, Sarma M, Islam MN and Jahan MR (2008). Macro-anatomy of the bones of the forelimb of Black Bengal Goat (Capra hircus).  Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 6(1):59-66.

Singh AP and Singh J (2004). Veterinary Radiology: Basic Principles and Radiographic Positioning. CBS Publishers and Distributor, New Delhi.

Sisson S (1911). A Text Book of Veterinary Anatomy. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia and London, pp 127-131.

Smuts MW and Bezuidenhout AJ (1987). Anatomy of the Dromedary. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, pp 24-34.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1989). Statistical Method. 8th Edn, lowa State University Press.

Talukdar M, Kalita A and Baishya G (2002). Gross anatomical study on the humerus of mithun. Indian Veterinary Journal 79(6):585-587.

Vesey-Fitzgerald DF (1952). Wildlife in Arabia. Oryx 1:232-235