11-Title: Toxicologically important heavy metal profile in crossbred cows in industrial and automobile polluted area
Authors: SS Parekar, SK Mody, C Kathirvelan and Anjana Kumari
Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(1):51-53.
How to cite this manuscript: Parekar SS, Mody SK, Kathirvelan C and Kumari Anjana (2014). Toxicologically important heavy metal profile in crossbred cows in industrial and automobile polluted area. Ruminant Science 3(1):51-53.
An analytical profile of heavy metals in the serum of crossbred cows rearing in automobile rich industrial area of western Maharashtra, India, was studied recently. A total sixty crossbred cows were selected randomly from the automobile rich industrial area in the present study. Precisely and precautionally blood samples (5 ml) were collected from jugular veins of each animal. Serum was separated and stored at -20 ºC until analyzed. The serum samples were analyzed for arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury and nickel by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (Model AAS-4141, ECIL, New Delhi, India). The serum levels of arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury in animals rearing polluted area were remains multifold higher than levels of said metals found in animals rearing in pollution free environment. Hence it has been concluded that the industrial and automobile pollution resulted in increased level of serum arsenic, lead, cadmium and mercury in crossbred cows. The significance of analysis of heavy metals of the crossbred cows is having significant value in public health as these metals may have appear in animal food like milk and meat.
AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) (2003). Official Methods of Analysis, 17th Edn, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Belgaied JE (2003). Release of heavy metals from Tunisian traditional earthenware. Food and Chemical Toxicology 41:95-98.
Bires J and Vrazgula L (1995). Distribution of Cu, Fe, Zn, As, Cd and Pb in the body of sheep experimentally poisoned with cupric oxide deposit of industrial origin. Tierarztliche Umschau 50(5):364-367.
Bock S J (2007). Diagnosis and treatment of heavy metal toxicity. International Journal of Integrative Medicine 550:1-4.
Emrys R (2007). What about Heavy metal toxicity? In: Holistic Trans Species Handbook FAQS. Dynamite® Marketing, Inc.
Klaassen CD (2001). Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons. 6th Edn, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY. pp 535-563.
Kottferova J and Korenekova B (1995). The effect of emissions on heavy metals concentrations in cattle
from the area of an industrial plant in Slovakis. Archives of Environmental Contami-nation and Toxicology 29:400-405.
López Alonso M, Benedito JL, Miranda M, Castillo C, Hernández J and Shore RF (2000). Arsenic, cadmium, lead, copper and zinc in cattle from Galicia, NW Spain. The Science of the Total Environment 246(2-3):237-248.
Radostits OM, Blood DC and Gay CC (1994). Veterinary Medicine. 8th Edn, Bailliére Tindall, London.
Roy BK (2003). Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, 1st Edn, Kalyani Publisher, Delhi. pp 504-506.
Soghoian S (2008). Heavy metal toxicity. Department of Emergency Medicine, Down State Medical Center, State University of New York.
Swarup D, Naresh R, Varshney VP, Balagangatharat hilagar M, Kumar P, Nandi D and Patra RC (2007). Changes in plasma hormones profile and liver function in cows naturally exposed to lead and cadmium around different industrial areas. Research in Veterinary Science 82(1):16-21.
Swarup D, Patra RC and Gupta AR (2013). Impact of environmental pollution due to industrial contaminations on health and production of small ruminants: A review. Ruminant Science 2(2):109-121.
Upadhyay AK and Swarup D (1994). Lead toxicity in cow calves. Indian Journal of Animal Science 64(10):1062-1063.