24-Title: Effect of rearing of osmanabadi kids on varying animal density on their performance

24-Title: Effect of rearing of osmanabadi kids on varying animal density on their performance

Authors: YM Kalambe, MBA Siddiqui, MD Kharwadkar and PV Yeotikar

Source: Ruminant Science (2023)-12(1):127-130.

How to cite this manuscript: Kalambe YM, Siddiqui MBA, Kharwadkar MD and Yeotikar PV (2023). Effect of rearing of osmanabadi kids on varying animal density on their performance. Ruminant Science 12(1):127-130.


This experiment was conducted to study the effect of the rearing of Osmanabadi kids on varying animal density on their performance for three months. Eighteen Osmanabadi kids with similar age, size, and body weight and of either sex were randomly selected and equally divided into three groups comprising of six in each group; group T0 (0.7 m2), group T1 (0.8 m2) and group T2 (0.9 m2 floor space/ animal). All the groups were managed under a similar system of feeding and management. The body weight of the kids at the end of the experiment were 10.97, 11.43 and 11.39 kg, respectively. The average weekly weight gain and average daily weight gain were 0.13, 0.16, 0.15 kg and 0.018, 0.022 and 0.022 kg, respectively. There was a non-significant effect of floor space on average daily and weekly weight gain of Osmanabadi kids. The average daily feed intake of the treatment groups T0, T1 and T2 were 8.40, 8.55 and 8.51 kg, respectively, and the average daily water intake was 2.37, 2.83 and 3.03 litre, respectively. The feed and water intake showed highly significant differences amongst treatment groups.


Animut G, Goetsch AL, Aiken GE, Puchala R, Detweiler G, Krehbiel CR, Merkel RC, Sahlu T, Dawson LJ, Johnson ZB and Kiesler DH (2006). Performance by goats and sheep consuming a concentrate-based diet subsequent to grazing grass/forb pastures at three stocking rates. Small Ruminant Research 66:92-101.

Arehart LA Jr, Lewis JM, Hinds FC and Mansfield ME (1969). Space allowance for lambs on slotted floors. Available from http://academic.oup.com/jas/article/29/4/638/4697303 by University of New South Wales.

Arora R, Goswami SC and Maan R (2021). Study on the effect of improved shelter management practices on the physiological parameters of Sahiwal cattle in arid region of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 10(1):89-92.

Attia Noura El-Shahat (2016). Physiological, hematological and biochemical alterations in heat stressed goats. Benha Veterinary Medical Journal 31(2):56-62.

Bhakat Champak and Nagpual PK (2005). Effect of housing system on the growth performance of crossbred goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 75(1):69-73.

Casamassima D, Sevi A, Palazzo M, Ramacciato R, Colella GE and Bellitti A (2001). Effects of two different housing systems on behaviour, physiology and milk yield of Comisana ewes. Small Ruminant Research 14:151-161.

Fisher AD, Crowe MA, Kiely PO and Enright WJ (1997). Growth, behaviour, adrenal and immune responses of finishing beef heifers housed on slatted floors at 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 m2 space allowance. Livestock Production Science 51:245-254.

Fraser AF and Broom DM (1990). Farm Animal Behavior and Welfare, Wallingford: Cab International, pp 437.

Hickey MC, Earley B and Fisher AD (2003). The effect of floor type and space allowance on welfare indicators of finishing steers. Irish Journal of Agriculture and Food Research 42:89-100.

Horton GMJ, Malinowski K, Burgher CC and Palatini DD (1991). The effect of space allowance and sex n blood catecholamines and cortisol, feed consumption and average daily gain in growing lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 32:197-204.

Iji PA, Umunna NN, Alawa JP and Ikwuegbu OA (2009). The performance of West African Dwarf does and their kids at various stocking densities on stylo-based pasture in the subhumid zone of Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture Science 125(2):263-271.

Karabacak Ali, Ibrahim Aytekin and Saim Boztepe (2015). Fattening performance and carcass characteristics of Akkaraman lambs in different housing system. Indian Journal of Animal Research 49(4):515-522.

Kaya Serafettin (2011). The effects of outdoor housing and cafeteria feeding on growth performance and feeding behavior of Awassi lambs kept in hot climate condition. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 10(19):2550-2556.

Krishna N and Prasad JA (1985). Effect of’ stall-feeding on Jamunapari weaner kids on performance and carcass characteristics. Cheiron 14(4):173-77.

Li SG, Yang YX, Rhee YJ, Jang WJ, Ha JJ, Lee SK and Song YH (2010). Growth, behaviour and carcass traits of fattening Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) steers managed in different group sizes. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 23(7):952-959.

Loynes IJ (1983). Sheep house design. Housing Sheep. Farm Buildings Information Centre. Kenilworth, Stoneleigh, UK.

Mellado Miguel, Raul Valdez, Laura M Lara and Ramiro Lopez (2003). Stocking rate effects on goats: a research observation. Journal of Range Management 56(2):167-173.

Mohamed Hesham H and Mohamed El-Sayed Mohamed (2013). Studying the behaviour and performance of Balady male goats managed in different group sizes with the same individual floor space under Egyptian conditions. Benha Veterinary Medical Journal 24(1):34-42.

Mohan K, Goswami SC, Jhirwal AK, Kumar V, Singh V, Choudhary P, Manohar DS and Meel S (2018). Housing and milking management practices followed by rathi cattle owners for conservation of Rathi cattle in Bikaner district of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 7(1):113-116.

Petherick JC and Phillips CJC (2009). Space allowances for confined livestock and their determination from allometric principles. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 117:1-12.

SPSS Inc. Released (2008). SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 17.0. Chicago: SPSS Inc.

Tapki I, Sahin  A and Onal AG (2006). Effect of space allowance on behavior on newborn milk fed dairy calves. Applied Animal Behavior Sciences 99(1):12-20.

Thakur A, Malik DS, Kaswan S and Saini AL (2017). Effect of different floor space allowance on the performance and behavior of Beetal kids under stall-fed conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Research 51(4):776-780.

Thakur Chakresh, Shahi Apra, Singh Randhir and Swamy Madhu (2018). Incidence and characterization of hoof affections in goats. Ruminant Science 7(2):319-324.

Thiruvenkadan AK, Karunanithi K, Narendra Babu R and Arunachalan K (2008). Comparative performance of Mecheri lambs under different management systems. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 14(1):84-88.

Van Do Thi Thanh, Nguyen Thi Mui and Inger Ledin (2007). Effect of group size on feed intake, aggressive behavior and growth rate in goat kids and lambs. Small Ruminant Research 72:187-196.

Wang Zhongwu, Shuying Jiao, Guodonghan, Mengli Zhao, Walter D Willms, XiyingHao, Jian’an Wang, Haijun Din and Kris M Havstad (2011). Impact of stocking rate and rainfall on sheep performance in desert steppe. Rangeland Ecology and Management 64:249-256.