19-Title: Ferroscopy and blood trypsin inhibitor spot test for diagnosis of foreign body in camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Authors: DN Suthar, JN Mistry, BN Suthar, PB Patel and KB Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2012)-1(1):85-87.

How to cite this manuscript: Suthar DN, Mistry JN, Suthar BN, Patel PB and Patel KB (2012). Ferroscopy and blood trypsin inhibitor spot test for diagnosis of foreign body in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 1(1):85-87.


Total 485 Kuchchhi camels with the history of altered appetite and digestive disorders were examined with metal detector to find out any ferrous origin metallic foreign body in abdomen. Out of them, 30 camels showed positive result. The blood samples from these camels were subjected to trypsin inhibitor spot test (TIST). On rumenotomy, all the 14 cases with positive TIST reaction were found to have metallic foreign bodies in their rumen and reticulum. Use of metal detector along with TIST is therefore suggested for diagnosis of ferromagnetic foreign bodies in the camel forestomach.


Athar H, Mohindroo J, Singh K, Kumar A and Randhawa CS (2010). Clinical, haematobiochemical, radiographic and ultrasonographic features of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in bovines. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80(7):608-612.

Braun U, Fluckinger M and Nageli F (1993). Radiography as an aid in the diagnosis of traumatic reticulo-peritonitis in cattle. Veterinary Record 132(5):103-109.

Braun U, Ganshar B and Fluchiger M (2003). Radiographic findings before and after oral administration of a magnet in cows with traumatic reticulo-peritonitis. American Journal of Veterinary Research 64(1):115-120.

Dabas VS, Mistry JN and Chaudhary S (2002). Stomach foreign bodies in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 23(1):50-51.

Dattagupta B, Bhokre AP, Samad A and Panchbhai VS (1997). Predictive value of certain diagnostic tests in bovine traumatic reticulo-peritonitis with special reference to trypsin-inhibitor activity. Compendium ISVS Nashik Chapter 3-7.

Ducharme NG (1990). Surgery of the bovine forestomach compartments. Veterinary Clinics North America: Food Animal Practice 6:371.

Ducharme NG, Dill SG and Rendano VT (1983). Reticulography of the cow in dorsal recumbency: an aid in the diagnosis andtreatment of traumatic reticuloperitonitis. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 182:585-88.

Formston C (1949). Proceeding of XIVth International Veterinary Congress, London 3:250.

Jamma VP (2004). Clinico-biochemical study of chronic traumatic reticulitis in Mehsanai buffaloes. MVSc Thesis submitted to Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Gujarat.

Luenberger W, Martig J and Schneider E (1978). Diagnosis and treatment of traumatic reticulitis in cattle. Veterinary Bulletin 48:1025.

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2000). Disease of the rumen, reticulum and omasum. In: Veterinary Medicine: A Text Book of the Disease of Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, Goats and Horses, 9th Edn, WB Saunders Co, London pp 303-311.

Raut M (2009). Study of foreign body syndrome in cattle of North Gujarat. MVSc Thesis submitted to Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat.

Rosenberger G (1979). Clinical Examination of Cattle. Verlag Paul Parey Berlin 212.

Samad A, Khalid BA and Sarkate LB (1994). Diagnosis of bovine traumatic reticuloperitonitis II: Blood trypsin inhibitor as a diagnostic test. Journal of Applied Animal Research 6:19-26.

Sastry GA (1983). Veterinary Pathology. 6th Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi p 338.

Tyagi RPS and Singh J (1993). Ruminant Surgery. 1st Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.