4-Title: Seasonal variations in biochemical attributes of Haryana bull semen

Authors: Vijay Pandey, Rajesh Nigam, Atul Saxena, Pawanjit Singh, Ambika Sharma, DK Swain and Lokesh Sharma

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(1):19-24.

How to cite this manuscript: Pandey Vijay, Nigam Rajesh, Saxena Atul, Singh Pawanjit, Sharma Ambika, Swain DK and Sharma Lokesh (2014). Seasonal variations in biochemical attributes of Haryana bull semen. Ruminant Science 3(1):19-24.


The present study was undertaken to evaluate the seasonal variations in semen biochemical indices of Haryana bull. Four fertile, healthy adult Haryana bulls aged between 2 to 4 years were used as semen donors. The study was conducted over a period of six months and divided into three seasons as winter season (February-March), dry summer season (April-May) and wet summer season (June-July) depending on the average daily ambient temperature and THI. Sixteen semen samples (four ejaculates from four bulls per season) were collected from bulls in each season. The results of the study showed significantly highest values of ALT, AST, ALP, cholesterol and triglycerides and lowest value of amylase in wet summer season compared to other season. The average ambient temperature and THI showed positive correlation with all the semen biochemical parameters (except ALP) and negative correlation with amylase activity while relative humidity showed negative correlation with ALT, cholesterol and triglycerides and positive correlation with amylase activity. The association among ambient and semen biochemical attributes revealed that the significant effect of season on semen biochemistry is due to change in ambient temperature and THI of the season.


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