46-Title: Uterine torsion in Murrah buffaloes: A study of one year

46-Title: Uterine torsion in Murrah buffaloes: A study of one year

Authors: Rishipal Yadav, Gyan Singh, Pooja Yadav, AK Pandey, Ravi Dutt, Sonu Kumari and Sandeep Kumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2021)-10(1):225-228.

How to cite this manuscript: Yadav Rishipal, Singh Gyan, Yadav Pooja, Pandey AK, Dutt Ravi, Kumari Sonu and Kumar Sandeep (2021). Uterine torsion in Murrah buffaloes: A study of one year. Ruminant Science 10(1):225-228.


The present retrospective study was conducted for calculating the incidence of uterine torsion in buffaloes by the analysis of the records of cases of dystocia in buffaloes which were presented in one year i.e. February 2020 to January 2021. Out of the 339 total cases of buffaloes, 194 (57.22%) were of dystocia. Uterine torsion was a major cause (66.49%) of the total dystocia cases in buffaloes. The highest incidence was observed in buffaloes in first parity 51/129 (39.53%) followed by second 39/129 (30.23%) and third parity 23/129 (17.83%) thus depicting an inverse relation of parity to the incidence of uterine torsion. In the present study, maximum buffaloes suffered from post-cervical right side uterine torsion 92/129 (71.31%). Post-cervical location of uterine torsion was observed in 76.74% (99/129) cases whereas only 23.25% (30/129) cases of the pre-cervical location of uterine torsion were reported. In the current study, the success of modified Schaffer’s method was observed to be 93/129 (72.09%) out of which 70/93 (75.26%) fetuses could be delivered per vaginally.


Ali A, Derar R, Hussein HA, Abd Ellah MR, Abdel-Razek and AK (2011). Clinical, hematological and biochemical findings of uterine torsion in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Animal Reproduction Science 126(3-4):168-172

Amer HA, Hashem MA and Bader A (2008). Uterine twisting during pregnancy in buffaloes: relationship between clinical findings and biochemical indices. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences 2(2):31-39.

Amin SM, Amer HA, Hussein AE and Hazzaa AM (2011). Creatine phosphokinase and aspartate aminotransferase profiles and its relation to the severity of uterine torsion in Egyptian buffalo. Animal Reproduction Science 123:163-168.

Aubry P,  Warnick LD, DesCôteaux L and Bouchard É (2008). A study of 55 field cases of uterine torsion in dairy cattle. Canadian Veterinary Journal 49(4):366-372.

Brar PS, Saigal RP, Nanda AS and Sharma RD (2008). Role of broad ligament in the causation of uterine torsion in dairy buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Science 78:940-42.

Drost, M (2007) Complications during gestation in the cow. Theriogenology 68(3):487-491.

Jadhao PT, Markandeya NM and Rautmare SS (1993). Uterine torsion along with haemoperitoneum in a buffalo. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 14:59.

Jeengar K, Choudhary V, Maharia S, Vivekanand and Purohit GN (2015). A retrospective study on type and extent of uterine torsion in buffaloes. Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners 3(1):25-28.

Mahmoud EA, Essawi WM and Neamat-Allah ANF (2020). Influence of uterine torsion in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) with insights into the hematological and biochemical prognostic values regarding to manual correction. Tropical Animal Health and Production 52:3165-3171.

Malhotra P (1990). Some studies on the cervical changes in the uterine torsion cases with special reference to cervical filtration in buffaloes. MVSc Thesis, Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, India

Matharu SS and Prabhakar S (2001). Clinical observations and success of treatment of uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 22(1):45-48.

Murty KK, Prasad V and Murty PR (1999). Clinical observations on uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 76:643-645.

Nanda AS, Sharma RD and Nowshehri MA (1991). Outcome of various regimes of treatment of uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 12:197-200.

Noakes DE, Parkinson TJ and England GCW (2019). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 10th  Edn, WB Saunders Harcourt, India. pp 236-243.

Patel SC, Patel MP, Desai SB and Nakhashi HC (2012). Haematic mummification associated with uterine torsion in a Kankrej cow. Ruminant Science 1(2):199-200.

Prasad S, Rohit K and Maurya SN (2000). Efficacy of laparohysterotomy and rolling of dam to treat uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 77:784-786.

Purohit GN and Gaur M (2014). Uterine torsion in buffaloes: A critical analysis. Buffalo Bulletin 33(4):363-378.

Purohit GN and Mehta JS (2006). Dystocia in cattle and buffaloes-A retrospective analysis of 156 cases. Veterinary Practitioner 7(1):31-34.

Purohit GN, Barolia Y, Shekher C and Kumar P (2011a). Diagnosis and correction of uterine torsion in cattle and buffaloes. Raksha Technologies Reviews 2:11-17.

Purohit GN, Barolia Y, Shekher C and Kumar P (2011b). Maternal dystocia in cows and buffaloes: A review. Open Journal of Animal Science 1(2):41-53.

Purohit GN, Kumar P, Solanki K, Shekher C and Yadav SP (2012). Perspectives of fetal dystocia in cattle and buffaloes. Veterinary Science Development 2:31-42.

Purohit GN, Mehta JS, Sharma Sunanda, Shekher Chandra, Kumar Pramod , Kumar Amit, Raiya Sunil, Ruhil Swati and  Gaur Mitesh (2013). Uterine torsion in buffaloes: A retrospective analysis of 52 cases. Ruminant Science 2(2):219-222.

Roberts SJ (1986). Diseases and accidents during the gestation period Diagnosis and treatment of the various types of dystocia Injuries and diseases of the puerperal period In: Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases (Theriogenology). Eds: SJ Roberts, Woodstock, VT: S J Roberts; 230-359.

Saraswat Chandrashekher, Dholpuria Sandeep, Jhamb Dinesh, Gaur Mitesh and Sharma  Sunandha (2015). Clinico-obstetrical approaches on uterine torsion cases in Surti buffalo of tribal area of southern Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 4(2):225-230.

Sharma S, Agrawal KB and Singh DP (1995). Torsion of gravid uterus and laparohysterotomy in bovine-a report on 72 clinical cases.  Indian Veterinary Journal 72:1180 -1182.

Siddiquee GM and Mehta BM (1992). Uterine torsion in a buffalo with viable twins. Indian Veterinary Journal 69: 257-258.

Singh P and Nanda AS (1996). Treatment of uterine torsion in buffaloes-Modification of Schaffer’s method. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 17:33-34.

Srinivas M, Sreenu M, Lakshmi RN, Subramanyam NK and Devi PV (2007). Studies on dystocia in graded Murrah buffaloes: a retrospective study. Buffalo Bulletin 26(2):40-45.

Sutaria TV, Kapadiya PS, Nakhashi HC, Chauhan PM, Suthar BN and Sharma VK (2015). Study on treatment efficacy of uterine torsion in Mehsana buffaloes. Ruminant Science 4(1):109-111.