33-Title: Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia

Authors: AK Limba, Sarita and R Nehra

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):387-388.

How to cite this manuscript: Limba AK, Sarita and Nehra R (2020). Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia. Ruminant Science 9(2):387-388.


Arthur GH, Noakes DE, Pearson H and Parkinson TJ (2001). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 8th Edn, WB Saunders Company Ltd, London.

Dhami AJ, Panchal MT and Kavani FS (2000). Dystocia due to holo acardius acephalic (Asymmetrical conjoined twin) monster in a buffalo. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 21(2):162-164.

Fazili MR (2012). Dicephalus atlodymus monster calf delivered by cesarean section-A case report. Ruminant Science 1(1):97-98.

Gupta Chhavi, Murugan M and Ramprabhu R (2020). Surgical management of dystocia due to dicephalic and arthrogryposis monster in a cross bred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):195-196.

Honnappagol SS, Tandle MH and Ramakrishna V (2005). Thoraco abdominopygophagus foetal monster in a non-descript cow. Indian Veterinary Journal 82:441.

Noden DM and De Lahunta A (1985). The Embryology of domestic animals. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. pp 44-45.

Patel BR, Siddiquee GM, Desai SB, Solanki KG and Solanki GB (2012a). A rare case of conjoined twin monster in Mehsana buffalo-A case report. Ruminant Science 1(1):95-96.

Patel BR, Siddiquee GM, Mevada VK, Ankuya KJ and Patel JS (2012b). Dystocia due to dicephalus distomus monster in a Mehsani buffalo. Ruminant Science 1(2):197-198.

Robert SJ (2004). Veterinary obstetrics and genital diseases. Indian Reprints 2004, CBS Publishers and Distributors, Delhi, India.

Shukla SP, Nema SP ,  Pandey AK , Jain S, Patel BR and Bondade S (2011). Dystocia due to a conjoined twin monster in a she buffalo. Buffalo Bulletin 30(1):23-24.

Simon MS, William BJ and Kannan TA (2009). A rare case of a conjoined twin monster (Ischiopagus) in a she buffalo. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 30:90-91.

Singh G and Pandey AK (2013). Dystocia due to conjoined twin monsters in Murrah Buffaloes. Haryana Veterinarian 52:139-140.

Solanki GB, Vala KB, Parmar KH, Raval RJ and Patel JS (2014). Dicephalus, distomus, tetraopthalmus, tetrabrachius, dipus and dicaudatus monster in a Jaffrabadi buffalo: A case report. Ruminant Science 3(2):247-248.

Srivastava S, Kumar A, Maurya SK, Singh A and Singh VK (2008). A dicephalus monster in Murrah buffalo. Buffalo Bulletin 27(3):231-232. 

Vegad JL (2007). Textbook of Veterinary General Pathology. 2nd Edn, International Book Distribution Company.