BREEDING PERFORMANCE OF MURRAH BUFFALOES IN ORGANISED HERD

BREEDING PERFORMANCE OF MURRAH BUFFALOES IN ORGANISED HERD

Title: BREEDING PERFORMANCE OF MURRAH BUFFALOES IN ORGANISED HERD

Authors: Arun Pratap Singh, AK Chakravarty and Mohsin Ayoub Mir

Source: Ruminant Science (2018)-7(2):207-212.

Cite this reference as: Singh AP, Chakravarty AK and Mir MA (2018). Breeding performance of Murrah buffaloes in organised herd. Ruminant Science 7(2):207-212.

Abstract

The major constraints to fully exploit the productive potential of buffalo are its inherent low reproductive efficiency due to silent heat coupled with poor expression of oestrus, seasonality in breeding and low conception rate. The data on 6804 records of artificial inseminations (AI’s) and 2561 records of conceptions of 1138 breedable females of Murrah buffalo breed used upto 14 sets since July 1993 to June 2014 under Network Project on Buffalo Improvement at the ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute Karnal, Haryana were collected and analyzed to study the breeding performance of Murrah buffaloes for strengthening future management strategies to improve reproductive performance. The month and season of breeding significantly (P<0.01) influenced the incidence of breeding. Murrah buffaloes bred predominantly in the month of October (12.51%) and minimum in the month of June (4.34%). The summer months (April, May, June) witnessed less number of breeding i.e. 17.41% as compared to 34.72% in winter months (December, January, February, March). Overall conception rate of Murrah buffaloes was 37.65 per cent with the conception rate achieved in heifers (41.01%) was higher than multiparous animals (36.39%). The average number of services per conception varied from 1.76 to 2.32 among different periods with an overall average of 2.07. The percentage of buffaloes which conceived after one, two, three, four, five and more than five inseminations were 46.11, 25.85, 14.64, 6.64 and 6.76%, respectively.

References

Ahmad N, Irfan M, Chaudhary RA and Ahmad W (1983). Reproductive efficiency of Nili-Ravi buffaloes in Pakistan. Indian Journal of Animal Science 53(10):1066-1068.

Ahmed WM (2000). Investigations on ovarian inactivity in Egyptian buffalo. International Journal of Animal Science 15(1):49-55.

Cady RA, Shah SK, Schermer Horn EE and McDowell RE (1983). Factors affecting performance of Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Pakistan Journal of Dairy Science 66:578.

Chandy KT (2011) Buffalo Breeding. Booklet No. 591, Buffalo: BFS- 5, Agricultural and Environmental Education. www.inseda.org/. 12/27/2011

Choudhry MA and Pasha TN (1989). Studies on service period and services per conception in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Buffalo Journal 4:183-192.

Dessouky F and Juma KH (1973). Infertility problems among cows and buffaloes in Iraq. Indian Journal of Animal Science 43:187-192.

El-Wardani MA and El-Asheeri K (2000). Influence of season and number of heat checks on detecting of ovulatory estrus in Egyptian buffaloes. Egyptian Journal of Animal Production 37(1):1-8.

Kamboj ML (2001). Annual Report (1999-2000). Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hisar, Haryana (India).

Kamboj ML and Chawla DS (2006). A study on breeding performance of Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Research 40 (2):118-122.

Khan HM, Mohanty TK, Bhakat M, Raina VS and Gupta AK (2011). Relationship of Blood Metabolites with Reproductive Parameters during Various Seasons in Murrah Buffaloes. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 24(9):1192-1198.

Koga A, Kurata K, Furukawa R, Nakajima M, Kanai Y and Chikamune T (1999). Thermoregulatory responses of swamp buffaloes and Friesian cows to diurnal changes in temperature. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 12(8):1273-1276.

Kumaresan A, Ansari MR and Sanwal PC (2001). Assessment of the accuracy of oestrus detection by progesterone assay in cattle and buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Science 71(8):34-36.

Madan ML and Prakash BS (2007). Reproductive endocrinology and biotechnology applications among buffaloes. In: Reproduction in Domestic Ruminants. Eds: Juengel JI, JF Murray and MF Smith. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK. pp 261-281.

Mondal S, Prakash BS and Palta P (2008). Peripheral plasma FSH concentrations in relation to expression of oestrus in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Buffalo Bulletin 27(4):258-262.

National Research Council (2001). Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 6th Edn. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

Patel JA, Tanaje KR and Murthy KS (1999). Reproductive performance of Jaffarabadi buffaloes in Saurashtra. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 20:77-78.

Patel KK, Kavani FS and Ninan Jacob (1996). Effect of season and climatological factors on sexual activity of Mehsana buffaloes. International journal of Animal Sciences 11:329-32.

Patil CS, Chakravarty AK, Vijay Kumar, Dongre VB and Pankaj Kumar (2011). Non-genetic factors affecting first lactation reproductive traits in murrah buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Research 45(3):205-207.

Raizada BC and Pandey  MD (1981). Buffalo reproduction. 2- breeding of off season and normal season calvers. Indian Journal of Animal Science 51:164-168.

Reddy AO, Ramesha KP and Rao MK (1999). Effect of climate on the incidence of oestrus, conception and cycle length in Murrah buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Science 69 (17):485-489.

Reddy AO, Tripathi VN and Raina VS (1987). Effect of climate on the incidence of oestrus and conception rate in Murrah buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Science 57:204.

Sarkar U, Gupta AK, YadavP, Mohanty TK and Raina VS (2005). Factors affecting conception rate in Murrah buffaloes. Journal of Dairying, Foods and Home sciences 24(2):96.

SAS (2011). Statistical Analysis System, User’s Guide. Statistical. Version 9. 1sted. SAS, Inst Inc, Cary, NC, USA.

Srivastava SK and Sahni KL (2003). Fertility following twice and thrice daily oestrus detection in Murrah buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin 22(3):59-61.

Tailor SP, Jain LS, Gupta HK and Bhatia JS (1990). Oestrus and conception rates in buffaloes under village conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Science 60:1020.

Thatcher WW, Collier RI, Beede DK and Wilcox CJ (1986). Interaction of environment and reproductive process in cattle. Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting, Ankara, 3-8 June, IAEA-SR-115/104 Vienna. pp 61-73.

Vidyadaran  MK (1988). Buffalo Journal 4(2):193-207.

World-agriculture com (2011). Animal Husbandry-Water Buffalo Breeding and its Characteristics.http://www.worldagriculture.com/buffalo/water_buffalo_breeding. php.12/20/2011