44-Title: Prevalence of inflammatory conditions of upper gastro-intestinal tract of the cattle (Bos indicus) in western Rajasthan

44-Title: Prevalence of inflammatory conditions of upper gastro-intestinal tract of the cattle (Bos indicus) in western Rajasthan

Authors: Sonia Sharma, Hemant Dadhich, Manisha Mathur and Pushpa Kumari

Source: Ruminant Science (2022)-11(2):479-483.

How to cite this manuscript: Sharma Sonia, t DadhichHeman, Mathur Manisha and Kumari Pushpa (2022). Prevalence of inflammatory conditions of upper gastro-intestinal tract of the cattle (Bos indicus) in western Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 11(2):479-483.


Upper gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) of cattle has considerable biological and economic importance. Efforts have been made to correlate the pathological conditions observed in different parts of upper GIT to explain their clinical importance. In this study, a total of 388 cattle screened of either sex, irrespective of age groups and breeds in western Rajasthan. Post-mortem examination was carried out and various samples of upper GIT which were showing frank macroscopic lesions were collected for further histopathological examination. An overall prevalence of various inflammatory conditions in upper GIT affecting the cattle were recorded as 16.75 per cent. The incidence of inflammatory conditions in various parts of upper gastro-intestinal tract was cheilitis (6.15%), gingivitis (9.23%), stomatitis (7.69%), glossitis (6.15%), pharyngitis (3.07%), esophagitis (4.61%), acute ruminitis (20%), mycotic ruminitis (4.61%), acute reticulitis (4.61%), chronic reticulitis (7.69%), omasitis (6.15%) and abomasitis (23.07%). In the entire research, the most common findings were abomasitis and acute ruminitis.


Azizi S, Amirmohammadi M, Kheirandish R, Davoodian Z and Goodarzi M (2017). Occurrence of haemangiosarcoma on the gingiva of a calf: A case report. Bulgarian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 20(2):183-188

Braun U, Gautschi A, Reichle S and Gerspach C (2010). Severe inflammation of the muzzle caused by a nose ring in a breeding bull. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 152(9):432-434.

Dyer N, Register KB, Miskimins D and Newell T (2013). Necrotic pharyngitis associated with Mycoplasma bovis infections in American bison (Bison bison).  Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 25(2):301-303.

Dyer NW and Newell TK (2002). Mycotic rumenitis in American bison (Bison bison). Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 14:414-416.

Fabis JJ, Szkudlarek L, Risatti GR, Sura R, Garmendia AE and Van Kruiningen HJ (2008). Herpetiform genital lesions in a heifer with mucosal disease. Veterinary Pathology 45:212-216

Gava A, da Silva ND, Gava D, de Moura S, Schild AL and Riet-Correa F (2002). Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) poisoning in cattle in southern Brazil. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 44(6): 362-365.

Kitching RP (2002). Clinical variation in foot and mouth disease: cattle. Revue Scientifique et Technique – Office International des Epizooties 21(3):499-504.

Kruiningen HJV, Nyaoke CA, Sidor IF, Fabis JJ, Hinckley LS and Lindell KA (2009). Clostridial abomasal disease in Connecticut dairy calves. Canadian Veterinary Journal 50:857-860.

Lillie RD (1965). Histopathological Technique and Practical Histochemistry. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York and London.

Londhe MS, Mahajan NK, Gupta RP and Londhe RM (2012). Review on prion diseases in animals with emphasis on Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy. Veterinary World 5(7):443-448.

Luna LG (1968). Manual of Histologic Staining Method of Armed Forces Institute. McGraw Hill Book Co, New York and London.

Maclachlan NJ, Drew CP, Darpel KE and Worwal G (2009). The pathology and pathogenesis of bluetongue. Journal of Comparative Pathology 141(1):1-16.

McCrindle CM, Mokantla E and Duncan N (2001). Peracute vanadium toxicity in cattle grazing near a vanadium mine. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 3(6):580-582.

McGavin MD, Carlton, WW and Zachary JF (2001). Special Veterinary Pathology. 3rd Edn, Mosby Elsevier, USA.

Njaa BL, Panciera RJ, Clark EG and Lamm CG (2012). Gross lesions of alimentary disease in adult cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 28(3):483-513.

Panciera RJ, Boileau MJ and Step DL (2007). Tympany, acidosis and mural emphysema of the stomach in calves: Report of cases and experimental induction. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 19:392-393.

Peer FU and Ansari MM (2008). Clinico-therapeutic management of acute pharyngitis in bovines. North-East Veterinarian 8(2):12.

De Sant’Ana FJ, Rabelo RE, Vulcani VA, Cargnelutti JF and Flores EF (2012). Bovine papular stomatitis affecting dairy cows and milkers in midwestern Brazil. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 24(2):442-445.

Dinesh, Niwas Ram, Kumar Sandeep, Priyanka and Saharan Sandeep (2020). Diagnosis and surgical management of reticular abscess in two buffaloes. Ruminant Science 9(1):203-204.

Purohit S, Kumar Vimlesh, Singh Anil, Sharma Prabha, Yadav Atul, Sharma Chetan, Raveendra RT, Reddy PVV and Pandey RP (2019). Surgico-therapeutic management of oesophageal affections in cows and buffaloes. Ruminant Science 8(1):115-124.

Singh G (2019). Pathomorphological and haemato-biochemical studies on various conditions of the digestive tract in sheep (Ovies aries) in Southern Region of Rajasthan. PhD thesis submitted to RAJUVAS, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Sharma Naresh, Vyas Indu, Dadhich Hemant, Rani Sunita, Soni Jasraj and Mathur Manisha (2013). Occurrence of pathological conditions affecting the oral cavity in sheep (Ovis aries). Ruminant Science 2(1):37-39.

Sharma Naresh, Dadhich Hemant, Vyas Indu, Kumari Puspa and Kumar A (2014a). Occurrence and pathology of amphistomiasis in sheep (Ovis aries). Ruminant Science 4(1):59-60.

Sharma Naresh, Dadhich Hemant, Vyas Indu, Kumari Puspa and Kumar A (2014b). Occurrence and pathology of hemonchosis in the abomasum of sheep (Ovis aries). Ruminant Science 3(2):155-56.

Sharma Satbir, Chaudhary RN, Saharan Sandeep, Tiwari Deepak Kumar, Pandey Anand Kumar, Sindhu Neelesh and Gupta Tarun Kumar (2015). Pharyngeal leiomyoma and its management in a buffalo. Ruminant Science 4(1):131-132.

Sodhi Harmanpreet Singh, Mohindroo J, Sharma Ashwani Kumar, Mahajan Sashi Kant and Verma Pallavi (2019). Clinical manifestations of gastrointestinal tract disorders in bovine. Ruminant Science 8(2):257-262.

Taghipour BT, Movassaghi AR and Bakhtiari J (2008). Idiopathic lingual fossa ulcer in cattle in Iran. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research 9:168-170.