33-Title: Management of compound long bone fractures by free form external skeletal fixation using epoxy putty in bovine calves: A review of 20 cases
Authors: Tushar Rawat, Akash, Rohit Kumar, Mohar Singh, Dipanshu Bisht, Prakash Kinjavdekar, AC Saxena and Amarpal
Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):159-167.
How to cite this manuscript: Rawat Tushar, Akash, Kumar Rohit, Singh Mohar, Bisht Dipanshu, Kinjavdekar Prakash, Saxena AC and Amarpal (2020). Management of compound long bone fractures by free form external skeletal fixation using epoxy putty in bovine calves: A review of 20 cases. Ruminant Science 9(1):159-167.
Twenty bovine calves (weighing 50-120 kg, 12 females and 8 males) aged 4 months to 1 year presented with long bone fractures were stabilized by applying multiplanar external skeletal fixation (ESF) using epoxy putty (M-seal) following appropriate anaesthetic protocol. The status of fracture healing and weight bearing by the animals were regularly observed. All the animals were given a course of antibiotic therapy and regular wound dressing during treatment. Early weight bearing along with radiographic union (within 30 to 60 days) was observed in 8 cases, satisfactory weight bearing and delayed union with mild lameness were observed in 8 cases during four months observation period. It was concluded that multiplanar epoxy-pin ESF provides rigid and stable fixation for open fractures of long bones below stifle and elbow joint in animals weighing up to 120.
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