Title: Evaluation of rumen fluid in indigestions in buffaloes
Authors: SC Undirwade, KM Jadhav and Sarita Devi
Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(1):81-85.
Cite this reference as: Undirwade SC, Jadhav KM and Devi Sarita (2016). Evaluation of rumen fluid in indigestions in buffaloes. Ruminant Science 5(1):81-85.
The present study was conducted on 25 buffaloes, aged 4-6 years, to evaluate the alteration in rumen fluid constituents in primary and secondary indigestions. These were divided into 4 groups. Group A having 6 healthy buffaloes and were used as standard to compare with other animals. Nineteen buffaloes presented with history of loss of appetite for last 5-8 days were divided into 3 groups on the basis of rumen fluid examination viz., group B (Simple indigestion, n=7), group C (Acid indigestion, n=6) and group D (Alkaline indigestion, n=6). Except group A, overall body condition of animals was weak with pale to congested mucous membrane and inappetance to anorexia. The rumen motility remained suppressed significantly (P<0.05) while rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rate remained in normal range in animals of group B, C and D. The ruminal fluid pH in animals from group B remained in normal range, whereas significantly elevated in animals of group D. Acid indigestion cases (Group C) had significant reduction in rumen fluid pH. The SAT and MBRT of all animals from group B were in normal range, whereas significantly (P<0.05) elevated in group C and D. The protozoal activity, protozoal density and iodophilic activity of protozoa ranged from absent to sluggish (+) in group C and absent to moderate (++) in group D.
Braun U, Rihs T and Schefer U (1992). Ruminal lactic acidosis in sheep and goats. Veterinary Record 130:343-349.
Chakrabarti A (2006). Textbook of Clinical Veterinary Medicine. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi. pp 137-225.
Chand DK, Gupta GC, Pachauri SP and Rajora VS (2001). Biochemical and microbial studies of rumen fluid in experimentally induced ruminal acidosis. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal 25:44-46.
Das, PK, Mishra SK and Mohanty, GP (1972). Effect of acute indigestion on rumen protozoa population and blood picture of Indian cattle. India Veterinary Journal 49:672-677.
Das SK (1993). Therapeutic efficacy of HB strong against simple indigestion and inappetence during convalescence in ruminants under field conditions. Indian Journal of Indigenous Medicines 10(1).
Dirksen G (1979). Digestive system- examination of rumen fluid. In: Clinical Examination of Cattle. Eds: G Rosenberger, G Dirksen, HD Grunder D Krause and M Stober. Verlag Paul, Berlin, pp 200-212.
Franklyn G (1990). Managing forestomach problems caused by motor disease. Veterinary Medicine 85:650-669.
Gaikwad RV, Jagdish S and Bhalerao DP (1993). Studies on primary indigestion in milch buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 70:1046-1049.
Guha P and Sinha BP (1989). Ruminal alkalosis in goats. Indian Journal Veterinary Medicine 9:127-128.
Hazarika T, Hazarika GC and Rajkhowa S (2001). Clinicohaematological studies in experimentally induced alkaline indigestion in goats. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal 25:279-280.
Hazarika T, Gazarika GC, Rajkhowa S and Phukan A (2002). Biochemical changes in induced alkaline indigestion in goats. Indian Journal Veterinary Medicine 22:25-27.
Hobson PN and Stewart CS (1997). The rumen microbial ecosystem. Blackie Academic and Professional, London.
Irmac K, Sen I, Ok M and Turgut K (1998). Effect of simple indigestion and pneumonia on plasma thiamine concentration in cattle. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 4: 63-67.
Jani RG, Jani BM and Patel PR (2001). Clinicopathological studies in ruminal acidosis in goats. Indian Journal Veterinary Medicine 21:105.
Karunanidhi PS, Choudhuri PC, Shekhar BC and Ramakrishna KV (1995). Comparitive study on rumen liquor of cattle and buaffaloes. Indian Journal Veterinary Medicine 15:18-19.
Kasaralikar VR, Singari NA, Hafiz M, Prasad PE and Kumar SP (2007). Alteration in ruminal fluid and blood in acute ruminal acidosis of goats. Indian Journal Veterinary Medicine 27:111-114.
