4-Title: Studies on comparison of milk composition in red Kandhari and crossbred cows of Marathwada region

4-Title: Studies on comparison of milk composition in red Kandhari and crossbred cows of Marathwada region

Authors: PA Ghuge, PV Yeotikar, PB Ghorpade, SS Gaikwad, SA Amrutkar, MD Kharwadkar and LA Pangaonkar

Source: Ruminant Science (2023)-12(1):25-28.

How to cite this manuscript: Ghuge PA, Yeotikar PV, Ghorpade PB, Gaikwad SS, Amrutkar SA, Kharwadkar MD and Pangaonkar LA (2023). Studies on comparison of milk composition in red Kandhari and crossbred cows of Marathwada region. Ruminant Science 12(1):25-28.


The present study was carried out in the Marathwada region to compare the milk composition of indigenous Red Kandhari cows and Crossbred cows. A total of 60 milk samples were collected from indigenous Red Kandhari and Crossbred cows and analysed for physico-chemical properties. The experiment included investigations of different milk constituents viz; Milk Fat %, SNF %, Protein %, Lactose %, Corrected Lactometer Reading (CLR)%, Water % and Salt % in Red Kandhari and Crossbred cows. The milk samples were analysed for different milk constituents with Lactosure Eco-S Solar powered analyser. The milk composition data were statistically analyzed to compare group means to find out the variation between two groups by applying student T-test. There was a significant difference showed in mean values of Milk SNF per cent, Milk CLR per cent (P<0.01) and Milk Lactose per cent (P<0.05) between the two groups of cows. There was a non-significant numerical increase in Milk Fat per cent and Milk Water per cent of Red Kandhari cows than Crossbred cows. However, the mean values of Milk Protein per cent and Milk Salt per cent in Crossbred cows were numerically higher than Red Kandhari cows. The lower milk SNF per cent level among the Red Kandhari cow might be due to the impact of management, unique genetic makeup of indigenous breeds, different feeding patterns and differences in husbandry practices used.


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