Title: Peste des petits ruminants, a threat to the growing small ruminant for livelihood sustenance in Meghalaya in north eastern India
Authors: Amarjit Karam, Amit Chakraborty, Kekungu-u Puro*, Kaushik Kakoti, Samir Das, Sandeep Ghatak, Ingudam Shakuntala and Arnab Sen
Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(1):125-128.
Cite this reference as: Karam Amarjit, Chakraborty Amit, Puro Kekungu-u, Kakoti Kaushik, Das Samir, Ghatak Sandeep, Shakuntala Ingudam and Sen Arnab (2017). Peste des petits ruminants, a threat to the growing small ruminant for livelihood sustenance in Meghalaya in north eastern India. Ruminant Science 6(1):125-128.
The present study describes the outbreak of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in goats in South West Garo Hills of Meghalaya. The confirmatory diagnosis of PPR was done using the sera and nasal swab samples collected from the affected animals. Competitive ELISA showed 75% and 25% seropositivity in Goat and Sheep, respectively while antigen capture sandwich ELISA showed 25% positivity for PPR antigen. Three of the highly positive sera samples by ELISA were found to be positive for PPRV N gene by RT-PCR which confirmed the disease is caused by PPR. The mortality recorded during the outbreak period (April to June, 2017) from four villages was 50% in Rakhaldubi, 40% in Nolbari, 89% in Bhoirakupi and 60% in Phuljuri. The overall mortality recorded was 75% which warrants appropriate control measures against PPR to prevent the spread of disease.
Anonymous (2011). All India co-ordinated research project on animal disease monitoring and surveillance (AICRP on ADMAS). Annual Report 2010-11. AICRP on ADMAS Collaborating Unit: Guwahati, Assam, pp 77-78.
Anonymous (2014). All India co-ordinated research project on animal disease monitoring and surveillance (AICRP on ADMAS). Annual Report 2013-14. AICRP on ADMAS Collaborating Unit: ICAR, Umiam, p 35.
Balamurugan V, Saravanan P, Sen A, Rajak KK, Venkatesan G, Krishnamoorthy P, Bhanuprakesh V and Singh RK (2012). Prevalence of peste des petits ruminants among sheep and goats in India Journal of Veterinary Science 3(3):279-285.
Balamurugan V, Hemadri D, Gajendragad MR, Singh RK and Rahman H (2014a). Diagnosis and control of peste des petits ruminants: A comprehensive review. Virus Disease 25(1):39-56. doi: 10.1007/s13337-013-0188-2.
Balamurugan V, Das S, Raju DSN, Chakravarty I, Nagalingam M, Hemadri D, Govindaraj G, Ibotombi NS, Ltu K, Devi M, Sharma K, Gajendragad MR and Rahman H (2014b). Prevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats in North-East India. Virus Disease 25(4):488-492.
Chaudhary D, Muthuchelvan D, De A, Yadav AK, Sudhakar SB, Rajak KK and Pandey AB (2013). Molecular characterization of PPR virus from an outbreak in Tripura reveals its origin from Bangladesh. In: Asian-Pacific Congress of Virology (VIROCON 2013), Amity Institute of Virology and Immunology, Noida, UP. India 17-20 Dec. p 128.
Karam A, Bhattacharjee U, Puro K, Shakuntala I, Sanjukta R, Das S, Ghatak S and Sen A (2016). Detection of Peste des petits ruminants virus and goatpox virus from an outbreak in goats with high mortality in Meghalaya state, India. Veterinary World 9(9):1025-1027.
Majumder P (1997). Studies on an incidence of peste des petits ruminants in the regional goat breeding farm at Debipur, Tripura. Indian Journal of Animal Health 36:169-171.
Saravanan P, Sen A, Balamurugan V, Rajak KK, Bhanuprakash V, Palaniswami KS, Nachimuthu K, Thangavelu A, Dhinakarraj G, Hegde R and Singh RK (2010). Comparative efficacy of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccines. Biologicals 38:479-485.
Shaila MS, Shamaki D, Forsyth MA, Diallo A, Goatley L, Kitching RP and Barrett T (1996). Geographic distribution of peste des petits ruminants viruses. Virus Research 43(2):149-153. doi: 10.1016/0168-1702(96)01312-3.
Singh RP, Saravanan P, Sreenivasa BP, Singh RK and Bandyopadhyay SK (2004). Prevalence and distribution of peste des petits ruminants virus infection in small ruminants in India. Revue Scientifique et Technique – International Office of Epizootics 23:807-819.