39

39-Title: Medico-surgical management of retropharyngeal oedema in a buffalo

Authors: DK Sharma, E Kalaiselvan, Raguvaran R and DB Mondal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):193-194.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Sharma DK, Kalaiselvan E, Raguvaran R and Mondal DB (2020). Medico-surgical management of retropharyngeal oedema in a buffalo. Ruminant Science 9(1):193-194.

References

Constable PD, Hinchcliff KW, Done SH and Grünberg W (2017). Veterinary Medicine. 11th Edn, Elsevier Ltd Co St. Louis, Missouri. pp 2042-2050.

Davies RL, Watson PJ and Caffrey B (2003). Comparative analyses of Pasteurella multocida strains associated with the ovine respiratory and vaginal tracts. Veterinary Record 152:7-10.

Khan A, Saleemi MK, Khan MZ, Gul ST, Irfan M and  Qamar MS (2011). Hemorrhagic septicemia in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves under sub-tropical conditions in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 43(2):295-302.

Lam N (2015). Upper Airway Disease: Tracheostomy. In: Small Animal Surgical Emergencies. pp 263-269.

Mandal Ravi Shankar Kumar, Lekshman Aishwarya, Rana Ankush, Gaykwad Chandrakiran, Kumar Surender, Suthar NA, Vadhana Prasanna, Mondal DB and Dixit SK (2016). Diagnosis and therapeutic management of hemorrhagic septicemia: a case report in 4 buffaloes. Ruminant Science 5(2):287-289.

38

38-Title: Rumenotomy in bovines: A review of ten cases

Authors: JK Mahla, PV Parikh, RR Anjana, Ashwath, KP Patel, P Koli and MD Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):191-192.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Mahla JK, Parikh PV, Anjana RR, Ashwath, Patel KP, Koli P and Patel MD (2020). Rumenotomy in bovines: A review of ten cases. Ruminant Science 9(1):191-192.

References

Dabas VS, Chaudhari CF and Chaudhari NF (2012). Metallic foreign bodies in the fore stomach of large ruminants and their significance. Ruminant Science 1(1):81-84.

Dehghani SN and Ghardrdani AM (1995). Bovine rumenotomy; comparison of four surgical techniques. Canadian Veterinary Journal 36(11):693.

Kumar Manoj, Bishnoi P, Jhirwal SK, Palecha Sakar, Singh Satyaveer and Tanwar Mahendra (2017). Surgico-therapeutic management of rumen impaction in cattle. Ruminant Science 6(2):397-398.

Misk NA, Semieka MA and Ali SEM (2001). Varieties and sequellae of ingested foreign bodies in buffaloes and cattle. Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal 46:250-273.

Niehaus AJ (2008). Rumenotomy. Veterinary clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 24(2):314-347.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2015). Surgical management of various rumen affections in cattle and buffaloes. Ruminant Science 4(2):357-260.

Raidurg Ravi and Naveen M (2019). Surgical management of ruminal impaction due to feeding of arecanut sheath fibres in a heifer. Ruminant Science 8(1):133-134.

Singh AP and Nigam JM (1981). Radiography of the foreign bodies in the bovine. Bovine Practice 2(6):7-13.

Singh J, Singh S and Tyagi RPS (2020). In: Ruminant Surgery. CBS Publisher and Distributors, New Delhi.

Suthar DN, Mistry JN, Suthar BN, Patel PB and Patel KB (2012). Ferroscopy and blood trypsin inhibitor spot test for diagnosis of foreign body in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 1(1):85-87.

37

37-Title: Abomasal balantidiosis in a goat-A case report

Authors: N Babu Prasath, J Selvaraj and M Sasikala

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):189-190.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Prasath N Babu, Selvaraj J and Sasikala M (2020). Abomasal balantidiosis in a goat-A case report. Ruminant Science 9(1):189-190.

