12-Title: Prevalence of bubaline jaundice in Marathwada region of Maharashtra
Authors: KS Kedar, AU Bhikane, RK Jadhav and YM Wankhede
Source: Ruminant Science (2021)-10(1):67-71.
How to cite this manuscript: Kedar KS, Bhikane AU, Jadhav RK and Wankhede YM (2021). Prevalence of bubaline jaundice in Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Ruminant Science 10(1):67-71.
The present study was carried out to record the prevalence of jaundice in buffaloes from Latur, Nanded and Parbhani districts of Marathwada and Bidar district of Karnataka. A total of 1917 clinical cases of buffaloes presented to TVCC, COVAS, Udgir were screened for the occurrence of jaundice. Thirty-two clinical cases of jaundice in buffaloes were found clinically and biochemically positive for jaundice with an overall hospital prevalence of 1.67%. The highest prevalence of jaundice was observed in 5 to 8 years old buffaloes (1.96%) followed by <4 years old (1.57%) and >8 years old buffaloes (1.17%). Breed-wise maximum prevalence was recorded in Marathwadi buffaloes (1.27%) followed by non-descript buffaloes (1.04%), graded Murrah (0.53%) and Murrah (0.36%) buffaloes. The maximum prevalence of jaundice was noticed in lactating buffaloes (1.83%), followed by pregnant (1.57%) and dry buffaloes (0.65%). Jaundice was recorded throughout the year with the highest prevalence during monsoon (2.17%) followed by post-monsoon (2.30%), summer (1.17%) and winter season (0.82%). Haemato-biochemical data analysis showed 16 cases each of hepatic and haemolytic jaundice in study buffaloes.
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