36-Title: Pathomorphological alterations of hardware disease in buffaloes

36-Title: Pathomorphological alterations of hardware disease in buffaloes

Authors: Priyanka, Nitin Dev Singh, Geeta Devi Leishangthem and Kuldip Gupta

Source: Ruminant Science (2022)-11(1):177-180.

How to cite this manuscript: Priyanka, Singh Nitin Dev, Leishangthem Geeta Devi and Gupta Kuldip (2022). Pathomorphological alterations of hardware disease in buffaloes. Ruminant Science 11(1):177-180.


The present study was conducted on fifteen buffaloes carcases aged 4 to 9 years presented during 2019-2021 (2 years) for necropsy in the Department of Veterinary Pathology of the institute. The carcasses were presented with the clinical history of anorexia, open mouth breathing with flaring of nostrils, recumbency, fever, hard mucoid faeces, brisket oedema and distended jugular vein. On gross examination, yellowish fluid was observed in the abdominal as well as the thoracic cavity. The reticulum was adhered to the diaphragm. Metal wire was detected penetrating the wall of the reticulum and passing through the diaphragm. Fibrinous deposits were observed on the pericardium of the heart giving it a shaggy appearance. The pericardial sac was thickened and adhered to the pericardium. On histopathological examination, the pericardium was observed thick with fibrinous tissue and inflammatory cell infiltrations. The fibrin strands trapped inflammatory cells. Inflammatory cells were also observed in the myocardium which replaced the degenerated muscle. It was concluded that the buffaloes collapsed due to ingestion of metal foreign body which mainly affected the heart and other organs of the body.


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