Prevention and evaluation of post-caesarean uterine adhesions in torsion affected Mehsana buffaloes

Title: Prevention and evaluation of post-caesarean uterine  adhesions in torsion affected Mehsana buffaloes

Authors: PM Chauhan, VK Sharma, HC Nakhashi and TV Sutaria

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(1):35-38.

Cite this reference as: Chauhan PM, Sharma VK, Nakhashi HC and Sutaria TV (2019). Prevention and evaluation of post-caesarean uterine adhesions in torsion affected Mehsana buffaloes. Ruminant Science 8(1):35-38.


Twenty seven torsion affected Mehsana buffaloes equally divided in three groups were studied for prevention of uterine adhesions by applying 1% Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose (SCMC) @ 7 ml/kg b. wt. (Group-A), 2% SCMC @ 14 ml/kg b. wt (Group-B) and the hyaluronic acid @ 0.2 mg/kg b. wt. (Group-C) on the sutured uterus following caesarean whereas six buffaloes did not receive any treatment and were kept as control (Group-D). The SCMC was also advocated intraperitoneal to achieve hydro-floatation effect. The efficacy of treatments was assessed clinically by presence and severity of adhesions on day 45-50 post-caesarean as well as by estimation of blood plasma fibrinogen initially on day of hospitalization, immediately after delivery of fetus followed by 24 h later to fetal delivery and thereafter on day 3, 5 and 10 of post-caesarean. 1% SCMC and hyaluronic acid treatments were equally effective in preventing post-operative uterine adhesions in 42.86 % buffaloes with an additional advantage of higher percentage of mild type adhesions (75%) resulted from hyaluronic acid group than those of 1% SCMC group (50%). The plasma fibrinogen also did not differ significantly between these two groups specially after 24 h of fetal delivery (265.14±89.87 and 566.43±214.41 mg/dl), day 3 (442.00±219.23 and 993.43±262.67 mg/dl and subsequently on day 5 (631.00±184.00 and 726.86±187.80 mg/dl) whereas in 2% SCMC group, the fibrinogen concentration remained significantly higher than other treatment and control groups  besides a many fold rise in this group on day 3 and 5 (2452.86±594.90 and 1729.00±343.55 mg/dl) as compared to its preceding concentration after 24 h of fetal delivery (892.71±185.15 mg/dl). It is concluded that hyaluronic acid and 1% SCMC treatment prevented the post-operative uterine adhesions equally and efficiently in torsion affected buffaloes.


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