40-Title: Prognostic utility of haemato-biochemical and peritoneal fluid parameters in bovines with caecal dilatation: A study on 15 clinical cases
Authors: Vinod Kumar Shukla, Ashwani Kumar, Vandana Sangwan and Ashwani Kumar Sharma
Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):407-412.
How to cite this manuscript: Shukla VK, Kumar Ashwani, Sangwan Vandana and Sharma AK (2020). Prognostic utility of haemato-biochemical and peritoneal fluid parameters in bovines with caecal dilatation: A study on 15 clinical cases. Ruminant Science 9(2):407-412.
The study included 15 bovines (2 cows and 13 buffaloes) suffering from caecal dilatation. All the animals were subjected to haematology (Hb, TLC, DLC, PCV and Platelets) and serum biochemistry (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, chloride, lactate, albumin, total protein, total bilirubin, creatinine kinase, fibrinogen, lactate dehydrogenase) pre-operatively. Peritoneal fluid examination was done in 7 cases (1 cow and 6 buffaloes) that required surgical intervention. Out of 15, 4 responded to conservative therapy (group I) and out of remaining 11 (group II), 7 were subjected to surgical treatment (caecotomy from right flank). Out of 7, 4 survived (group III) and 3 died (group IV). Haemato-biochemical alterations were compared between the groups to work out diagnostic and prognostic indicators. Hypochloremia was recorded as a poor prognostic indicator, irrespective of therapeutic regimen followed. Markedly elevated serum levels of creatinine kinase (about 2 times) and lactate (3-4 times) appears to have diagnostic importance. Marginal neutrophilic (relative and absolute) leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypochloraemia and elevated levels of total bilirubin were observed in non-survivors. Marginally low peritoneal fluid levels of Na, P, Cl, Lactate, Albumin and total protein and elevated levels of total bilirubin, CK and LDH were recorded in non-survivor bovines suffering from caecal dilatation. Probably due to small sample size, it was not possible to establish the prognostic utility of various haemato-biochemical parameters in bovines suffering from caecal dilatation; further investigations on larger sample size are warranted.
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