Gastrointestinal parasitic infections in goat farms of Sikkim
Title: Gastrointestinal parasitic infections in goat farms of Sikkim
Authors: Papri Pal, LR Chatlod and RK Avasthe
Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):293-298.
Cite this reference as: Pal Papri, Chatlod LR and Avasthe RK (2017). Gastrointestinal parasitic infections in goat farms of Sikkim. Ruminant Science 6(2):293-298.
Of the total 488 faecal samples examined 385 (78.89%) were found positive for different parasitic infections with eggs per gram of faeces (EPG) range of 100-4800. The incidence was significantly lower in Government goat farm (68.85%) than that of privately managed farms (80.33%). The most prevalent gastrointestinal helminth parasite eggs detected were strongyles (77.86%), followed by Strongyloides spp. (52.25%), coccidian oocyst (49.18%), Moniezia spp. (44.26%), Trichuris spp. (13.52%), Nematodirus spp. (13.32%), amphistome (10.46%) and Dicrocoelium spp. (6.76%) in descending order. The prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection was high in August (91.84%) and low in January (57.89%). Intensity of strongyle infection in terms of epg showed no variations when different ages, sexes and breeds were compared. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites indicating shedding of parasite eggs or oocysts was higher in goats with poor body condition (91.51%) when compared with moderate (86.92%) and good body condition (69.44%). The seasonal distribution of gastrointestinal parasitism indicated higher percentage of infection during summer (85.83%) followed by autumn (83.46%) and spring (78.5%). The infection rate was significantly lower in winter (66.94%).
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