Kumari R and Akbar M (2006). Clinical efficacy of some herbal drugs during indigestion in buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin 25:3-6.
Mcallister TA, Popp JD and Cheng KJ (1996). Controlling digestive disorders in feed lot cattle. Proceeding of Canadian Society of Animal Science Annual Meet 356-370.
Misra SK and Singh U (1974). Studies on clinic-pathological and therapeutic aspects of indigestion in cattle. Indian Veterinary Journal 51:698-704.
Nagaraja TG and Titgemeyert EC (2007). Ruminal acidosis in beef cattle, the current microbiological and nutritional outlook. Journal of Dairy Science 90:17-38.
Nikolov Y (2000). Some biochemical changes in cerebrospinal fluid, blood and rumen fluid in experimental ruminal acidosis in buffalo calves. India Veterinary Journal 77:957-960.
Patil NA, Dhanapalan P, Prathaban S, Nambi AP and Vijayarani K (2008). Therapeutic efficacy of Meghasphaera elsdenii and Veillonella parvula in lactic acidosis of cattle. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 28(1):1-4.
Pradhan NR, Misra SK and Pan S (1988). A note on rumen liquor of healthy goats. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 8:36-37.
Prasad B, Singh J, Kumar R, Sharma SN, Rathor SS and Kohli RN (1977). Surgical repair of diaphragmatic hernia in buffaloes – An analysis of 42 cases. Indian Veterinary Journal 54:656-660.
Purohit S (2010). Restoration of ruminal ecology and function after surgical manipulation-A surgeon’s view. Intas Polivet 11(2):127-131.
Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2000). Disease of the rumen, reticulum and omasum. In: Veterinary Medicine: A Text Book of the Disease of Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, Goats and Horses, 9th Edn, WB Saunders Co Ltd, London. pp 303-311.
Randhawa CS, Randhawa SS and Nauriyal DS (1991). Experimental therapeutic trial in paddy straw induced alkaline indigestion in buffalo calves. Indian Journal of Animal Science 62:256-260.
Randhawa SS, Ahuja AK and Rathor SS (1989). Effect of lactic acidosis on microbial and biochemical changes in rumen liquor of buffalo calves. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 9:1-7.
Reddy BS and Kumari KN (2010). Therapeutic management of alkaline indigestion in bovine a case report of three cases. Intas polivet 11:173-174.
Rosenberger G, Dirksen G, Grunder H, Grunert E, Krause D and Stober M (1979). A Text Book of Clinical Examination of Cattle. Verlag Paul Parley. Berlin and Hamburg.
Sahu S, Chakrabarti A, Pan A, Basak DN and Mukherjee BN (1993). Physio-biochemical changes in rumen liquor in urea induced rumen alkalosis in goats. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 13:61-63.
Sen MM (1982). Studies on grain overload in goats with reference to clinical manifestations biochemical and microbial changes in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, pathological changes in internal organs and therapy. Thesis submitted to PAU, Ludhiana.
Shah O, Shaheen M, Gupta G, Lather A, Nabi SU, Wani AR and Hassan M (2013). Clinical and haemato-biochemical changes in alkaline indigestion in south down breed of sheep in Kashmir valley. Haryana Vet 52:63-65.
Sharma M (2007). Role of probiotics enriched with prebiotics and growth stimulants (Ecotas) in treating anorexia: A clinica trail. Intas polivet 8(II):447-449.
Shihabudheen PK, Pillai UN and Kumar SA (2006). Serum biochemical, physiochemical and microbial changes in rumen liquor of experimental acidosis in goats. India Veterinary Journal 83:267-270.
Sinha VK and Singh B (1998). Observation on clinical ruminal acidosis in cattle and buffaloes around patna. The blue cross book.
Svendsen P (1973). Gastrointestinal atony in ruminants. Royal Veterinary and Agril University, Copenhagen.
Underwood WJ (1992). Rumen lactic acidosis. Part 2. Clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Food Animal Compendium 14(9):1265-1270.
Vijayakumar H, Gurav A and Ansari AA (2010). Alkaline indigestion in a buffalo-A case report. Intas Polivet 11(II):175-176.