Title: Gross and morphometrical studies on mandible of blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus)
Authors: Vikas Kumar, Sanjeev Joshi, Rakesh Mathur, Pankaj Thanvi and Devendra Singh
Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(1):43-46.
Cite this reference as: Kumar Vikas, Joshi Sanjeev, Mathur Rakesh, Thanvi Pankaj and Singh Devendra (2017). Gross and morphometrical studies on mandible of blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus). Ruminant Science 6(1):43-46.
The present study has been carried out on mandible of blue bull. It was the largest bone paired bone of the skull and made up of two halves, which were united with immovable articulation forming mandibular symphysis. It presented for description three surfaces and three borders. The lingual surface was smooth and concave. Its symphyseal surface was rough and irregular. The most prominent part of the curve of the ramus formed the angle of the jaw; the part of the ramus between the body and the angle was called horizontal part and carries the lower cheek teeth. The part of the ramus above the angle was termed the vertical part. The vertical part of ramus was non-tooth bearing, expanded vertical part of mandible. Each ramus presented for description two surfaces, two borders and two extremities. The lateral surface was widest at the angle and tapers towards the extremities.
Archana, Sudhakar LS and Sharma DN (1998). Anatomy of the mandible of yak (Bos grunniens). Indian Journal Veterinary Anatomy 10(1/2):16-20.
Choudhary OP and Singh I (2015). Morphometrical studies on the skull of Indian blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra). International Journal of Morphology 33(3):868-876.
Choudhary OP, Singh I, Bharti SK, Mohd KI, Sathapathy S and Mrigesh M (2015). Gross and morphometrical studies on mandible of blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra). International Journal of Morphology 33(2):428-432.
Gambo BG, Yahaya A, Girgiri I and Olopade JI (2014). Morphometric studies of the mandibular and maxillofacial regions of the Kuri cattle and the implications in regional anaesthesia. Folia Morphologia 74(2):183-187.
Hillmann DJ (1975). Equine osteology, skull. In: Sisson and Grossman’s The Anatomy of the Domestic Aanimals. Eds: R Getty. 5th Edn, WB Sounders Co, Philadelphia. Vol 1, pp 318-348.
Joshi H (2004). Gross anatomical studies of the skull of Indian tiger (Panthera tigris). MVSc Thesis submitted to RAU, Bikaner.
Kalita A, Sarma M and Sharma KK (2001b). Anatomy of mandible of Indian leopard. Indian Veterinary Journal 12(78):1138-1140.
Karimi I, Hadipour M, Nikbakht P and Motamedi S (2012). The lower jawbone of Mehraban sheep descriptive morphometric approach. World’s Veterinary Journal 2(4):57-60.
Kataba A, Mwaanga ES, Simukoko H and Parés CPM (2014). Clinical anatomy of the head region of Gwembe Valley dwarf goat in Zambia. International Journal of Veterinary Sciences 3(3):142-6.
Kumawat R, Joshi S, Mathur R and Choudhary OP (2014). Gross morphological studies on mandible of Indian spotted deer (Axis axis). Indian Veterinary Journal 91(9):105-107.
Mcfadyean J (1953). The skull. In: Osteology and Arthrology of Domestic Animals. 4th Edn, Balliere Tindall and Cox, London. pp 61-129.
Miller MS, Christensen GC and Evans HE (1964). The skeletal system, skull, The respiratory system, Nasal cavity. In: Anatomy of Dog. WB Sounders Co., Philadelphia. pp 6-49,716-718.
Monfared AL (2013). Gross Anatomical measurements of the head region of the Iranian native cattle (Bos taurus) and their clinical value for regional anesthesia. Global Veterinaria 10(2):219-222.
Olopade JO and Onwuka SK (2005). Some aspects of the clinical anatomy of the mandibular and maxillofacial regions of the west African dwarf goat in Nigeria. International Journal of Morphology 23(1):33-6.
Olopade JO and Onwuka SK (2007). Osteometric studies of the skull of red Sokoto (Maradi) goats (Capra hircus): Implications for regional anaesthesia of the head. International Journal of Morphology 25(2):407-10.
Purohit S, Malik V, Chaurasia MK, Kasoudhan AK, Ansari H, Singh S and Pandey RP (2013). Management of lower jaw fracture using interdental wiring (IDW) technique in adult bovine. Ruminant Science 2(1):99-101.
Raghavan D (1964). The skull, Nasal cavity. In: Anatomy of the ox, horse and dog. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp 49-94, 385-388.
Ray S, Dutta GK and Ray M (1997). Anatomy of the mandible of leopard (Panthera partus). Indian Veterinary Journal 74 (9):765-767.
Singh P (1984). Gross anatomical studies on the skull of camel (Camelus dromedarius). MVSc thesis submitted to HAU, Hissar, India.
Sisson S (1975). Ruminant osteology, skull. In: Sisson and Grossman’s The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. Eds: R Getty, 5th Edn, WB Sounder’s Co, Philadelphia. pp 762-774, 778-786.