Studies on prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthic infections and their associated

Title: Studies on prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthic infections and their associated risk factors in dairy animals of semi-arid eastern plains of Rajasthan

Authors: Monika, Abhishek Gupta, PK Pilania, N Kumar, KP Parmar and GS Manohar

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(1):55-62.

Cite this reference as: Monika, Gupta Abhishek, Pilania PK, Kumar N, Parmar KP and Manohar GS (2017).Studies on prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthic infections and their associated risk factors in dairy animals of semi-arid eastern plains of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 6(1):55-62.


A total of 649 faecal samples comprising of 392 samples from cattle (215; native and 177; crossbred) and 257 from buffaloes were collected randomly from dairy animals of semi-arid eastern plains of Rajasthan during summer, rainy and winter seasons from March 2016 to January 2017. Coprological examination of samples revealed an overall prevalence of 55.62% for gastrointestinal helminthic (GIH) infections. Among various helminthes, highest prevalence reported was of strongyles (55.01%), followed by amphistomes (14.02%), Strongyloides sp. (12.48%), Trichuris sp. (10.01%), Moniezia sp. (1.38%) and Fasciola sp. (1.08%) in the decreasing order of prevalence. Quantitative analysis revealed mild to high severity of infections in terms of EPG with strongyles, Strongyloides sp. amphistome and Moniezia sp. ranging from 200-5500, 100-1700, 100-700 and 200-3400 with an average of 1218.92±249.37, 700±205.17, 244.44±66.90 and 1300±1051.64 eggs per gram, respectively. Statistical analysis using multivariate binary logistic regression model revealed highly significant difference (P<0.01) in the prevalence of GIH infection in the different types of dairy animals, among different seasons from different districts of the study area. Coprolculture analysis revealed the presence of larvae of genera Haemonchus, Oesophagostomum, Trichostrongylus, Bunostomum, Strongyloides, Cooperia and Nematodirus in the decreasing order of prevalence in the dairy animals of semi-arid eastern plain zone of Rajasthan.



Akanda MR, Hasan MMI, Belal SA, Roy AC, Ahmad SU, Das R and Masud AA (2014). A survey on prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection in cattle of Sylhet division in Bangladesh. American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics 2:855-860.

Anonymous (1990). Self-medication of ruminants. Animal Disease Research Laboratory, NDDB, Anand. Annual report. pp 19-21.

Asif Raza M, Ayaz MM, Murtaza S and Akhtar MS (2013). Prevalence of GIT Helminths in cattle at the vicinities of tehsil Jatoi, Punjab. Pakistan. Science International 25:305-309.

Bushra M, Shahardar RA and Maria A (2013). Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites of cattle in central zone of Kashmir valley. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 27:33-36.

Chandravathi T and Kiran KB (2015). Gastrointestinal parasitism in large ruminants of Khammam district, Telangana state. Indian Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Biotechnology 10:22-24.

Chaudhri SS, Bisla RS, Bhanot V and Singh H (2014). Prevalence of helminthic infections in diarrhoeic cows and buffaloes of eastern Haryana. Indian Journal of Animal Research 48:55-58.

Choubisa SL and Jaroli VJ (2013). Gastrointestinal parasitic infection in diverse species of domestic ruminants inhabiting tribal rural areas of southern Rajasthan, India. Journal of Parasitic Disease 37:271-275.

Copeman D and Copland R (2008). Importance and potential impact of liver fluke in cattle and buffalo. In: Overcoming Liver Fluke as a Constraint to Ruminant Production in South-East Asia, ACIAR Monograph-133. Canberra, Australia. pp 21-25.

Durie PH (1961). Parasitic gastroenteritis of cattle: The distribution and survival of infective strongyle larvae on pasture. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 12:1200-1211

Godara R and Manohar GS (2004). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitism in different breeds of cattle of Rajasthan. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal 28:74.

Godara R and Sharma RL (2010). Parasitic infections in livestock at Jaipur. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 24:193-195.

Gupta A, Dixit AK, Dixit P and Mahajan C  (2012). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite in cattle and buffaloes in and around Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 26:186-188

Gupta SK and Singla LD (2012) Diagnostic trends in parasitic diseases of animals. In: Veterinary Diagnostics: Current Trends. Eds: RP Gupta, SR Garg, V Nehra and D Lather. Satish Serial Publishing House, Delhi, pp 81-112.

Haque M, Jyoti, Singh NK, Juyal PD, Singh H, Singh R and Rath SS (2011). Incidence of gastrointestinal parasites in dairy animals of western plains of Punjab. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 25:168-170.

Jithendran KP and Bhat TK (1999).  Epidemiology of parasitoses in dairy animals in the North- west humid Himalayan region of India with particular reference to gastrointestinal nematodes. Tropical Animal Health Production 31:205-214.

Mage C, Bourgne, H, Toullieu J M, Rondelaud D and Dreyfuss G (2002). Fasciola hepatica and Paramphistomum daubneyi: Changes in prevalences of natural infections in cattle and in Lymnaea truncatula from Central France over the past 12 years. Veterinary Research 33:439-447.

Muraleedharan S (2005). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of livestock in a central dry zone of Karnataka. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 19:31-33.

Renwal KK, Gupta A, Kumar N, Pilania PK and Manohar GS (2016). Prevalence and risk assessment of gastrointestinal helminthoses in dairy animals of Bikaner, Rajasthan. Journal Parasitic Disease doi:10.1007/s12639-016-0850-x

Rowe AK, McMaster K, Emery D and Sangster N (2008). Haemonchus contortus infection in sheep: Parasite fecundity correlates with worm size and host lymphocyte counts. Veterinary Parasitology 153:285-293.

Roy S, Tiwari A, Galdhar CN, Upadhyay SR and Ratre HK (2004). Prevalence of parasitic infection in stall fed and grazing bovines of Chhattisgarh. Indian Veterinary Journal 81:345-347.

Saravanan S, Dinakaran AM, Muralidharan J, Geetha M and Selvaraju G (2009). Prevalence of subclinical gastrointestinal parasitic infection in dairy animals. Indian Journal of Field Veterinarians 5:45-46.

Singh A, Gangwar AK, Shinde NK and Srivastava S (2008). Gastrointestinal parasitism in bovines of Faizabad. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 22:31-33.

Singh AP, Singla LD and Singh A (2000)  A study on the effects of macroclimatic factors on the seasonal population dynamics of Boophilus micropus (Canes, 1888) infesting the cross-bred cattle of Ludhiana district. International Journal of Animal Science 15(1): 29-31.

Sloss MW, Kemp RL and Zajac AM (1994). Veterinary Clinical Parasitology. 6th Edn, International Book Distributing Co. pp 3-88.

Singh ST, Malhotra P and Singla LD (2014). Fatal natural infection with microfilariae of Setaria species in a cattle bull. Progress Research 9(1): 355-356.

Squire SA, Amafu-Dey H and Beyuo J (2013). Epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasites of cattle from selected locations in Southern Ghana. Livestock Research for Rural Development 25:117.

Swarnakar G, Bhardawaj B, Sanger B and Roat K (2015). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in cow and buffalo of Udaipur district, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science 4:897-902.

Vanwyk JA and Mayhew E (2013). Morphological identification of parasitic nematode infective larvae of small ruminants and cattle: A practical lab guide. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 80:539.

Waruiru RM, Kyvsgaard NC, Thamsborg SM, Nansen P, Bogh HO, Munyua WK and Gathuma JM (2000). The prevalence and intensity of helminth and coccidial infections in dairy cattle in central Kenya. Veterinary Research Communications 24:39-53.