References

Cho HS, Shin SS and Park NY (2006). Balantidiasis in the gastric lymph nodes of Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia): An incidental finding. Journal of Veterinary Science 7(2):207-209.

Sangioni LA, Botton SA, Ramos F, Cadore GC, Monteiro SG, Pereira DIB and Vogel FSF (2017). B. coli in pigs of distinct animal husbandry categories and different hygienic-sanitary standards in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.  Acta Scientiae Veterinariae 45:1455.

Sivajothi S and Reddy SB (2018). Acute fulminating form of Balantidium coli infection in buffaloes. Research Journal of Biology 6(1):17-19.

Vasilakopoulou A, Dimarongona K, Samakovli A, Papadimitris K and Avlami A (2003). Balantidium  coli pneumonia in an immunocompromised patient. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 35:144-146.

Wegner F (1967). Abscesso hepatico producido por el Balantidium coli. Casemera 2:433-441.

Yazar S, Altuntas F, Sahin I and Atambay M (2004). Dysentery caused by Balantidium coli in a patient with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma from Turkey. World Journal of Gastroenterology 10(3):458-459.

9

9-Title: Isolation and identification of bacteria in subclinical mastitis in cattle from Bikaner city

Authors: Savita, AP Singh, TC Nayak, A Chahar, R Yadav and JP Kachhawa

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):45-48.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Savita, Singh AP, Nayak TC, Chahar A, Yadav R and Kachhawa JP (2020). Isolation and identification of bacteria in subclinical mastitis in cattle from Bikaner city. Ruminant Science 9(1):45-48.

Abstract

Present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of commonly occurring subclinical mastitis in 100 cows from LRS, Rathi farm of the institute and individual holding in and around the Bikaner city were screened for subclinical mastitis. Staphylococcus aureus was the most prevalent pathogen followed by Streptococcus agalactiae, E. coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus uberis and Bacillus cereus.

References

Barkema HW, Schukken YH and Zadoks RN (2006). Invited Review: The role of cow, pathogen, and treatment regimen in the therapeutic success of bovine Staphylococcus aureus mastitis. Journal of Dairy Science 89(6):1877–1895.

Bradley AJ (2002). Bovine Mastitis: An evolving disease. Veterinary Journal 163:1-13.

Bramley AJ, Cullor JS, Erskine RJ, Fox LK, Harmon RJ, Hogan JS, Nickerson SC, Oliver SP, Smith KL and Sordillo LM (1996). Current Concepts of Bovine Mastitis, 4th Edn, National Mastitis Council, Madison, WI.

Constable PD, Hinchcliff KW, Done SH and Grunberg W (2017). Veterinary Medicine. 11th Edn, St. Louis, Missouri 63043, p 1912.

Cowan ST and Steel KJ (1975). Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Das Gunjan, Lalnunpuia C, Sarma K, Behera SK, Dutta TK and Bandyopadhyay Samiran (2015). Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus associated sub-clinical mastitis in crossbred cows in Mizoram. Ruminant Science 4(2):167-170.

Datta S and Rangenkar A (2001). Subclinical mastitis in a Jersey herd. Indian Veterinary Journal 78:161-162.

De Visscher A, Piepers S, Haesebrouck F and De Vliegher S (2016). Intramammary infection with coagulase-negative Staphylococci at parturition: Species-specific prevalence, risk factors and effect on udder health. Journal of Dairy Science 99(8):6457–6469.

Diwakar, Akriti, Choudhary Sunita, Meena Dhirendra, Bhati Taruna and Kataria AK (2019). Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of some Staphylococcus aureus isolates from milk from goats with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 8(1):19-22.

Dubal ZB, Rahman H, Pal P, Kumar A and Pradhan K (2010). Characterization and antimicrobial sensitivity of the pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis with special reference to Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus spp. Indian Journal of Animal Science 80(12):1163-1167.

