15-Title: Mineral status of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) fed on sugarcane by-product based rations
Authors: R Prasanna Kumar, K Sivaiah and E Raghava Rao
Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(1):67-70.
How to cite this manuscript: Kumar R Prasanna, Sivaiah K and Rao E Raghava (2014). Mineral status of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) fed on sugarcane by-product based rations. Ruminant Science 3(1):67-70.
Blood samples were collected during sugarcane harvesting season i.e. December to March from buffaloes of two villages i.e. Kommaravaam and Velpur of west Godavari district where sugarcane tops and trash based rations was fed. The serum levels of minerals like calcium, copper, iron, zinc, manganese and cobalt were analysed. The average serum calcium levels of growing bull calves fed on sugarcane tops at kommaravaram were 23.18±4.28, 03.02±0.61 and 6.38±1.41 mg/100mL, at Velpur 18.08±083.24, 2.80±0.83 and 13.53±0.58 mg/100mL during December, January and March month, respectively. Trace minerals Iron levels were 3.65±0.55, 2.87±0.27 and 10.69±0.22 and in Velpur village values were 3.34±0.28, 3.24±0.33 and 9.02±0.77 ppm/100mL of serum during December, January and March months, respectively. In the present study the serum levels of calcium in lactating buffaloes was highest at the beginning of the sugarcane harvesting season and within period of one month has gone down to as low as 4.0 mg/100mL of blood. Similar trend was observed with respect to growing bull calves in both villages. The serum levels of trace minerals viz. iron, zinc, copper, cobalt and manganese (ppm) were very low at the start of the season in both the villages.
AOAC (1997). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis.16th Edn, Maryland
Gendley MK, Singh P and Garg AK (2002). Performance of crossbred cattle fed chopped green sugarcane top and supplemented with wheat bran or lentil chunni concentrates. Asian Australian Journal of Animal Sciences 15(10):1422-1427.
Gendley MK, Singh P and Garg AK (2003). Performance of crossbred cattle fed solely on chopped green sugarcane tops and supplemented with concentrate mixture or urea molasses liquid diet. Animal Feed Science and Technology 26:78-82.
Joshi AL, Rangnekar DV, Singh M, Kundu SS, Ambedkar SR and Bendigeri VA (1995). Sugarcane tops feeding of ruminants on fibrous crop residues. ICAR, New Delhi.
Pradhan K (2003). Feed resources and technological interventions for enhanced livestock productivity. Keynote address delivered on 22nd July, 2003 during in Workshop of Team of Excellence on Feed Technology and Quality Assurance.
Snedecor GW and Cochran WC (1994). Statistical Methods. 7th Edn, Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, Kolkata.
Talapatra SK, Ray SC and Sen KC (1940). The analysis of mineral constituents in biological materials. Part-I. Estimation of phosphorus, chlorine, calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium in food stuffs. Indian Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 10:243.
World Bank (1996). India livestock sector review: Enhancing growth and development, The World Bank, Washington DC.