6-Title: Evaluation of status of trace minerals and colostral immunoglobulins in periparturient goats under various rearing systems and its influence on morbidity and mortality of goat kids

6-Title: Evaluation of status of trace minerals and colostral immunoglobulins in periparturient goats under various rearing systems and its influence on morbidity and mortality of goat kids

Authors: Arvind Kumar Tripathi, Ashok Kumar, Ashish Srivastava and Padma Nibash Panigrahi

Source: Ruminant Science (2022)-11(2):285-290.

How to cite this manuscript: Tripathi Arvind Kumar, Kumar Ashok, Srivastava Ashish and Panigrahi Padma Nibash (2022). Evaluation of status of trace minerals and colostral immunoglobulins in periparturient goats under various rearing systems and its influence on morbidity and mortality of goat kids. Ruminant Science 11(2):285-290.


The present study was designed to evaluate the status of trace minerals and colostral immunoglobulins and their influence on the morbidity and mortality of goat kids. The experiment was performed on various recognized breeds of goats maintained at organized farms (semi-intensive) in comparison to the non-descript goats maintained at farmer’s field flocks (Extensive). The results reveal that blood, colostrum, and milk levels of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe) manganese (Mn), and cobalt (Co) were found to be significantly lower at different stages of the periparturient period in the Non-descript breed of goats maintained at farmers field flock (under an extensive system of rearing) in comparison to recognized breeds of goats maintained at the semi-intensive system of rearing. The colostrum immunoglobulin (IgG, IgM, and IgA) were also found to be lowest in the non-descript breed of goats than in recognized breeds of goats. The morbidity and mortality were found to be highest in goat kids born of non-descript goats during the pre-weaning period in comparison to the recognized breeds. It can be concluded that the lower level of trace minerals during the periparturient period in non-descript goats of farmer’s field flocks might result in a lower level of colostral immunoglobulins hence the poor transfer of passive immunity leading to higher morbidity and mortality of goat kids.


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