Gao J, Barkema HW, Zhang L, Liu G, Deng Z, Cai L, Shan R, Zhang S, Zou J, Kastelic JP and Han B (2017). Incidence of clinical mastitis and distribution of pathogens on large Chinese dairy farms. Journal of Dairy Science 100(6):4797–4806.

Gianneechini R, Concha C, Rivero R, Delucci I and Lopez JM (2002). Occurrence of clinical and subclinical mastitis in dairy herds in the West Littoral Region in Uruguay. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 43(4):221.

Guimaraes FF, Manzi MP, Joaquim SF, Richini-Pereira VB and Langoni H (2017). Outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-associated mastitis in a closed dairy herd. Journal of Dairy Science 100(1):726-730.

Jena B, Pagrut NK, Sahoo A and Ahmed A (2015). Subclinical bovine mastitis in rural, peri-urban and suburban regions of Jaipur district of Rajasthan.  Indian Journal of Animal Research 5:175-182.

Kumar Vaibhav, Patel JS, Patel BR, Mevada VK and Raval AP (2012). Therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial drugs in clinical mastitis of cross bred cattle. Ruminant Science 1(2):177-180.

Langer Anil, Ahuja Anil and Bihani DK (2014). Diagnosis of mycotic mastitis in cow. Ruminant Science 3(2):235-236.

Marwaha S (2018). Therapeutic studies of Piper nigrum in subclinical mastitis in cattle. MVSc thesis submitted to RAJUVAS, Bikaner, Rajasthan.

Olmsted SB and Norcross NL (1992). Effect of specific antibody on adherence of Staphylococcus aureus to bovine mammary epithelium cells. Infection and Immunity 60:249-256.

Parmar VL, Prasad Amit, Patel JS, Dodiya PG, Javia BB and Mathpati BS (2015). Therapeutic management of clinical mastitis caused by Pseudomonas SPP with special reference to homeopathy medicine in Jafarabadi buffalo-A case study. Ruminant Science 4(2):245-246.

Prabhakar SK, Singh KB, Nauriyal DC and Sidhu SS (1990). Subclinical mastitis in cattle. Indian Veterinary Journal 67:98-102.

Raguvaran R, Mondal DB, Jithin MV, Kumar Bipin and Sivakumar M (2016). Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in a nondescript goat Ruminant Science 5(2):291-292.

Raorane Abhay, Chothe Shubhadha, Dubal ZB, Barbuddhe SB, Karunakaran M, Doijad Swapnil, Pathak Ajay, Poharkar Krupali and Singh NP (2013). Antimicrobial resistance of the pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in Goa. Ruminant Science 2(2):139-144.

Riffon R, Sayasith K, Khalil H, Dubreuil P, Drolet M and Lagace J (2001). Development of a rapid and sensitive test for identification of major pathogens in bovine mastitis by PCR. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 39(7):2584-2589.

Schalm OW, Carrol JE and Jain NC (1971). Bovine Mastitis. 1st Edn, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, USA., pp 98-101.

Sharma A, Singh R, Beigh SA and Bhardwaj RK (2012). Prevalence of subclinical mastitis in crossbreed cattle from Jammu region. Veterinary Practitioner 13(2):356-357.

Shukla SK, Dixit VP, Thalpliyal DC and Kumar A (1998). Bacteriological studies of mastitis in dairy cows. Indian Veterinary Medical Journal 22:261-264.

Singh Pawanjit, Nigam Rajesh, Kumar Amit and Pandey Vijay (2018). Isolation and molecular characterization of pathogens associated with mastitis in Sahiwal cows. Ruminant Science 7(1):43-46.

Sunita, Diwakar and Kataria AK (2017). Antibiotic resistance pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from milk of cattle with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 6(2):319-322.

Workineh S, Bayleyegn M, Mekonnen H and Potgieter LND (2002). Prevalence and aetiology of mastitis in cows from two major Ethiopian dairies. Tropical Animal Health and Production 34(1):19-25.

Zadoks RN and Fitzpatrik JL (2009). Changing trends in mastitis. Irish Veterinary Journal 62:59-72.

