EFFECT OF FEEDING GARLIC (Allium sativum) AND PROBIOTIC (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH GROUND NUT STRAW BASED COMPLETE FEED ON RUMEN PARAMETERS IN SONADI SHEEP
Title: EFFECT OF FEEDING GARLIC (Allium sativum) AND PROBIOTIC (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH GROUND NUT STRAW BASED COMPLETE FEED ON RUMEN PARAMETERS IN SONADI SHEEP
Authors: Mahendra Kumar Meena, Monika Joshi, Uma Ram and Manish Kumawat
Source: Ruminant Science (2018)-7(2):233-236.
Cite this reference as: Meena MK, Joshi Monika, Ram Uma and Kumawat Manish (2018). Effect of feeding garlic (Allium sativum) and probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) alone or in combination with ground nut straw based complete feed on rumen parameters in Sonadi sheep. Ruminant Science 7(2):233-236.
Present study was conducted to assess the effect of feeding garlic (Allium sativum) and probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) alone or in combination with groundnut straw based complete feed on rumen parameters in Sonadi sheep. A feeding trial was conducted for 90 days period followed by metabolism trial. Four complete diets were prepared as T1 (roughage + concentrate mixture), T2 (basal roughage + concentrate mixture + Allium sativum @ 3% of feed), T3 (basal roughage + concentrate mixture + probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae @3g/head/d) and T4 (basal roughage + concentrate mixture + Allium sativum @ 1.5% of feed + probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae @1.5g/head/d), using roughage and concentrate ratio 60:40. Sixteen Sonadi rams (10-12 month of age) were selected and randomly distributed in four groups of four rams each. Results revealed that the rumen parameters viz. pH and TVFA showed non-significant effect due to garlic and yeast supplementation. Supplementation of garlic (Allium sativum) as well as yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in ruminants showed apparently beneficial effects on rumen fermentation characteristics.
AOAC (2016). Official Methods of Analysis. 20th Edn, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
Barnett AJG and Reid RL (1957). Studies on the production of VFA from grass by rumen liquor in artificial rumen: The VFA production from fresh grass. Journal of Agricultural Science 48:315.
Choudhary S, Kumar V, Goswami SC, Patel AK, Mahla V, Gadhwal RS and Meel Padma (2018). Effect of supplementation of complete feed blocks on performance of Marwari lambs. Ruminant Science 7(1):137-140.
Dawson KA, Newman KE and Boling JA (1990). Effects of microbial supplements containing yeast and lactobacilli on roughage-fed ruminal microbial activities. Journal of Animal Science 68(10):3392-3398.
El-Waziry AM, Kamel HEM and Yacout MHM (2007). Effect of bakers’ yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) supplementation to berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) hay diet on protein digestion and rumen fermentation of sheep. Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Feeds 3:71-82.
Gadekar YP, Shinde AK, Soren NM and Karim SA (2014). Effect of different levels of lactobacillus acidophilus culture on carcass traits and meat quality of Malpura lambs. Ruminant Science 3(2):229-234.
Harikrishna CH, Mahender M, Reddy YR, Prakash MG, Sudhakar K and Pavani M (2013). Supplementation effect of thermo tolerant yeast on nutrient utilization and rumen fermentation in Nellore lambs. Cellulose 278-281.
Ingle PB, Bhagwat SR, Prajapati KB, Sheikh AS, Ashwar BK, Pawar MM, Chauhan HD, Makwana RB, Patel AP, Patel Suresh, Patel GV, Choudhary V, Joshi S and Emmanuel N (2013). Effect of probiotics supplementation on growth performance of female crossbred calves in Banskantha district. Ruminant Science 2(2):193-199.
Kamel C and Great H (2009). Garlic and cinnamon for a healthy rumen. Feed Mix 15 nr. 4. Available from; htttp:/www.allaboutfeed.net (Accessed December 2009).
Khalid MF, Shahzad MA, Sarwar M, Rehman AU, Sharif M and Mukhtar N (2011).Probiotics and lamb performance: a review. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6 (23):5198-5203.
Kramer CY (1957). Extension of multiple range tests to group correlation adjusted means. Biometrics 13:13.
Martin SA and Nisbet DJ (1992). Effect of direct fed microbials on rumen microbial fermentation. Journal of Dairy Science 75:1736-1744.
Mikula R, Grochowsk S, Nowak W, Kasprowicz-Potocka M (2012). The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on ruminal fermentation in sheep fed high or low-NDF rations. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 21:276-284
Pandey P and Agrawal LS (2001). Influence of dietary supplementation of antibiotic and probiotic on rumen fermentation in cross bred bullocks. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 18(1):19-22.
Rezaee M, Rezaeian M, Shahrebabak M and Mirhadi SA (2006). The effects of strain and doses of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on performance, total rumen bacterial population and blood serum metabolites in male Holstein calves. Journal of Veterinary Faculty, University of Tehran 61(1):63-69.
Saha SK, Senani S, Padhi, MK and Rai RB (1998). Effect of feeding baker’s yeast on dry matter intake and nutrient digestibility in goat. Journal of Andaman Science Association 13:109-111.
Salem FA, EI-Mahdy MR, Zaza EH and Abo-Donia FMA (2002). Effect of non-hormonal growth promoters on digestibility, rumen fermentation, some blood constituents and growth rate in sheep. Journal of Agriculture and Animal Science 40(3):1449-1460.
Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th Edn, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi, India.
Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB and Lewis BA (1991). Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 74(10):3583-97.
Wanapat M, Kang S, Khejornsart P and Wanapat S (2013). Effects of plant herb combination supplementation on rumen fermentation and nutrient digestibility in beef cattle. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 26(8):1127.
Yang WZ, Benchaar C, Ametaj BN, Chaves AV, He ML and McAllister TA (2007). Effects of garlic and juniper berry essential oils on ruminal fermentation and on the site and extent of digestion in lactating Cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90:5671-5681.