Peste des petits ruminants, a threat to the growing small ruminant for livelihood sustenance in Meghalaya in north eastern India

Peste des petits ruminants, a threat to the growing small ruminant for livelihood sustenance in Meghalaya in north eastern India

Title: Peste des petits ruminants, a threat to the growing small ruminant for livelihood sustenance in Meghalaya in north eastern India

Authors: Amarjit Karam, Amit Chakraborty, Kekungu-u Puro*, Kaushik Kakoti, Samir Das, Sandeep Ghatak, Ingudam Shakuntala and Arnab Sen

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(1):125-128.

Cite this reference as: Karam Amarjit, Chakraborty Amit, Puro Kekungu-u, Kakoti Kaushik, Das Samir, Ghatak Sandeep, Shakuntala Ingudam and Sen Arnab (2017). Peste des petits ruminants, a threat to the growing small ruminant for livelihood sustenance in Meghalaya in north eastern India. Ruminant Science 6(1):125-128.

Abstract

The present study describes the outbreak of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in goats in South West Garo Hills of Meghalaya. The confirmatory diagnosis of PPR was done using the sera and nasal swab samples collected from the affected animals. Competitive ELISA showed 75% and 25% seropositivity in Goat and Sheep, respectively while antigen capture sandwich ELISA showed 25% positivity for PPR antigen. Three of the highly positive sera samples by ELISA were found to be positive for PPRV N gene by RT-PCR which confirmed the disease is caused by PPR. The mortality recorded during the outbreak period (April to June, 2017) from four villages was 50% in Rakhaldubi, 40% in Nolbari, 89% in Bhoirakupi and 60% in Phuljuri. The overall mortality recorded was 75% which warrants appropriate control measures against PPR to prevent the spread of disease.

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