8

8-Title: Milk quality as affected by the source and the season in Khartoum state

Authors: MM Abdelaziz, HZ Rania and Mohamed T Ibrahim

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):41-44.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Abdelaziz MM, Rania HZ and Ibrahim Mohamed T (2020). Milk quality as affected by the source and the season in Khartoum state. Ruminant Science 9(1):41-44.

Abstract

Present study was performed to assess the effect of the source and season on some physicochemical and microbiological properties of cow’s raw milk. A total of 120 samples of cow’s milk were collected from different sources (40 samples from each dairy farms, collection centres and groceries) during the summer and autumn season. Samples were subjected to physicochemical analysis by Lactoskan. The fat, protein, lactose, total solids, pH, added water and total bacteria count (TBC) were estimated. A total of 48 swab samples were collected from different farms (24 samples from each milkers hands, and milk utensils) during the summer and autumn season and were subjected to total bacterial count. General linear model was used to estimate the effect of source and season. The protein, lactose and added water were significantly affected by the source of milk collection while the milk fat, protein, lactose, total solids and TBC were significantly affected by season. In addition, a significant interaction between source and season was obtained on milk fat, protein, lactose and total solids.

References

Afrah Babiker Elraih (2005). Microbial Load and Chemical Analysis of Cow Milk Traded in Khartoum State. Faculty of Agriculture Omdurman Islamic University.

Elvan Ozrenk and Sebnem Selcuk Inci (2008). The Effect of Seasonal Variation on the Composition of Cow Milk in Van Province. Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of YuzuncuYil, 65080, Van, Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Laboratories of Food Control, Van, Turkey.

Foley J, Buckley J and Murphy MF (1999). Commercial test in and product control in the dairy industry. University Collehe Cork, Ireland.

Fox PF and PLH McSweeney (1995). Dairy Chemistry and Biochemistry. Springer Science and Business Media, Kluwer Academic, Plenum Publishers and New York.

Kumar Vaibhav, Patel JS, Patel BR, Mevada VK and Raval AP (2012). Therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial drugs in clinical mastitis of cross bred cattle. Ruminant Science 1(2):177-180.

Leila Nateghi, Morvarid Yousef iElham Zamani, Mohammad Gholamian and Mehran Mohammad Zadeh (2014). The effect of different seasons on the milk quality. Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture, Shahre-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahr- Qods and Iran.

Madushanka DNN, Padmakumara HMS, Kumarasinghe GDN, Sanjeewa MPK and Magamage MPS (2017). Effect of two different bedding systems on udder health management of dairy cows. Ruminant Science 6(1):1-6.

Metwally AMM, Dabiza NMA, El-Kholy WI and Sadek ZI (2011). The effect of boiling on milk microbial contents and quality. Journal of American Science 7:110-114.

Ministry of Investment in Sudan Opportunities-Livestock (2015). www.minv.gov.sd/en/index.php/posts/post/40.

Mohamed NNI and Elzubeir IEM ( 2007). Evaluation of the hygienic quality of market milk of Khartoum State (Sudan). International Journal of Dairy Sciences 2(1):33-4.

Nahla AH Elsheikh, Siham A Rahamtalla and Mohamed OM Abdalla (2015). Chemical composition of raw milk produced and distributed in Khartoum state, Sudan. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences 3:1.

Nirmali WKR, Priyabhashana AHL, Bandara AMS and Magamage MPS (2018). Assessment of milk quality of upcountry diary farm in Sri Lanka. Ruminant Science 7(1):1-4.

Pal RS, Kajla MP and Meel MS (2016). Economics of milk production of cows in Jaisalmer and Barmer districts of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 5(2):191-192.

Ojha S, Pathak V, Goswami M, Bharti SK, Singh VP and Tanuja (2019). Comparison of quality and safety parameters of milk from Mathura city. Ruminant Science 8(1):55-60.

