25-Title: Performance of lambs fed on milk replacer and its profitability in sheep rearing
Authors: M Umesh Yadav, YB Rajeshwari, Vivek M Patil, Mahadevappa D Gouri, S Naveen Kumar, TM Prabhu and SB Prasanna
Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):119-124.
How to cite this manuscript: Yadav M Umesh, Rajeshwari YB, Patil Vivek M, Gouri Mahadevappa D, Kumar S Naveen, Prabhu TM and Prasanna SB (2020). Performance of lambs fed on milk replacer and its profitability in sheep rearing. Ruminant Science 9(1):119-124.
The present study of 90 days duration was undertaken to investigate the performance and profitability of lambs fed on milk replacer in the rearing of local sheep (Sira strain). Forty-five lambs were equally divided into three different treatment groups of fifteen each. The lambs in group T1 had access to ewes’ milk, in group T2, lambs were fed on ewes’ milk and milk replacer both and in group T3, lambs were fed on milk replacer only. All the groups were provided with creep ration and agase (Sesbania grandiflora). The total DMI (g/d) was significantly (P<0.0001) higher in T2 (414.87) compared to T3 (404.11) and T1 (322.95). The ADG (g) was significantly (P<0.0001) high in T2 (131.32) followed by T3 (122.22) and T1 (112.77). The FCR was significantly (P<0.0001) better for T1 (2.86). Supplementing milk replacer along with ewe’s milk is beneficial to increase body weight and average daily gain in pre-weaning and post-weaning stages.
Bhatt RS, Tripathi MK, Verma DL and Karim SA (2009). Effect of different feeding regimes on pre-weaning growth, rumen fermentation and its influence on the post-weaning performance of lambs. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 93:568-576.
Delgado-Pertinez M, Guzman-Guerrero JL, Caravaca FP, Castel JM, Ruiz FA, Gonzalez- Redondo P and Alcalde MJ (2009). Effect of artificial vs. natural rearing on milk yield, kid growth and cost in Payoya autochthonous dairy goats. Small Ruminant Research 84(1-3):108-115.
Emsen E, Yaprak M, Bilgin OC, Emsen B and Ockerman HW (2004). Growth performance of Awassi lambs fed calf milk replacer. Small Ruminant Research 53:99-102.
Joshi RK, Yadav SB, Murdia CK, Purohit GN and Singh VK (2003). Weight gain and growth efficiency in Marwari sheep under arid condition of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 9(1):25-28.
Kumari Vinita, Chopra A, Pannu U, Prince LLL, Patel AK and Narula HK (2018). Effects of environmental factors on pre-weaning growth traits in Chokla sheep of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 7(2):203-206.
Latshaw JD (1991). Nutrition mechanisms of immune suppression. Veterinary Immunology Immunopathology 30:111-120.
Napolitano F, Cifuni GF, Pacelli C, Riviezzi AM and Girolami A (2002). Effect of artificial rearing on lamb welfare and meat quality. Journal of Meat Science 60:307-315.
Ngele MB, Adegbola TA, Bogoro SES and Kalla DJU (2013). Utilization of urea treated based rice straw: Effect of intake on performance, blood and rumen metabolites in sheep. Ruminant Science 2(1):19-26.
Ocak S and Cankaya S (2013). A novel method of analyzing rearing system on lamb growth and farm profitability. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8:495-499.
Oztabak K and Ozpinar A (2006). Growth performance and metabolic profile of Chios lambs prevented from colostrum intake and artificially reared on a calf milk replacer. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 30:319-324.
Paez LS, Grilli D, Egea V, Fucili M, Allegretti L and Guevara JC (2012). Growth and economic performance of kid production under different rearing systems and slaughter ages in arid areas of Argentina. Small Ruminant Research 131:6-11.
Pal RS and Bamania MK (2016). Studies on mortality rate in preweaning kids of Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 5(1):91-93.
Refshauge, Gordon B, Forbes GN and Hinch RV (2016). Neonatal lamb mortality: Factors associated with the death of Australian lambs. Animal Production Science 56:726-735
Rodriguez AB, Landa R, Bodas R, Prieto N, Manteco AR and Gira FJ (2008). Carcass and meat quality of Assaf milk fed lambs, effect of rearing system and sex. Journal of Meat Science 80:225-230.
Shashikumar MG, Prabhu TM, Gloridoss RG, Chandrapalsingh K, Suresh BN, Siddalingamurthy HK and Manjunatha SS (2017). Effect of feeding maize husk and cob based complete feed block on the growth performance and efficiency of nutrient utilization and growth in Mandya sheep. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 34(2):135-139.
Tripathi MK, Chaturvedi OH, Karim SA, Singh VK and Sisodiya SL (2007). Effect of different levels of concentrate allowances on rumen fluid pH, nutrient digestion, nitrogen retention and growth performance of weaner lambs. Small Ruminant Research 72:178-186.
Venkatesh BS, Prabhu TM, Gloridoss RG, Chandrapal Singh K, Nagaraja R and Manju GU (2014). Nutritional evaluation of Maize Husk: A new feed resource for small ruminants. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Science 48(3):406-412.
Zervas G, Hadjigeorgion I, Koutsotolis K and Tziala (1999). Comparison of a grazing with an indoor system of lambs fattening in Greece. Livestock Production Science 61:245-51.