17-Title: Seasonal evaluation of semen in Holstein Friesian cross breed bulls
Authors: SD Kharde, SD Ingole, PM Kekan, SV Bharucha and AS Nagvekar
Source: Ruminant Science (2021)-10(2):329-332.
How to cite this manuscript: Kharde SD, Ingole SD, Kekan PM, Bharucha SV and Nagvekar AS (2021). Seasonal evaluation of semen in Holstein Friesian cross breed bulls. Ruminant Science 10(2):329-332.
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of seasons on semen quality. A total of eight Holstein Friesian (HF) cross healthy bulls were selected aged between 3-8 years. The semen samples were collected by using an artificial vagina, during morning hours from 7.30 am to 9.00 am, twice weekly in different seasons of the year (winter, summer and monsoon). The microscopic analysis of semen samples was carried out by standard procedure. The result indicated that the ejaculated volume and pH were non-significantly higher in monsoon, whereas the density of semen was significantly (P<0.01) higher in winter than in other seasons. Sperm concentration, initial motility and live sperm count (%) were significantly (P<0.01) higher in winter and lowest in summer. Other parameters such as mass activity and abnormal sperm count were higher in summer than in winter and monsoon. However, HOST % is significantly (P<0.01) higher in monsoon. Therefore, it is concluded that high environmental temperature and temperature-humidity index significantly (P<0.01) affect semen quality.
Andre HCD, Rugira KD, Elyse A, Claire I, Vincent N, Celestin M, Maximillian M, Tiba M, Pascal N, Marie NA, Christine K and Daphrose G (2017) Influence of breed, season and age on quality bovine semen used for artificial insemination. International Journal of Livestock Production 86 (6):72-78.
Bhakat M, Mohanty T, Gupta and Abdullah M (2014). Effect of season on semen quality of crossbred (Karan Fries) bulls. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 2(11):632.
Cardozo J, Fernandez-Juan M, Forcada F, Abecia A, Muino-Blanco T and Cebrian-Perez JA (2006). Monthly variations in ovine seminal plasma proteins analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Theriogenology 66(4):841-850.
Hansen PJ (2013). Cellular and molecular basis of therapies to ameliorate effects of heat stress on embryonic development in cattle. Animal Reproduction 10(3):322-333.
Hossain ME, Khatun MM, Islam MM and Miazi OF (2012). Semen characteristics of breeding bulls at the Central Cattle Breeding and Dairy Farm of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science 41(1):1-5.
Kumar A, Singh P, Bhakat M and Singh S (2015). Relationship between scrotal circumference and hormonal levels with semen quality in Murrah buffalo young bulls. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 68(3):271-273.
McManus C, Louvandini H, Paim, TP, Martins RS, Barcellos JOJ, Cardoso C, Guimarães RF and Santana OA (2011). The challenge of sheep farming in the tropics: Aspects related to heat tolerance. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 40:107-120.
Mishra GK, Tiwari R, Rehman SU, RathoreKS, Singh RB, Saxena SK and Siddiqui MU (2012). Effect of seasons on semen production performance of Jersey bulls. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 65(6):497-500.
Morrell JM (2020). Heat stress and bull fertility. Theriogenology 153:62-67.
Nongbua T, Utta A, Am-in N, Suwimonteerabutr J, Anders Johannisson A and Morrell JM (2020). Effects of season and single layer centrifugation on bull sperm quality in Thailand. Asian-Australas Journal of Animal Science 33(9):1411-1420.
Prastowo S, Myristica STK, Nuzul W, Adi R, Ahmad P and Indra AS (2018). Effect of season on semen production and quality parameter in Indonesian Bali Cattle (Bos Javanicus). Proceedings of International Conference on Science and Applied Science Pp 020005.
Prastowo S, Widyas N, Ratriyanto A, Kusuma MST, Dharmawan P, Setiawan IA and Bachtiar A (2019). Individual variance component of fresh semen quality in Bali cattle (Bos javanicus) Bull. Proceedings of the 1st Animal Science and Food Technology Conference (AnSTC) 372:012025.
Santoso, Herdis, Arifiantini RI, Gunawan A and Sumantri C (2021). Characteristics and Potential Production of Frozen Semen of Pasundan Bull. Tropical Animal Science Journal 44(1):24-31.
Sarder JU (2007). Environment related variations in the semen characteristics of bulls used for artificial insemination (AI) programme in Bangladesh. University Journal of Zoology. Rajshahi University 26:81-88.
Sharma M (2018). Effect of season on seminal characteristics of bovine bull. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 64(5):2332-2336.
Sharma M, Yaqoob B, Singh A, Sharma N and Rawat S (2017). Effect of temperature humidity index on semen quality of bovine bull. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science 6(12):1822-1830.
Sontakke SH, Shende VH, Ajeet Singh, Khadse JR, Potdar VV, Phadke NL and Pande AB (2020). Effect of age and season on the seminal traits of pure HF bulls under tropical condition. Indian Journal of Animal Research 54(9):3872.
Tomar NS (1986). Artificial Insemination and Reproduction of cattle and buffaloes. 3rd edn. Saroj Prakashan, Allahabad, India.