13-Title: Studies on prevalence of haemoprotozoa in cattle of southern Rajasthan
Authors: Vikram Singh Gurjar, Sanweer Khatoon and Rajendra Singh
Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):267-274.
How to cite this manuscript: Gurjar VS, Khatoon Sanweer and Singh Rajendra (2020). Studies on prevalence of haemoprotozoa in cattle of southern Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 9(2):267-274.
A total of 323 blood sample collected irrespective of age, sex, breed, season, village and month from cattle were screened during six months to assess the prevalence of haemoprotozoa. A total of 323 cattle screened, 137(42.41%) were found to be infested with different haemoprotozoa. Mixed infection was found in 124 (38.39%) cattle with Theileria sp. and Anaplasma sp. in 102 (31.57%), Theileria sp., Babesia sp. And Anaplasma sp. in 15 (04.64%) and Theileria sp. and Babesia sp. were in 7 cases (2.16%). The infection caused by Theileria sp. in 2 (0.61%), Babesia sp. in 8 (2.47%), Trypanosoma sp. in 3 (0.92%) animals. The highest prevalence (56.93 %) for haemoprotozoa infestation was noted in crossbred female cattle, whereas less prevalence was found in the indigenous breed in all three villages. Age-wise highest prevalence was noted in 43.79% cattle of above 5 years group followed by 32.84% in 2-5 years and 23.35% in 0-2 years. In the present study, the village-wise prevalence for haemoprotozoa was highest in Navania (38.68%) followed by Tarawat (36.49%) and Rupawali (24.81%). In season and month-wise prevalence, a peak was seen in the rainy season (70.07%) and September (28.46%) while the lowest prevalence (6.56%) seen in the winter season and October (6.46%).
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