Singh Shivani, Singh Amit, Singh Sanjeev Kumar and Rashmi (2019). Critical analysis of consumer perception on dairy production in urban and peri-urban areas of Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 8(2):243-246.

Sharma Ramakant (2008). Chemical and Microbiological Analysis of Milk and Milk Products. International Book Distributing Co, India.

Tasci F (2011). Microbiological and chemical properties of raw milk consumed. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advanced 10(5):635-641.

7

7-Title: Enriching of camel milk composition and fatty acid profile by supplementation of flaxseed in the dromedary camel diet

Authors: Tahereh Mohammadabadi and Abdul Raziq Kakar

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):37-39.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Mohammadabadi Tahereh and Kakar Abdul Raziq (2020). Enriching of camel milk composition and fatty acid profile by supplementation of flaxseed in the dromedary camel diet. Ruminant Science 9(1):37-39.

Abstract

Present study aimed to investigate the effect of supplementing heated flaxseed on the milk production, composition and fatty acid profiles of dairy camels. Eight dromedary lactating camels with an average body weight of 420±26 kg assigned to 2 groups. Treatments were included control; grazing without flaxseed and experimental treatment with 100-250 g flaxseed per day for a weekly gradual adaption in a one month study. The camels had access to forage in the desert and at all fed with concentrate mixture. Milk production was recorded, and milk composition and fatty acid profiles were determined. The data were analyzed as a completely randomized design. The result revealed flaxseeds supplementation increased (P<0.05) milk production of the camels as compared to the control (6.5 and 4.1 litre/day, respectively). Supplementation of flaxseed increased milk fat percentage (4.2 versus 3.7%) and decreased milk lactose (4.1 versus 4.35%) as compared to the control (P<0.05). But milk protein and ash were not different between treatments (P>0.05). Using supplemental flaxseeds in camels diet decreased saturated fatty acids and increased unsaturated fatty acids such as C18 and CLA (P<0.05). The value for C18:3 were 0.97 and 1.51% for control and flaxseed treatment, respectively. The current result showed that supplementation of heated flaxseed gradually at the rate of by 100-250 g/day in weekly interval to dromedary dairy camels’ increased milk production and percentage of unsaturated fatty acids with decreased saturated fatty acids composition of milk, which could be able to influence the heart health. Hence, it is recommended that supplementation of 100-250 g flaxseed in dromedary camels’ diet for increasing of omega-3 and improves the milk quality toward health aims.

References

Abughazaleh AA and Holmes LD (2007). Diet supplementation with fish oil and sunflower oil to increase conjugated linoleic acid levels in milk fat of partially grazing dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90:2897-2904.

Azeemi Tawheed Ali, Qureshi MS and Kadwal  MH (2014). Effect of protected fats on milk yield and ovarain activity in dairy cattle. Ruminant Science 3(2):185-188.

Beauchemin KA, Mcgin SM, Benchaar C and Holtshausem L (2009). Crushed sunflower, flax, or canola seeds in lactating dairy cow diets: Effects on methane production, rumen fermentation, and milk production. Journal of Dairy Science 92:2118-2127.

El-Sheikh AI (2018). Production systems, milk production and composition of Saudi camels: Review. Ruminant Science 7(2):165-167.

Glasser F, Ferlay A and Chilliard Y (2008). Oilseed lipid supplements and fatty acid composition of cow milk: A metaanalysis. Journal of Dairy Science 91:4687-4703.

Ichihara K and Fukubayashi Y (2010). Preparation of fatty acid methyl esters for gas-liquid chromatography. Journal of Lipid Research 5:635-640.

Koba K and Yanagita T (2014). Health benefits of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Obesity Research and Clinical Practice 8:E525–E532.

Norouzi M (2019). Effect of flaxseed processing on milk production and the combination of fatty acids in milk of Holstein cows. Applied Animal Science Research Journal 32:49-60.

