28-Title: Prevalence of mineral deficiencies during advanced pregnancy in crossbred cows from Punjab

Authors: Gagandeep Singh, SNS Randhawa, N Chand, CS Randhawa, S Chabbra and Randhir Singh

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):357-362.

How to cite this manuscript: Singh Gagandeep, Randhawa SNS, Chand N, Randhawa CS, Chabbra S and Singh Randhir (2020). Prevalence of mineral deficiencies during advanced pregnancy in crossbred cows from Punjab. Ruminant Science 9(2):357-362.


A total of 166 cross bred cows during their advanced gestation period were evaluated to study the deficiency of various macro and micro minerals. Blood sample was collected from all of them for evaluating the haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), total erythrocyte count (TEC), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), inorganic phosphorus, copper (Cu), iron (Fe ) and zinc (Zn). Out of the total cows, a total of 55 (33.13 %) cows were having Ca levels, less than 8.15 mg/dl, similarly 29 (17.46 %) cows were having Cu levels <0.5 ppm, whereas Fe levels were found normal in all the cows with only 21 (12.65 %) of cows, out of 166 were having Fe levels <1 ppm.  Haematological results revealed that out of the total cows 30 (18.07 %) were having Hb levels < 8.0 g/dl. Parity wise most of the deficiencies were prevalent in cows in the age group of 2nd -5th parity cows.


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