EFFECT OF COMPLETE RATION IN DIVERSE PHYSICAL FORMS ON NUTRIENT UTILIZATION AND LACTATION PERFORMANCE IN INDIGENOUS GIR CATTLE OF SEMI-ARID INDIA
Title: EFFECT OF COMPLETE RATION IN DIVERSE PHYSICAL FORMS ON NUTRIENT UTILIZATION AND LACTATION PERFORMANCE IN INDIGENOUS GIR CATTLE OF SEMI-ARID INDIA
Authors: Manish Kumawat, Vishnu Sharma, Monika Karnani and Sanjita Sharma
Source: Ruminant Science (2018)-7(2):241-246.
Cite this reference as: Kumawat Manish, Sharma Vishnu, Karnani Monika and Sharma Sanjita (2018). Effect of complete ration in diverse physical forms on nutrient utilization and lactation performance in indigenous Gir cattle of semi-arid India. Ruminant Science 7(2):241-246.
Present study aimed to assess the effect of feeding wheat straw based complete ration in diverse physical forms on nutrient utilization and lactation performance in Gir cattle. A feeding trial of 60 days duration was carried out on twelve lactating Gir cattle (365±3.63 kg initial body weight), divided into three similar groups (T1, T2 and T3), each containing four animals in a randomized block design (RBD). Group T1 animals were fed complete feed in the mash (CFM) form as control, whereas animals of T2 and T3 groups fed complete feed in pellet (CFP) and block (CFB) form, respectively. Results revealed a significant (P<0.05) effect of different physical forms on (P<0.01) intake of dry matter (DMI), digestible crude protein (DCP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) and digestibility of dry matter (DM), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF), organic matter (OM), crude fibre (CF) and crude protein (CP) whereas non-significant effect was observed on the digestibility of ether extract (EE) and nitrogen free extract (NFE). The effect on 4% fat corrected milk (FCM) yield showed highly significant effect, however, milk composition (fat, lactose, protein, total solids and solid not fat) values were non-significant in different treatment groups. Considering the results of digestibility coefficient of nutrients and milk yield, it may be concluded that CFP and CFB forms are superior to CFM, whereas CFP is superior to CFB.
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