B-mode ultrasonographic evaluation of teat and udder affections in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)
Title: B-mode ultrasonographic evaluation of teat and udder affections in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)
Authors: Neeraj Awasthi, S Purohit and RP Pandey
Source: Ruminant Science (2018)-7(1):151-154.
Cite this reference as: Awasthi Neeraj, Purohit S and Pandey RP (2018). B-mode ultrasonographic evaluation of teat and udder affections in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 7(1):151-154.
Present study was conducted to standardized the echo-texture of teat and udder of buffaloes (N=6) and its clinical application in diagnosis of various affections of teats and udder (n=50). Ultrasonoraphy of teats were performed by keeping the teat in plastic glass filled with water while, udder was scanned by direct contact using gel. Based on ultrasonographic images generated, together sixty six leasions recorded in udder and teats of fifty animals and classified into eight types. In some animal’s more than one type of affections were also recorded. Present study documented the clinical application of ultrasonography in early and accurate diagnosis of various teat and udder affections in Buffaloes.
Antos D, Vicente W, Canola J and Lega E (2004). B-mode ultrasonography in cows during lactation to evaluate the teat anatomy using four different techniques. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science 41:349-354.
Cartee RE, Ibrahim AK and McLeary D (1986). B-mode ultrasonography of udder and teat. Journal American Veterinary Medical Association 188: 1284-1287.
Couture U and Mulon PY (2005). Procedures and surgeries of the teat. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 21:173-204.
Flock M and Winter P (2006). Diagnostic ultrasonography in cattle with diseases of the mammary gland. Veterinary Journal 171:314-321.
Ford TS, Ross MW, Acland HM and Madison JB (1989). Primary teat neoplasia in two yearling heifers. Journal American Veterinary Medical Association 195:238-239.
Franz S, Hofmann-Parisot M, Baumgartner W, Windischbauer G, Suchy A and Bauder B (2001). Ultrasonography of the bovine teat canal in cows and sheeps. Veterinary Research 149:109-112.
Franz S, Hofmann-Parisot M, Gütler S and Baumgartner W (2003). Clinical and ultrasonographic findings in the mammary gland of sheep. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 51:238-243.
Franz S, Floek M and Hofmann-Parisot M (2009). Ultrasonography of the bovine udder and teat. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 25(3):669-85.
Getty R (1975). Sisson and Grossmans: Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. 5th Edn, Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co, pp 950-953.
Gungor O, Pancarci SM and Kasrabacak A (2005). Examination of equine udder and teat by B-mode ultrasonography. Kafkas Universitesi Fakultesi Dergisi 11(2):107-111.
Hoque M, Tiwary R, Maiti SK, Singh GR, Gupta OP and Kumar N (2004). Ultrasonography of bovine udder and teat. Paper presented in 11th Annual Congress of IAAVR, IVRI Izatnagar.
Lohr CV (2012). One hundred two tumors in 100 goats (1987-2011). Veterinary Pathology 50(4):668-675.
Motomura Y, Yasuda N, Kamimura S and Hamana K (1994). Ultrasonic tomography and morphology of the bovine teat. Journal Japan Veterinary Medical Association 47(5):318-321.
Nouh SR, Korittum AS, Elkammar MH and Barakat WM (2014). Retrospective study of the surgical affections of the teat in dairy cows of army farms and their successful treatment. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 40(1):65-76.
Rambabu K, Sreenu M, Suresh Kumar RV and Rao TSC (2009). Ultrasonography of the udder and teat in buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin 28(1):5-10.
Rambabu K, Sreenu M, Suresh Kumar RV and Rao TSC (2011). Incidence of udder and teat affections in buffaloes. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 7(6):309-311.
Singh Pramod, Purohit S and Pandey RP (2017). Ultrasonographic evaluation of teats in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 6(2):377-81.
Stocker H and Rusch P (1997). Euter und Zitzen. Textbook of Ultrasonography in Cattle. 1st Edn, Parey, Berlin, pp 163-175.