Parodi PW (1997). Cow’s milk fat components as potential anti-carcinogenic agents. Journal of Nutrition 127:1055-1060.

Petit HV (2003). Digestion, milk production, milk composition, and blood composition of dairy cows fed formaldehyde treated flaxseed or sunflower seed. Journal of Dairy Science 86:2637-2646.

Petit HV, Germiquet C and Lebel D (2004). Effect of feeding whole unprocessed sunflower seeds and flaxseed on milk production, milk composition, and prostaglandin secretion in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 87:3889-3898.

Salles MSV, Abreu LF, Junier LCR and Cesar MC (2019). Inclusion of Sunflower Oil in the Bovine Diet Improves Milk Nutritional Profile. Márcia S. V. Nutrients, 11, 481; doi:10.3390/nu11020481.

SAS (2002). SAS User2 s Guide: Statistics. Ver 9.0. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA956.

Saxena Navneet, Mohan Chander, Sreehari S, Sharma ML, Kumar Krishna, Mudgal Vishal and Lal D (2019). Effect of bypass fat supplementation on productive and reproductive performance in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 8(2):177-180.

6

6-Title: Alteration in the hemato-biochemical profile of mastitis affected lactating dairy cattle

Authors: Zul I Huma, Neelesh Sharma, Touqeer Ahmed, Savleen Kour and AK Pathak

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):33-36.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Huma Zul I, Sharma Neelesh, Ahmed Touqeer, Kour Savleen and Pathak AK (2020). Alteration in the hemato-biochemical profile of mastitis affected lactating dairy cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):33-36.

Abstract

The present investigation was conducted on 48 lactating dairy cattle to assess the alteration in blood haemato-biochemical profile in mastitis. These animals were further divided into control, subclinical mastitis and clinical mastitis groups of 16 animals each. It was observed that total leukocyte count (TLC), particularly neutrophil counts, were increased significantly. Significant changes were also noticed in the serum total protein, magnesium, sodium, potassium and chloride which increased significantly (p<0.05) in clinical cases over the control healthy animals. Thus, the degree of alteration in hemato-biochemical parameters can be helpful to assess the severity of the infection in mastitis cows.

References

Das Gunjan, Lalnunpuia C, Sarma K, Behera SK, Dutta TK and Bandyopadhyay Samiran (2015). Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus associated sub-clinical mastitis in crossbred cows in Mizoram. Ruminant Science 4(2):167-170.

Diwakar, Akriti, Choudhary Sunita, Meena Dhirendra, Bhati Taruna and Kataria AK (2019). Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of some Staphylococcus aureus isolates from milk from goats with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 8(1):19-22.

Ghaffar A, Hussain R, Abbas G, Ali MH, Ahmed H, Nawaz J, Choudhary IR, Haneef J and Khan S (2017). Arsenic and copper sulfate in combination causes testicular and serum biochemical changes in White Leghorn cockerels. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 37(4):375-380.

Jain J, Karnani M, Khan A and Sharma S (2013). Comparative investigation of various biochemical parameters of cattle suffering from mastitis in semi arid Rajasthan. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology 15(1):137.

Katsoulos PD, Christodoulopoulos GMA, Karatzia MA, Pourliotis K and Kritas SK (2010). The role of lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase and aspartate aminotransferase in the diagnosis of subclinical intramammary infections in dairy sheep and goats. Journal of Dairy Research 77:107-111.

Mosallam TE, Ahmed SYS, Ahmed AR and Alaam HA (2006). Clinicopathological studies on mastitis in dairy buffalo and cattle. Doctoral dissertation, MSc thesis submitted to Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Nirmali WKR, Priyabhashana AHL, Bandara AMS and Magamage MPS (2018). Assessment of milk quality of upcountry dairy farm in Sri Lanka. Ruminant Science 7(1):1-4.

