14-Title: Seasonal variations in activity of serum enzymes in Bikaneri and Jaisalmeri breeds of camel (Camelus dromedarius)

14-Title: Seasonal variations in activity of serum enzymes in Bikaneri and Jaisalmeri breeds of camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Authors: Barkha Gupta, GS Gottam, Vishnu Sharma, Sanjita Sharma, PK Mittal and DR Bilochi

Source: Ruminant Science (2022)-11(1):63-66.

How to cite this manuscript: Gupta Barkha, Gottam GS, Sharma Vishnu, Sharma Sanjita, Mittal PK and Bilochi DR (2022). Seasonal variations in activity of serum enzymes in Bikaneri and Jaisalmeri breeds of camel (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 11(1):63-66.


The present study was conducted to evaluate the seasonal variations in the activity of serum enzymes in Bikaneri and Jaisalmeri breeds of the camel. Blood samples were collected from sixty apparently healthy milking camels of Bikaneri and Jaisalmeri breeds (30 each) during summer, rainy and winter season. Serum was separated for the estimation of enzymes i.e. AST, ALT, ALP and LDH by using an automated blood biochemistry analyzer. Serum AST and ALT were higher in summer followed by rainy and winter season while serum LDH was higher in winter followed by rainy and summer season in both Bikaneri and Jaisalmeri breeds of the camel. There was a significant effect (P<0.05) of interaction of breed and season on serum ALP activity while ALT and LDH showed a highly significant (P<0.01) effect. A highly significant (P<0.01) effect of overall season was observed on serum AST, ALT and LDH but ALP showed a non-significant (P>0.05) effect. There was a highly significant (P<0.01) increase in serum ALT and LDH activity in Jaisalmeri camel whereas serum AST and ALP showed a non-significant (P>0.05) effect of the breed. These reference values will helpful in diagnosis of various diseases in camels.



Abdalla EB, Zeidan AEB, Abd El-Salaam AM and Maiada Allam WA (2011). Thermoregulation and blood biochemical changes in male dromedary camels during hot-humid and hot dry environments under Egyptian conditions. Journal of Camel Practice and Research 18(2):297-304.

Aichouni A, JeblawiR, Dellal A, HammouH and Aggad H (2010). Breed variation in blood constituents of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedaries) in Algeria. Journal of Camelid Science 3:19-25.

Ali S, Ahmad N, Akhtar N and Noakes DE (2008). Metabolite contents of blood serum and fluid from small and large-sized follicles in dromedary camels during the peak and the low breeding seasons. Animal Reproduction Science 108:446-456.

Al Qarawi AA and Ali BH (2003). Variations in the normal activity of esterases in plasma and liver of camels (Camelus dromedarius), cattle (Bos indicus), sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircus). Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A50:201-203.

Alzubaidi NA and Hassan AKA (2019). Comparative study of some haematological and biochemical characterizes of camels (Camelus dromedarius) in south region of Iraq. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 571(1):012054.

Asopa Shesh, Vyas I, Dadhich H, Joshi A and Rani S (2021). Haematobiochemical alterations associated with enteritis in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 10(2):363-366.

Badakhshan Y and Mirmahmoudi R (2016). Blood metabolites of one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) versus sheep during summer heat stress. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 10:65-71.

Badawy MT, Gawish HS, Marwa AK, El-Nouty FD and Hassan GA (2008). Seasonal variations in hemato-biochemical parameters in mature one humped she-camels in the northwestern coast of Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Animal Production 45(2):155-164.

Bargaâ R, LektibI, Farh M, El Abbadi N, Belhouari A and El-KhasmiM (2016). Seasonal variations of biochemical profile and its correlations with thyroid and adrenal gland hormones in Morrocan camel (Camelus dromedarius). International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research 2(6):1858-1872.

Bengoumi M, Faye B and De La Farge F (1997). Clinical enzymology in the dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius). Part II. Effect of season, age, sex, castration, lactation and pregnancy on serum AST, ALT, GGT, AP and LDH activity. Journal of Camel Practice and Research 4:25-29.

Brahim Hamad, Hebib Aggad, Leyla Hadef and Aicha Adaika (2018); Effect of seasons on blood biochemical parameters in male dromedary camels in Algeria. Indian Journal of Animal Research 52:678-682.

Du Preez JH, Giesecke WH, and Hattingh PJ (1990). Heat stress in dairy cattle and other livestock under Southern African conditions. I. Temperature-humidity index mean values during the four main seasons. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 57:77-87.

Duncan D B (1955). Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11(1):1-42.

El-Anwar AH, Mabrouk EA and IbrahimSS (1993). Effect of muscular exercise on some serum biochemical constituents in camels. Veterinary Medical Journal-Giza 41:83-85.

El Hamid IS (2021). Blood constituents, antioxidant activities and hormonal profile in she-camels (Camelus dormedarius) during different physiological statuses in the Northwestern Coast of Egypt. International Journal of Veterinary Science 10(4):247-258.

Eyob I, Gezahegne M, Alemayew L and Simenew K (2018). Serum biochemical parameters of apparently healthy camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Ethiopia. European Journal of Biological Sciences 10(3):80-85.

Farooq U, Samad H, Khurshid A and Sajjad S (2011). Normal reference hematological values of one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) kept in Cholistan desert. Journal of Animal and Plant Science 21(2):157-160.

Faye B and Bengoumi M (2018). Camel Clinical Biochemistry and Hematology. Cham: Springer.

Jalali SM, Hasani YN and Darabifard A (2018). A study of hematologic and biochemical profile in female dromedary camels during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. Comparative Clinical Pathology 27:655-659.

Kataria N and Bhatia JS (1991). Activity of some enzymes in the serum of dromedary camels. Research in Veterinary Science 51:174-176.