19-Title: Impact of non-genetic factors on semen characteristics of indigenous cattle bulls under semi-arid region of Rajasthan

19-Title: Impact of non-genetic factors on semen characteristics of indigenous cattle bulls under semi-arid region of Rajasthan

Authors: Sunil Kumar Meena, Prakash Chandra Sharma, Samita Saini, Mukesh Kumar Gahan, Priyanka Swami, Devkishan Gurjar and Vachaspati Narayan

Source: Ruminant Science (2023)-12(1):103-108.

How to cite this manuscript: Meena Sunil Kumar, Sharma Prakash Chandra, Saini Samita, Gahan Mukesh Kumar, Swami Priyanka, Gurjar Devkishan and Narayan Vachaspati (2023). Impact of non-genetic factors on semen characteristics of indigenous cattle bulls under semi-arid region of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 12(1):103-108.


Evaluation of non-genetic factors on semen production potential of bulls on 6708 ejaculates from Rathi, Sahiwal, Tharparkar and Gir maintained at Frozen Semen Bank (FSB), India for the period of four years from 2017-2020 was analyzed. The Semen characteristics were drawn from Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH) application maintained at FSB, Bassi, Jaipur and National Dairy Development Board (NDDB). Data revealed that average semen volumes were 3.02±0.07 mL, 4.37±0.07 mL 3.47±0.08 mL and 4.44±0.06 mL for Rathi, Sahiwal, Tharparker and Gir bulls, respectively. Non-genetic factors viz. season, period, breed, order and age of bulls showed a significant difference in the various semen parameters. Among various indigenous breeds, higher estimates of semen concentration, motility, total ejaculation volume (TEV) and post thaw motility (PTM) were recorded in Sahiwal bulls whereas semen volume was observed higher in Gir bulls. Seasonal analysis revealed winter and autumn as favourable seasons for higher quantity and quality semen production with a significant difference. Except semen motility, all parameters presented significantly increased values with increasing age. Sahiwal bulls are reported to be the most suitable for better quality semen production under subtropical environment.


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