Orellano MS, Isaac P, Breser ML, Bohl LP, Conesa A, Falcone RD and Porporatto C (2019). Chitosan nanoparticles enhance the antibacterial activity of the native polymer against bovine mastitis pathogens. Carbohydrate Polymers 213:1-9.

Qayyum A, Khan JA, Hussain R, Ahmad TI, Zahoor I, Ahmad M, Awais M, Ahmed N, Ahmad Z and Mubeen M (2018). Correlations of blood serum and milk biochemical profiles with subclinical mastitis in Cholistani cattle. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 55(4):959-964.

Raorane Abhay, Chothe Shubhadha, Dubal ZB, Barbuddhe SB, Karunakaran M, Doijad Swapnil, Pathak Ajay, Poharkar Krupali and Singh NP (2013). Antimicrobial resistance of the pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in Goa. Ruminant Science 2(2):139-144.

Sarvesha K, Satyanarayana ML, Narayanaswamy HD, Rao S, Yathiraj S, Isloor S, Mukartal SY, Srikanth M, Anuradha ME and Kamal H (2016). Effect of subclinical and clinical mastitis on hemato-biochemical profile and milk leukocyte count in indigenous cows. Journal of Cell and Tissue Research 16(3):5829-5834.

Singh Pawanjit, Nigam Rajesh, Kumar Amit and Pandey Vijay (2018). Isolation and molecular characterization of pathogens associated with mastitis in Sahiwal cows. Ruminant Science 7(1):43-46.

Singh R, Bhardwaj RK, Azad MS and Beigh SA (2014). Effect of mastitis on haemato-biochemical and plasma mineral profile in crossbred cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Research 48:63-66.

Sunita, Diwakar and Kataria AK (2017). Antibiotic resistance pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from milk of cattle with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 6(2):319-322.

Zaki MS, El-Battrawy N and Mostafa SO (2010). Some biochemical studies on Friesian suffering from subclinical mastitis. Nature and Science 8(4):143-146.

5

5-Title: Clinico-diagnostic and therapeutic investigations on pneumonia in cattle

Authors: CS Jaibhaye, AU Bhikane, PS Masare and AV Bhonsle

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):25-32.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Jaibhaye CS, Bhikane AU, Masare PS and Bhonsle AV (2020). Clinico-diagnostic and therapeutic investigations on pneumonia in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):25-32.

Abstract

Pneumonia is a multi-factorial respiratory disorder commonly found in cattle and is causing heavy economic losses to farmers due to increased calf mortality, costs of medication, production losses and decreased draft ability in bullocks. Hence the present study was undertaken to investigate epidemiological, clinico-diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of pneumonia in cattle. On screening 1211 cattle reported to TVCC, COVAS, Udgir for different ailments, 46 animals were found positive for pneumonia, suggestive of overall prevalence of 3.80%. The higher prevalence of pneumonia was observed in young male cattle put to heavy work and exposed to climatic stress during monsoon. The typical signs of pneumonia included fever, nasal discharge, dyspnoea, coughing, chest pain and abnormal lung sounds. Haemogram showed significant leucocytosis accompanied by neutrophilia with non- significant changes in other blood parameters. On radiographic examination of thorax, a variable degree of congestion and diffuse consolidation of lungs was noticed. The faecal examination revealed negative for lungworm larvae infestation. The bacteria isolated from nasal swab were identified as Staphylococcus sp., Streptococcus sp., E. coli, Corynebacterium sp., Klebsiella sp., Mannheimia haemolytica, Brevundimonas sp., Pseudomonas sp.. The results of antibiotic sensitivity test of isolated organisms revealed highest sensitivity to gentamicin (87.50%), followed by ceftriaxone plus tazobactam and enrofloxacin (58.33% each), amoxicillin plus sulbactam (54.16%), ceftiofur sodium (50.00%), chloramphenicol (45.83%), ciprofloxacin (41.66%), moxifloxacin (33.33%), oxytetracycline (16.66%) and complete resistance to penicillin. Thirty six pneumonia affected cattle were randomly divided into four treatment groups viz., Group A (gentamicin @ 4 mg/ kg), Group B (enrofloxacin @ 5 mg/ kg),   Group C (moxifloxacin @ 5 mg/ kg ) and Group D (ceftiofur @ 1.6 mg/ kg). All 36 treated cattle clinically cured within 3 to 15 days, indicating 100 per cent recovery rate. The evaluation of comparative efficacy revealed that gentamicin is superior to other drugs in the treatment of pneumonia in cattle.

