20-Title: Identification of viable dairy farmhouse hold typology using multivariate statistical methodologies in hilly districts of Uttarakhand, India

Authors: Shibashish Baral, D Bardhan and S Dineshkumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):313-322.

How to cite this manuscript: Baral Shibashish, Bardhan D and Dineshkumar S (2020). Identification of viable dairy farmhouse hold typology using multivariate statistical methodologies in hilly districts of Uttarakhand, India. Ruminant Science 9(2):313-322.


Present study was conducted to analyse economic efficiency as a measure of the sustainability of dairy farming in two Tehsils in each of the two Uttarakhand state hill districts, viz. Nainital and Almora of the state of Uttarakhand, India. A farm typology study was used to classify groups of farm households with similar farm and socio-economic characteristics. A total of 120 households were sample units for the study. Four homogenous groups (clusters) were obtained viz., Cluster I (37%) defined as small herd-sized households with low farm family labour employment; Cluster II (12%) defined as female-headed households with a low level of education; Cluster III (13%) defined as full farm households with market-oriented milk production; Cluster IV (39%) defined as low income households. Cluster III was identified as the most technically efficient cluster. Cluster II was identified as the least efficient cluster. Construction of composite Economic Efficiency Index indicated cluster III as economically most sustainable. Policy suggestions are given in favour of supporting the sustainability of smallholder dairy farming in the study area.


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