27-Title: Prevalence of paratuberculosis in cattle of Jaipur city, Rajasthan
Authors: Rahul Tiwari, Rashmi Singh, Nirmal K Jeph, DS Meena, Nazeer Mohammad and Sarjna Meena
Source: Ruminant Science (2021)-10(2):383-388.
How to cite this manuscript: Tiwari Rahul, Singh Rashmi, Jeph Nirmal K, Meena DS, Mohammad Nazeer and Meena Sarjna (2021). Prevalence of paratuberculosis in cattle of Jaipur city, Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 10(2):383-388.
The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of paratuberculosis in cattle. A total of 200 serum samples were collected from cattle of a gaushala in Jaipur city and subjected to ELISA and single intradermal tuberculin test. For bovine paratuberculosis, the overall prevalence obtained was 3.5% in cattle. Individual test wise, 5.5% and 8% of animals were found positive to SIT and ELISA, respectively. Higher prevalence was observed in the age group above 5 years as 5.84% and 9.49% by SIT and ELISA, respectively. Also, the prevalence was found higher in crossbred cattle as 12.06% and 13.79% by SIT and ELISA, respectively. For paratuberculosis in cattle, comparison of results for SIT and ELISA tests was found statistically non-significant (p>0.05) with respect to age. Concerning breed, comparison of results for both tests was found statistically significant (p<0.05) in cattle. The kappa value to know the agreement between SIT and ELISA test was 0.48 for paratuberculosis in cattle. It shows an intermediate to good agreement between both the tests. Overall ELISA was found more sensitive than SIT test for diagnosis of paratuberculosis. Study shows the prevalence of paratuberculosis in cattle of Gaushala in Jaipur, which was found more in the crossbred and higher age group of animals
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