References

Ananthakrishna LR, Kamboj Aman, Saini Mohini and Gupta PK (2015). Characterization of extracellular domain of glycoprotein e gene of an Indian isolate of bovine herpes virus-1. Ruminant Science 4(1):15-20.

Bateman KG, Bair J, Slocombe JO, Leslie KE, Curtis RA and Menzies PI (1986). Verminous pneumonia in adult dairy cows in southern Ontario due to Dictyocaulus viviparus. Canadian Veterinary Journal 27:233-236.

Cruickshank R, Duguid JP, Marmion BP and Swain RHA (1975). Medical Microbiology Vol. II, 12th Edn, Churchil Livingstone, New York. pp 202-203.

Donkersgoed JV, Carl S, Ribble Leona G, Boyer and Hugh GG and Townsend (1993). Epidemiological study of enzootic pneumonia in dairy calves in Saskatchewan Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research 57:247-254.

El-Tahawy Abdelgawad Salah and Mostafa Ibrahim Ahmed (2015). Prevalence, risk factors and cross sectional epidemiology for some selected diseases and syndromes affecting Rahmani sheep with particular spotlight on their economic consequences. Ruminant Science 4(2):159-165.

Isabelle M, Gilles F, Luc Breton, Pierre H, Guy B and Laurent B (2008). Radiographic detection of thoracic lesions in adult cows: A retrospective study of 42 cases (1995-2002) Canadian Veterinary Journal 49:261-267.

Jared DT, Robert WF, Terry WL, Douglas LS and Anthony WC (2010). The epidemiology of bovine respiratory diseases: What is the evidence for predisposing factor? Canadian Veterinary Journal 51:1096-1102.

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4

4-Title: Pathomorphological alterations during obstructive urolithiasis in a buffalo calf (Bubalus bubalis)

Authors: Devesh Kumar Giri, DK Jolhe, RC Ghosh, DK Kashyap, PM Sonkusale and Poornima Gumasta

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):21-23.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Giri Devesh Kumar, Jolhe DK, Ghosh RC, Kashyap DK, Sonkusale PM and Gumasta Poornima (2020). Pathomorphological alterations during obstructive urolithiasis in a buffalo calf (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 9(1):21-23.

Abstract

Urinary stone formation is a common disease with an increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Male ruminants who are castrated and are fed paddy straw without mineral supplementation are predisposed for obstructive urolithiasis in due course. The present paper throws some light on association of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in causing emphysematous cystitis. It also deals with haematobiochemical changes like haemoconcentration, increased blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and pathomorphological alterations viz. hydrothorax, atelectasis of lung, haemorrhagic emphysematous cystitis having cobblestone appearance in obstructive urolithiasis leading to cystorrhexis in a buffalo calf.

References

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Verma MK, Purohit S, Gowtham Achintya, Singh PR, Tripathi DM, Pandey Vijay and Pandey RP (2017). Excretory urographic and ultrasonographic studies of urinary system in goats (Capra hircus). Ruminant Science 6(1):177-184.

36

36-Title: Surgical management of gore injury induced pneumothorax in cattle: A case report

Authors: Priyanka, Robin, Ram Niwas, Sandeep Kumarand Dinesh

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):187-188.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Priyanka, Robin, Niwas Ram, Kumar Sandeep and Dinesh (2020). Surgical management of gore injury induced pneumothorax in cattle: A case report. Ruminant Science 9(1):187-188.

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