14-Title: Effect of dietary supplementation of raw sunflower seeds on the milk production, composition and fatty acid profile of dromedary camels
Authors: Tahereh Mohammadabadi, Magid Hassan Alasadi and Haider Ibrahim Ali
Source: Ruminant Science (2021)-10(1):77-80.
How to cite this manuscript: Mohammadabadi Tahereh, Alasadi Magid Hassan and Ali Haider Ibrahim (2021). Effect of dietary supplementation of raw sunflower seeds on the milk production, composition and fatty acid profile of dromedary camels. Ruminant Science 10(1):77-80.
Present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of raw sunflower seed supplimentation in diet on the milk production, composition and fatty acid profile of dairy dromedary camels. Twelve lactating camels (mean 7 years age, average body weight 570 kg divided into a control group without sunflower seed and the experimental group fed with sunflower seed for 1 month. These camels had access to pasture forage in the desert. The result showed adding of sunflower seed increased milk production in comparison to the control (5.7 litre/day and 3.5 liter/day, respectively). Milk fat % was higher in the diet containing sunflower seed (4.52 versus 3.6%). The inclusion of sunflower seed increased milk protein compared to the control (P<0.05). But there was no difference between treatments regarding milk lactose and ash% but milk water decreased (P<0.05). Using of sunflower seed in camels diet did not influence saturated fatty acids but unsaturated and C18:3, C18:2, C18:1 and CLA (0.38 and 0.29%, for the experimental and control group, respectively) significantly increased in the experimental group (P<0.05). The C18:1t decreased in the milk of camels fed to sunflower seed (P<0.05). According to the current study, feeding raw sunflower seed by 400 mg/day to dromedary camels increased milk production, fat, protein and unsaturated fatty acids of dromedary camel milk that effectively influence healthy.
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